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John Wilkins Whitfield (March 11, 1818 – October 27, 1879) was a territorial delegate to the United States Congress representing the Kansas Territory from 1854 until 1856. He was late a general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War.
Whitfield was born in Franklin, Williamson County, Tennessee. He served in the Mexican–American War. He moved to Independence, Missouri, in 1853. He was registrar of the land office at Doniphan, Kansas.
Whitfield served in the Texas cavalry during the Civil War, reaching the rank of brigadier general.
He settled in Lavaca County, Texas, after the war and served in the Texas House of Representatives. He died in Hallettsville, Texas, where he is buried.