John Winthrop Chanler
Life and career
Born in New York City to John White Chanler and Elizabeth Shirreff Winthrop (a granddaughter of Peter Stuyvesant and a great-great-granddaughter of Wait Winthrop and Joseph Dudley), Chanler received his early education from private tutors, and graduated from Columbia College of Columbia University, New York City, in 1847. He attended the University of Heidelberg in Heidelberg, Germany. With his degree in law, Chanler was admitted to the New York State Bar and practiced law.
He was member of the New York State Assembly (New York Co., 10th D.) in 1858 and 1859. He was nominated as a candidate for State senate in 1860 but declined. He was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1860 to the Thirty-seventh Congress.
Chanler was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth United States Congresses, serving from March 4, 1863 to March 3, 1869. He was censured by the Thirty-ninth Congress on May 14, 1866 for an insult to the House of Representatives. The insult stemmed from a resolution he introduced expressing support for the vetoes of President Andrew Johnson, in which Chanler called acts of Congress vetoed by Johnson "wicked and revolutionary".
John married into the prominent Astor family of New York. His wife, Margaret Astor Ward (1838–1875), was the daughter of Samuel Cutler Ward and Emily Astor. The couple had ten children, including politicians William Astor Chanler and Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler, as well as the artist Robert Winthrop Chanler. Their third daughter Margaret Livingston Chanler served as a nurse with the American Red Cross during the Spanish-American War. John and Margaret's eldest son John Armstrong "Archie" Chanler married and later divorced novelist Amélie Rives Troubetzkoy.
- Asher Crosby Hinds, Hinds' Precedents of the House of Representatives of the United States, Volume 2, 1907, page 798
- "Margaret Astor Chanler, Heroine of Porto Rico," Milwaukee Journal, Sept 8, 1898, p. 5.
- Donna M. Lucey, Archie and Amélie: Love and Madness in the Gilded Age. New York: Harmony Books, 2007. ISBN 1-4000-4852-4.
- Thomas, Lately. A pride of lions: the Astor orphans; the Chanler chronicle, W. Morrow, 1971.
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 7th congressional district
1863 - 1869
Hervey C. Calkin
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.