John Wood (English actor)

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This article is about the English actor. For other actors with similar names, see John Wood (disambiguation).
John Wood
Born (1930-07-05)5 July 1930
Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom
Died 6 August 2011(2011-08-06) (aged 81)
Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom
Alma mater Jesus College, Oxford
Occupation Actor
Years active 1952–2008

John Wood, CBE (5 July 1930 – 6 August 2011) was an English actor noted for his performances in Shakespeare and for his long association with Tom Stoppard.

Life and career[edit]

John Wood was born 5 July 1930, and educated at Bedford School (where he remembered being beaten regularly by the future writer John Fowles). He did his national service as a lieutenant with the Royal Artillery, where he was invalided out after being accidentally shot in the back and later almost killed in a jeep accident.

He read law at Jesus College, Oxford. He was president of the Oxford University Dramatic Society. He had seen John Gielgud as Angelo in Peter Brook's 1950 Stratford-upon-Avon production of Measure for Measure, "and suddenly knew what I wanted to do". He played Malvolio – "looking as lean, lanky and statuesque as Don Quixote," said the Oxford Mail – in a Mansfield College gardens production of Twelfth Night with Maggie Smith as Viola. He directed and starred in a student production of Richard III and invited one of the leading critics of the day, Harold Hobson, to the performance, telling Hobson that he would be "wanting in his duties" to ignore a Richard III that was "finer than Olivier's". Hobson went out of curiosity, and reported that he had seen "something not to be missed"; the young actor had a "sardonic, amused condescension and visible superiority complex", and the critic foresaw "a considerable future". Wood graduated in 1953.

In 1954 he joined the Old Vic company (where the young Richard Burton was the star), playing a string of small roles over two years as the company staged the complete First Folio of Shakespeare plays. Wood dismissively described these roles as "the cheapest way of getting a Shakespearean costume on stage”, although Kenneth Tynan thought his Lennox to Paul Rogers's Macbeth "cut like a razor through the stubble of fustian". Other roles included Bushy and Exton in Richard II, Sir Oliver Martext in As You Like It, Pistol in The Merry Wives of Windsor and Helenus in Troilus and Cressida in a company that also included many future famous actors.

Wood made his West End debut as Don Quixote in Peter Hall's staging of Tennessee Williams's Camino Real (Phoenix, 1957). He then joined George Devine's English Stage Company, which was about to change the course of new British drama at the Royal Court. Wood read scripts (and thought that John Osborne's Look Back in Anger was inferior to the work of Pinero), codirected a Sunday production and appeared in Nigel Dennis's The Making of Moo (1957). Wood returned to the West End in Peter Hall's production of The Brouhaha (Aldwych, 1958), in which he had only a small part; but as Peter Sellers's understudy he played a leading role 15 times, which warranted (in Wood's view) a backstage party.

Despairing of a successful career, he rejected several offers from Hall in the early 1960s to join the newly formed Royal Shakespeare Company, electing instead to appear on television, in A Tale of Two Cities and Barnaby Rudge, among other productions. He returned to the West End in 1961 as Henry Albertson in the whimsical off-Broadway musical The Fantasticks, at the Apollo. Most of the next 6 years were spent in a variety of films and TV programmes. Two of his last TV performances were in short plays written by Tom Stoppard for “Thirty Minute Theatre”: "Teeth" (February 1967) and “Another Moon Called Earth” (28 June 1967).

His association with Stoppard brought Wood back to the stage in his New York debut. Wood played Guildenstern in the Broadway premiere of Stoppard’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. Wood’s performance earned a Tony nomination as Guildenstern. While in America he starred in two Jerry Lewis films, One More Time and Which Way to the Front?. Wood recalled of Lewis: "He taught me never to be afraid to take a risk. There was only one response, laughter, to the most horrific, cruel thing you can imagine."

He returned to England to play Frederick the Great in Romulus Linney’s The Sorrows of Frederick at the Birmingham Rep in 1970. The same year he had his first real London success in Harold Pinter's revival of James Joyce's Exiles, "uncover(ing) characteristic layers of meaning hidden within the text". His performance as Richard Rowan, a self-tortured author with a need to be deceived by his wife, was "lugubrious and brooding, sudden and snappish, a reptile with a quick, dangerous tongue". His performance won the Bancroft Gold Medal 1970 award for Most Promising Actor.

Wood joined the Royal Shakespeare Company at the Aldwych Theatre in 1971 under Peter Hall, and where he remained for several seasons. In 1971 he played Yakov Bardin in Maxim Gorky's Enemies, “far gone in booze, self-loathing and despair". His 1972 performance as Brutus in Julius Caesar was his breakthrough performance, leaner and hungrier than Cassius, "with weary disdain", "superbly realising that Brutus is a figure close to Hamlet”. At the RSC he also played Sir Fopling Flutter in George Etherege's Restoration comedy The Man of Mode, Mark in Jean Genet's The Balcony, and a narcissistic Saturninus in Titus Andronicus. After the two Roman plays, Wood was acclaimed "the most intellectually exciting actor in Britain” by Sheridan Morley.

He made a "spindly, lecherous and slightly manic husband" in John Mortimer's Collaborators (Garrick, 1973) alongside Glenda Jackson. Returning to the RSC he took the title role in William Gillette's 1899 drama Sherlock Holmes: “cool, authoritative, sardonic,” “he seemed made for the role". The RSC took the production to Broadway in late 1974, attracting his second Tony nomination in 1975. It was the start of period of seven years alternating between London and New York City.

Before transferring to America, Wood took on the role of the diplomat Henry Carr in the 1974 premiere of Tom Stoppard’s Travesties. Stoppard wrote the part of Carr specifically for John Wood, meaning Trevor Nunn was able to secure Travesties for the RSC. As Carr, Wood alternated between the dual roles of a querulous geriatric and his younger snobbish self remembering his encounters with James Joyce, Tristan Tzara and Lenin in 1917 Zurich. Wood was awarded the Evening Standard Best Actor award. Travesties transferred to Broadway at the Ethel Barrymore Theater in 1975, and Wood won a Tony Award in 1976 and also a Drama Desk Award for his performance.

At the RSC in 1976 with Tom Conti, Bob Hoskins, T.P. McKenna and Zoe Wannamaker, he took the lead, General Bugoyne, in George Bernard Shaw's The Devil's Disciple and the title role in "the ideal midlife crisis play", as Chekhov's Ivanov. In summer 1977 he took the role of the lunatic Ivanov, who imagines he owns an orchestra, in Tom Stoppard’s and André Previn's political oratorio Every Good Boy Deserves Favour, directed by Trevor Nunn at the Royal Festival Hall. In autumn 1977 he played the title role in a Broadway production of Tartuffe (translated by Richard Wilbur) at Circle in the Square Theatre. In February 1978 Wood was in the Broadway success, Ira Levin’s comic thriller Deathtrap in which he originated the role of Sidney Bruhl, the murderous playwright. Explaining his decision to take the part (a more commercial and contemporary venture than he was normally associated with), Wood told Newsweek, “I just wanted to get onstage in ordinary pants and do one-liners.” His performance won the 1978 Outer Critics Circle Outstanding Actor in a Play award. Wood returned to London as Richard III in a 1979 National Theatre production of the Shakespeare play, but his performance received mixed reviews. At the National Theatre at the same time he was also in Arthur Schnitzler's Undiscovered Country adapted by Stoppard. Wood returned to Broadway in November 1981 taking over from Ian McKellen as Salieri in Peter Shaffer's Amadeus until spring 1982.

From 1983 and 1986 he acted in a variety of Hollywood films, including WarGames (1983), The Purple Rose of Cairo (1984), Ladyhawke (1985), and Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986). He then played the Player in the 1987 New York revival of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead.

Wood then returned to England and the RSC for three towering roles over the next three years. In 1988 he played an acclaimed and successful Prospero in Nicholas Hyner’s production of The Tempest. The critic Irving Wardle said that Wood lit up the text like an electric storm, and simply had no rival as a source of nervous energy on a stage. Michael Billington wrote that Wood’s Prospero “struck me as the best I had ever seen – and I had seen Gielgud in the role, twice. His Prospero was a demented stage manager on a theatrical island, suspended between smouldering rage at his usurpation and unbridled glee at his alternative ethereal power”. His Solness in Adrian Noble’s 1989 production of Ibsen's The Master Builder was as critically lauded: “No one else conjured dreams and madness in such coruscating whispers. And no one dispensed sarcastic throwaways, or embarked on egotistical flights of vanity, with such force and energy.” In the same 1989 RSC season he played Sheridan Whiteside in The Man Who Came to Dinner directed by Gene Saks.

His King Lear in Nicholas Hytner's 1990 production was called his “crowning achievement” with one of his most compelling performances, in which he seemed (to Michael Billington) "to reinvent King Lear on the spot", “lucid textual exposition combined with a painful, emotional rawness”. His performance won the Evening Standard award for Best Actor of 1991. In that RSC season, he also played Don Armado in Terry Hands production of Love's Labour's Lost.

Thereafter Wood appeared in far fewer plays but returned to playing character roles in TV and films, including Shadowlands (1993), Nicholas Hytner's The Madness of King George (1994) scripted by Alan Bennett, Sabrina (1995) and Ian McKellen's fascist Richard III (1995). He also played Baron de Charlus in the 1997 radio adaptation of Harold Pinter's screenplay of Marcel Proust's A la Recherche du Temps Perdu.

In 1994 he played the East End gangster in Philip Ridley's Ghost from a Perfect Place at the Hampstead theatre. Wood returned to the National Theatre in 1997 for Richard Eyre’s production of The Invention of Love by Tom Stoppard. Wood played the aging classical scholar and poet A.E. Housman in a role written specifically for him by Stoppard. Wood was nominated for an Olivier Award in a performance that made intellectualism “dazzling” and frustrated love “heartbreaking”.

He played Spooner at the National Theatre in 2001 in Harold Pinter's No Man's Land. He last appeared on stage in 2005 at the National Theatre in both parts of Henry IV. He was supposed to appear in the Robert Altman-directed Resurrection Blues by Arthur Miller at the Old Vic but had to withdraw because of illness. Wood made his last television appearance guesting on Lewis in 2007.

Wood was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2007. He was married twice. He had one son with his first wife, Gillian Neason. With his second wife, Sylvia Vaughan, he had another son and two daughters. John Wood died 6 August 2011.

Films[edit]

Television[edit]

Awards[edit]

Wood won a Tony Award in 1976 for the role of Henry Carr in Stoppard's Travesties, and was nominated for an Olivier Award in 1997 for the role of A.E. Housman – which he originated – in Stoppard's The Invention of Love.

Wood received two other Tony Award nominations: for the role of Sherlock Holmes in a revival of William Gillette's play, and for the role of Guildenstern in Stoppard's Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead. In 1994 he received much acclaim for his role of Travis Flood in Philip Ridley's controversial play Ghost from a Perfect Place.

Wood was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the New Year Honours of 2007 in the United Kingdom.

References[edit]

  • Obituary, The (London) Times, 11 Aug, 2011
  • Obituary, The Guardian, 11 August 2011 - Michael Coveney
  • Obituary, Daily Telegraph, 11 August 2011
  • Obituary, New York Times, 11 August 2011 - Margalit Fox
  • "John Wood: an actor who made us see things anew", Michael Billington, Guardian, 11 Aug 2011
  • Obituary, The Independent, 18 August 2011
  • "Why Did Broadway's Leading Man, John Wood, Do a Movie with Farrah Fawcett-Majors? 'Money'", People, September 4, 1978
  • "John Wood: At Long Last Lear", Theatre Week, 1990

External links[edit]