John Wilson (Caddo)
Though he was of half-Delaware descent, quarter-blood French, and quarter-blood Caddo, John Wilson spoke only the Caddo language and identified only as a Caddo. He is believed to have been born in 1840, when his band of Caddo were still living in Texas. They were driven into Indian Territory in 1859.
During a two-week period, Wilson consumed large numbers of peyote buttons to gain new insights into conducting peyote ceremonies – "learning from the peyote" and, as his nephew George Anderson put it, "peyote took pity on him." The tribe had been exposed to the Half Moon peyote ceremony, but Wilson introduced the Big Moon ceremony to the tribe. The Caddo tribe remains very active in the Native American Church today.
Wilson died in 1901.
- Stewart 87
- Swanton 119
- Stewart 86
- Stewart 88
- Stewart, 86-88
- Stewart, Omer Call. Peyote Religion: A History. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993. ISBN 978-0-8061-2457-5.
- Swanton, John Reed. Source material on the history and ethnology of the Caddo Indians. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996. ISBN 978-0-8061-2856-6.