John Ziman

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John Ziman
Born (1925-05-16)May 16, 1925
Cambridge, England
Died January 2, 2005(2005-01-02) (aged 79)
Institutions University of Bristol, University of Oxford, Victoria University of Wellington, University of Cambridge
Notable awards Fellow of the Royal Society (1967)[1]
Spouse Rosemary Dixon
Joan Solomon

John Michael Ziman (16 May 1925 – 2 January 2005)[1] was a British-born New Zealand physicist and humanist who worked in the area of condensed matter physics.[2][3][4] He was a spokesman for science, as well as a teacher and author.

Ziman was born in Cambridge, England but moved to New Zealand with his family in childhood and obtained his early education at Hamilton and the University of Wellington. He obtained his PhD from Balliol College, Oxford and did his early research on the theory of electrons in liquid metals at the University of Cambridge.

In 1964 he was appointed professor of theoretical physics at University of Bristol, where he wrote his Elements Of Advanced Quantum Theory (1969) which explains the rudiments of quantum field theory with an elementary condensed matter slant. During this period, his interests shifted towards the philosophy of science. He argued about the social dimension of science,[5][6][7][8] and the social responsibility of scientists in numerous essays and books.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

He married twice, to Rosemary Dixon in 1951 and secondly to Joan Solomon, and was survived by her and three of his four children.[17]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Ziman, John (1960). Electrons and phonons: The theory of transport phenomena in solids. Clarendon. ISBN 978-0-19-850779-6. 
  • Ziman, John (1963). Electrons in metals: A short guide to the Fermi surface. Taylor & Francis. OCLC 13129448. 
  • Ziman, John (1968). Public Knowledge: Essay Concerning the Social Dimension of Science. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-06894-9. 
  • Ziman, John (1969). Elements Of Advanced Quantum Theory. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-09949-3. 
  • Ziman, John (1972). Principles of the Theory of Solids. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-29733-2. 
  • Ziman, John (1976). The Force of Knowledge: The Scientific Dimension of Society. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-09917-2. 
  • Ziman, John (1978). Reliable Knowledge: an Exploration of the Grounds for Belief in Science. Cambridge University Press ISBN 978-0-521-40670-3. 
  • An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987, ISBN 978-0-521-34680-1
  • Ziman, John (1994). Prometheus Bound: Science in a dynamic steady state. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-43430-0. 
  • Ziman, John (1995). Of one mind: the collectivization of science. AIP Press (American Institute of Physics). ISBN 978-1-56396-065-9. 
  • Ziman, John (2000). Real Science: What It Is and What It Means. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-77229-7. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Berry, M.; Nye, J. F. (2006). "John Michael Ziman. 16 May 1925 -- 2 January 2005: Elected FRS 1967". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 52: 479–491. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2006.0032.  edit
  2. ^ Enderby, J. (2005). "John Michael Ziman". Physics Today 58 (11): 74–71. Bibcode:2005PhT....58k..74E. doi:10.1063/1.2155772.  edit
  3. ^ Ravetz, J. (February 2, 2005). "Obituary: John Ziman". The Guardian. 
  4. ^ Ziman, J. (1998). "ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: Why must scientists become more ethically sensitive than they used to be?". Science 282 (5395): 1813–1814. doi:10.1126/science.282.5395.1813. PMID 11645122.  edit
  5. ^ Ziman, J. (1996). "Is science losing its objectivity?". Nature 382 (6594): 751–754. doi:10.1038/382751a0.  edit
  6. ^ Ziman, J. (2003). "Emerging out of nature into history: The plurality of the sciences". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 361 (1809): 1617–1633. Bibcode:2003RSPTA.361.1617Z. doi:10.1098/rsta.2003.1233. PMID 12952677.  edit
  7. ^ Ziman, J. (2003). "Non-instrumental roles of science". Science and engineering ethics 9 (1): 17–27. doi:10.1007/s11948-003-0016-y (inactive 2014-08-12). PMID 12645226.  edit
  8. ^ Ziman, J. (2002). "The continuing need for disinterested research". Science and engineering ethics 8 (3): 397–399. doi:10.1007/s11948-002-0060-z. PMID 12353368.  edit
  9. ^ Ziman, J. (2001). "Getting scientists to think about what they are doing". Science and engineering ethics 7 (2): 165–176. doi:10.1007/s11948-001-0038-2. PMID 11349357.  edit
  10. ^ Ziman, J. M. (1984). "Thoughts on Science Policy: Priorities in Research". Science 224 (4650): 708–708. doi:10.1126/science.224.4650.708. PMID 17780590.  edit
  11. ^ Ziman, J. M. (1980). "The proliferation of scientific literature: A natural process". Science 208 (4442): 369–371. doi:10.1126/science.7367863. PMID 7367863.  edit
  12. ^ Ziman, J. (1978). "The Research Enterprise in the Soviet Union". Science 201 (4361): 1115–1116. doi:10.1126/science.201.4361.1115. PMID 17830312.  edit
  13. ^ Young, M.; Ziman, J. (1971). "Cycles in social behaviour". Nature 229 (5280): 91–95. doi:10.1038/229091a0. PMID 4923114.  edit
  14. ^ Ziman, J. M. (1970). "Some pathologies of the scientific life". Nature 227 (5262): 996–997. doi:10.1038/227996a0. PMID 5449782.  edit
  15. ^ Ziman, J. M. (1970). "New knowledge for old". Nature 227 (5261): 890–894. doi:10.1038/227890a0. PMID 5448993.  edit
  16. ^ Ziman, J. M. (1969). "Information, communication, knowledge". Nature 224 (5217): 318–324. doi:10.1038/224318a0. PMID 5343876.  edit
  17. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". London: The Royal Society. Retrieved 16 July 2010.