Johnnie To

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Johnnie To
Johnnie To.jpg
Chinese name 杜琪峯
Chinese name 杜琪峯 (traditional)
Jyutping dou6 kei4 fung1 (Cantonese)
Origin Hong Kong
Born (1955-04-22) 22 April 1955 (age 59)
Hong Kong
Other name(s) Johnny To
Occupation film director, producer

Johnnie To (22 April 1955), also known as To Kei-Fung (杜琪峯), is a Hong Kong film director and producer. Popular in his native Hong Kong,[1] To has also found acclaim overseas. Intensely prolific, To has made films in a variety of genres, though in the West he is best known for his action and crime movies, which have earned him critical respect[2][3] and a cult following (which include Quentin Tarantino, who once said that he really loves to watch To's gangster films[4]).

To's biggest international successes include Breaking News, Election, Election 2 (aka Triad Election), Exiled, Mad Detective and Drug War; these films have multiple international film festival appearances, been distributed theatrically in France and the United States, and been widely sold to foreign countries.

His films, often made in collaboration with the same group of actors, screenwriters and cinematographers, frequently explore themes of friendship, fate and the changing face of Hong Kong society.[5][6] Sometimes described as "multifaceted and chameleonic"[3] due to his ability to switch tones and genres between movies, To is nonetheless seen as having a consistent style, which involves mixing subdued realism and social observation with highly stylized visual and acting elements.[5]

To heads the Hong Kong-based production company Milkyway Image with his frequent co-director Wai Ka-Fai.

Career[edit]

Johnnie To began his career at age 17[1] as a messenger for the Hong Kong television studio TVB. From there To moved up the ladder, working as an executive producer and director for TV shows starting in 1973. In 1978, he shot his first theatrical feature, but continued working in television. In 1983, he directed and screen-wrote the critically acclaimed The Legend of the Condor Heroes, a dramatised TV series base on the martial art novel of the same name by Louis Cha.

While working as an assistant TV director during the Shaw Studios era, he directed All About Ah-Long in 1989, starring Chow Yun-fat, the film became one of the biggest box office hits in that year. In 1988, he co-directed The Big Heat, his first action movie. The film was produced by Tsui Hark. The end of the 1980s also saw some of To's biggest commercial successes, the vast majority of which were comedies. His 1988 film The Eighth Happiness was that year's highest grossing movie.[7]

In 1996, To and frequent collaborator Wai Ka-Fai formed Milkyway Image, a production house that specializes in cost-efficient independent films made by To and Wai, as well their frequent collaborators from Law Wing-Cheong to scriptwriter Yau Nai-Hoi.

In April 2011, it was announced that he would be a member of the jury for the main competition at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival.[8]

His 2011 film Life Without Principle was selected as the Hong Kong entry for the Best Foreign Language Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards, but it did not make the final shortlist.[9]

To is a member of the governing Council of the Hong Kong Arts Development Council.[10]

Festivals and awards[edit]

Commercially successful in his native Hong Kong, To's films have regularly appeared at international festivals, most notably in Europe and North America. Six of To's films have been featured at the Cannes Film Festival: Breaking News premiered as an Out-of-Competition midnight screening in 2004;[11] Election was shown in Competition in 2005;[12] its sequel, Election 2 (aka Triad Election) was screened in Out-of-Competition midnight screenings in 2006, and Triangle was screened in Out-of-Competition midnight screenings in 2007; Vengeance competed for the prestigious Palme D'Or in 2009; Blind Detective was screened in Out-of-Competition midnight screenings in 2013.

At the Berlin International Film Festival, Sparrow was shown in Competition in 2008.

At the Venice International Film Festival, Throw Down was screened Out-of-Competition in 2004; Exiled was shown in Competition at the festival in 2006; Mad Detective was shown in Competition in 2007; Life Without Principle was shown in Competition in 2011.

In North America, To's films have been consistently screened at the Toronto International Film Festival. The Mission, Fulltime Killer, PTU, Breaking News, Throw Down and Mad Detective all screened between 1999 and 2007. In 2006, Election, Election 2, and Exiled were screened.

In 2005, To received the "Time Machine Career Achievement Award" at the Festival de Cine de Sitges, Europe's most prestigious film festival specializing in genre films. To was also honoured as a "Filmmaker in Focus" of 2007 International Film Festival Rotterdam. In 2009, while Vengeance competed at Cannes, To was made an officer of the French Order of Arts and Letters by the French Minister of Culture in recognition for his films.[13]

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Johnnie To". Green Cine. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  2. ^ "Rotten Tomatoes Profile". Rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  3. ^ a b Senses of Cinema: The Belated Auteurism of Johnnie To
  4. ^ http://www.villagevoice.com/2009-08-18/news/quentin-tarantino-the-inglourious-basterds-interview/3/
  5. ^ a b "Interview with Johnnie To". Cineaste. 1955-04-22. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  6. ^ "Review of Exiled for the Chicago Reader, by Fred Camper". Fredcamper.com. 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  7. ^ contact@hkcinemagic.com. "Hong Kong Cinemagic: Johnnie To". Hkcinemagic.com. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  8. ^ "The Jury of the 64th Festival de Cannes". Cannes. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2011-04-20. 
  9. ^ "Greece picks 'Unfair World' for Oscar race". Hollywood Reporter. 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  10. ^ HKADC Council Members
  11. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Breaking News". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-12-05. 
  12. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Election". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-12-05. 
  13. ^ ADC congratulates Johnnie To awarded the Officer of the National Order of Arts and Letters by French Ministry of Culture / Press Releases / Information Centre / Hong Kong Arts Development Council[dead link]

External links[edit]

Monographs[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
Fruit Chan
for Made in Hong Kong
Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards for Best Director
1998
for A Hero Never Dies
Succeeded by
Johnnie To
for The Mission
Preceded by
Johnnie To
for A Hero Never Dies
Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards for Best Director
1999
for The Mission
Succeeded by
Wong Kar-wai
for In the Mood for Love
Preceded by
Gordon Chan, Dante Lam
for Beast Cops
Hong Kong Film Awards for Best Director
2000
for The Mission
Succeeded by
Ang Lee
for Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Preceded by
Gordon Chan, Dante Lam
for Beast Cops
Golden Bauhinia Awards for Best Director
2000
for The Mission
Succeeded by
Ang Lee
for Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Preceded by
Peter Chan
for Three
Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards for Best Director
2003
for PTU
Succeeded by
Derek Yee
for One Nite in Mongkok
Preceded by
Andrew Lau, Alan Mak
for Infernal Affairs
Hong Kong Film Awards for Best Director
2004
for PTU
Succeeded by
Derek Yee
for One Nite in Mongkok
Preceded by
Andrew Lau, Alan Mak
for Infernal Affairs
Golden Bauhinia Awards for Best Director
2004
for PTU
Succeeded by
Derek Yee
for One Nite in Mongkok
Preceded by
Derek Yee
for One Nite in Mongkok
Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards for Best Director
2005
for Election
Succeeded by
Johnnie To
for Exiled
Preceded by
Derek Yee
for One Nite in Mongkok
Hong Kong Film Awards for Best Director
2006
for Election
Succeeded by
Patrick Tam Kar-Ming
for After This Our Exile
Preceded by
Johnnie To
for Election
Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards for Best Director
2006
for Exiled
Succeeded by
Ann Hui
for The Postmodern Life of My Aunt
Preceded by
Peter Chan
for Perhaps Love
Golden Bauhinia Awards for Best Director
2007
for Exiled
Succeeded by
no award in 2008