John of Palisna

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John of Palisna
Ivan od Paližne
Joannes de Palisna
Ban of Croatia
Ban of Slavonia
Ivan Paližna Zagrebačka katedrala.jpg
John of Palisna statue in Zagreb Cathedral.
Ban of Croatia
Reign 1385 - 1386, 1389
Predecessor Toma of St. Juraj
Successor Ivan Frankopan of Krk
Ban of Slavonia
Reign 1385 - 1386, 1389
Predecessor Stjepan Bánffy and Ivan Bánffy
Successor Detrik Bubek
Died March 23, 1391
Vrana, Kingdom of Croatia

John of Palisna (Croatian: Ivan od Paližne, Latin: Joannes de Palisna) (? – 23 March 1391) was a Croatian knight and warrior, prior of Vrana, and Ban of Croatia.

Prior of Vrana[edit]

It is unclear when John of Palisna became prior of Vrana.[1] In May 1381 he was already prior, because the citizens of Zadar were complaining about him to the King of Hungary and Croatia.[1] He co-ruled with relative Ivan (John) Anjou Horvat de Radics as a Ban of Croatia from 1385 to 1386, and in 1389.

While John of Palisna was participating in the Battle of Kosovo with his contingent of Knights Hospitallers in the campaign against the Ottoman Empire, his enemies in Croatia took one of his last strongholds, the Klis Fortress.[1] Obviously, without the help from Bosnians, John was unable to resist Sigismund's allies, especially when he personally went away, to fight against the Ottomans.[1]

Plot against Elizabeth[edit]

John of Palisna opposed the rule of Elizabeth of Bosnia.[2] He was mainly opposed to the centralizing policy which Elizabeth's husband had enforced.[2] He hoped to regain local independence by rising against Elizabeth.[2] Elizabeth's own first cousin, Tvrtko I of Bosnia, with whom she was raised, decided to take advantage of Louis' death and Elizabeth's unpopularity by trying to recover the Dalmatian lands he had lost to Louis in 1357.[2] John of Palisna asked Tvrtko for help but was ultimately defeated by Elizabeth's army and forced to flee to Bosnia.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hunyadi and Laszlovszky (2001), pp. 285–290.
  2. ^ a b c d e Fine (The Late Medieval Balkans – 1994), p. 395.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. Michigan: The University of Michigan Press. ISBN 9780472082605. 
  • Hunyadi and Laszlovszky, Zsolt and József (2001). The Crusades and the military orders: expanding the frontiers of medieval latin christianity. Budapest: Central European University Press. Dept. of Medieval Studies. ISBN 963-9241-42-3.