John de Robeck
|Sir John de Robeck, Bt|
Sir John de Robeck
|Born||10 June 1862
Naas, County Kildare, Ireland
|Died||20 January 1928 (aged 65)
London, England, United Kingdom
|Years of service||1875–1924|
|Rank||Admiral of the Fleet|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Michael de Robeck, 1st Baronet GCB, GCMG, GCVO (10 June 1862 – 20 January 1928) was an Irish admiral in the British Royal Navy who commanded the Allied naval force in the Dardanelles during World War I.
De Robeck was born in Naas, County Kildare, Ireland, the second son of John Henry Edward Fock, fourth Baron de Robeck (1823–1904), to a family of Swedish/Estonian/German origin, long settled in Ireland.
He was second in command, to Admiral Sir Sackville Carden, of the Allied naval forces at the Dardanelles from February through March 1915, when he succeeded Carden in command. He assumed command a mere three days before the planned attempt to force the Straits on 18 March.
The 1914/15 naval campaign to win the straits and push on to Constantinople was nearly successful, as the Turkish land-based artillery almost ran out of ammunition. However, mines laid in the straits sank or damaged five allied battleships. The arrival of General Ian Hamilton and his troops gave Admiral de Robeck the possibility to turn over responsibility of taking the straits to the army.
He went on to become Commander of the 2nd Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet in November 1916. In July 1919 he became Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet also serving as British High Commissioner in Constantinople during Autumn 1919. He became Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet from 1922 and retired in 1924.
- Turtle Bunbury
- Sir John de Robeck at First World War.com
- The London Gazette: . 3 January 1902.
- John de Robeck at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- The London Gazette: . 1 January 1921.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John de Robeck.|
- Transcription of Official Service Records on www.admirals.org.uk
- Admiral John de Robeck's Despatch on the Gallipoli landings
- Admiral John de Robeck's Despatch on the evacuation of Gallipoli
Sir Somerset Gough-Calthorpe
|Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet
Sir Osmond Brock
Sir Charles Madden
|Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet
Sir Henry Oliver