Johnny Hart

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For other people named John Hart, see John Hart (disambiguation).
Johnny Hart
Johnny Hart.jpeg
Born John Lewis Hart
(1931-02-18)February 18, 1931
Endicott, New York
Died April 7, 2007(2007-04-07) (aged 76)
Nineveh, New York
Nationality American
Area(s) artist, writer
Notable works
B.C.
The Wizard of Id
Awards full list

John Lewis "Johnny" Hart (February 18, 1931 – April 7, 2007) was an American cartoonist noted as the creator of the comic strip B.C. and co-creator of the strip The Wizard of Id. Hart was recognized with several awards, including the Swedish Adamson Award and five from the National Cartoonists Society. In his later years, he sparked controversy by incorporating overtly Christian themes and messages into the strips.[1]

Biography[edit]

Born in Endicott, New York, Hart's first published work was in Stars and Stripes while he served in Korea as an enlisted member of the United States Air Force. Returning in 1953, he published cartoons in The Saturday Evening Post, Collier's Weekly and other magazines. His pre-cartooning employment included working in a barbecue restaurant and sign painting.[2] Hart's biggest success, B.C., was created in 1957 and began national daily newspapers appearances on February 17, 1958.[3] Hart also co-created and wrote the comic strip The Wizard of Id, drawn by Brant Parker, which has been distributed since November 9, 1964.[3]

Hart died of a stroke on April 7, 2007. According to his wife, he was working at his drawing table at the time of his death.[4][5] His co-creator for The Wizard of Id, Brant Parker, died just eight days later, on April 15, 2007.

Religious convictions[edit]

Hart was raised in a casually religious family, and he attended Christian Sunday School regularly. Although his formal education ended with high school, he was fascinated by the Bible from a young age.[6] In 1977 there was a distinguishable shift in Hart's spirituality, and Hart and wife Bobby began attending a congregation of the Presbyterian Church in Nineveh, New York. Hart attributed his religious awakening to a father-son team of contractors who installed a satellite dish at his home.[6] Hart's increasingly deep religious faith, and the staunch theological and political conservatism that accompanied it, came to be the source of considerable controversy in the later years of his life. In a 1999 interview with The Washington Post, for example, he stated that "Jews and Muslims who don't accept Jesus will burn in Hell" and that "homosexuality is the handiwork of Satan."[7] In the same piece, Hart opined that "the end of the world is approaching, maybe by the year 2010." The lion's share of controversy, however, came from Hart's increasing tendency to incorporate his religious and political themes and ideals into his comic strips, especially B.C. Some newspapers refused to print strips with overtly religious themes or, as with the Los Angeles Times, moved them to the religious section of the newspaper.[8]

Controversial strips[edit]

Two strips in particular were controversial. The B.C. strip for April 15, 2001, which was Easter, portrayed a Jewish menorah with seven candles progressively burning out as the strip captions ran the words of Jesus Christ. At the end, the outer arms of the candelabra broke away, leaving a Christian cross, with the final panel portraying the opened and empty tomb of Christ.[9] Critics including the Anti-Defamation League and the American Jewish Committee argued that Hart's strip portrayed replacement theology, that is, the conception of Christianity as supplanting Judaism. Hart offered an apology "if I have offended any readers," but still thought the strip could increase "religious awareness" and claimed that he had meant the strip to be a tribute to both religions.[8][10][11]

Another B.C. strip, which ran November 10, 2003, showed an outhouse with a traditional crescent, which a character entered with a vertical graphic "SLAM", only to ask, "Is it just me, or does it stink in here?" Critics including the Council on American-Islamic Relations claimed that the combination of the vertical bar and the "SLAM", as well as the crescent moons both in the sky and on the outhouse, made the strip a slur on Islam. Hart denied that it was anything but an outhouse joke.[9]

Personal life[edit]

Hart was an active member of his local community — the area of Greater Binghamton in Broome County, New York, which shares a common abbreviation of "B.C." Hart donated B.C.-based drawings and logos free of charge to many entities and organizations found in the Broome County area, including logos for:

Hart's involvement with the B.C. Open dated back to the early 1970s, and characters from B.C. were used extensively in advertising and marketing materials for the event, including the winner's trophy which was a bronzed version of a hapless B.C. Caveman golfing, a light-hearted trophy when compared to many others, leading it to have earned the designation of being "voted by the players on Tour as the best trophy on Tour; the one that they would love to have." [12]

Additionally, Hart contributed original panels of B.C. strips for charity auctions with the Binghamton, New York-based PBS affiliate, WSKG-TV. He also provided album cover art for the 1999 album Still Fresh by the world-famous jazz vocal group The Four Freshmen, and his strips for B.C. were the inspiration for the mascot of UC Irvine, the anteater. [13]

Tribute[edit]

A May 14, 2007 Mother Goose & Grimm cartoon paying tribute to Hart.

Hart was memorialized in a May 14, 2007 strip of the comic strip Mother Goose & Grimm. In the June 20, 2007 Blondie strip, the last panel shows Mr. Dithers saying, "Boy oh boy, that Johnny Hart sure knew his stuff, didn't he?" Bruce Tinsley honored Hart in his Mallard Fillmore strip of July 10, 2007.

A July 10, 2007 Mallard Fillmore tribute.

Awards[edit]

With the release of The Wizard of Id in 1964, Hart became one of only four cartoonists to have two comic strips appearing in over 1000 papers each. He won numerous awards for his work, including the National Cartoonists Society's Reuben award for B.C. in 1968 and The Wizard of Id in 1984.

  • 1967 - BC - Best Humor Strip

National Cartoonists Society Newspaper Comic Strip (Humor) Award for B.C.

  • 1968 - BC - Reuben Award - Outstanding Cartoonist of the Year

National Cartoonists Society

  • 1970 - BC - The Yellow Kid Award - Best Cartoonist of the Year

The International Congress of Comics - Lucca, Italy. This was the first time this award was given to an American cartoonist.

  • 1971 - BC - Best Cartoonist of the Year - France
  • 1971 - Wizard of Id - Best Humor strip - Brant Parker

National Cartoonists Society

  • 1972 - NASA Public Service Award

For outstanding contributions to NASA

  • 1973 - Best Animation Feature

The National Cartoonist Society “B.C. The First Thanksgiving”

  • 1974 - Silver Bell Award - Best Animated Television Commercial

The Advertising Council "B.C. Tickets for ACTION"

  • 1974 - Golden Spike Award - Best Animated Television Commercial

The International Society of Radio and Television Broadcasters "B.C. ‘A’ We’re the ACTION Corps"

  • 1976 - BC - Adamson Award (“The Sam” Adamson Award) - Best International Comic Strip Cartoonist

The Swedish Academy of Comic Art

  • 1976 - Wizard of Id - Best Humor strip - Brant Parker

The National Cartoonist Society

  • 1980 - Wizard of Id - Best Humor strip - Brant Parker

The National Cartoonist Society

  • 1981 - BC - The Elzie Segar Award - Outstanding Contribution to the Profession of Cartooning

King Features Syndicate

  • 1982 - Golden Sheaf Award - Spontaneous Human Category

The Yorkton Short Film and Video Festival - Canada "B.C. A Special Christmas"

  • 1982 - BC - Special Jury Award

The Yorkton Short Film and Video Festival - Canada "B.C. A Special Christmas"

  • 1982 - Wizard of Id - Best Humor strip - Brant Parker

The National Cartoonist Society

  • 1983 - Wizard of Id - Best Humor strip - Brant Parker

The National Cartoonist Society

  • 1984 - Wizard of Id - Reuben Award - Outstanding Cartoonist of the Year - Brant Parker

The National Cartoonist Society

  • 1985 - Wizard of Id - "The Sam" Adamson Award - Best International Comic Strip Cartoonist - Brant Parker

The Swedish Academy of Comic Art

  • 1986 - BC - Katie Award - Best Magazine Cover - "D Magazine"

The Press Club of Dallas

  • 1986 - Wizard of Id - The Elzie Segar Award - Outstanding Contribution to the Profession of Cartooning - Brant Parker

King Features Syndicate

  • 1988 - BC - Telly Award - Best Television Commercial - Animation

"Less filling" - Monroe Shocks

  • 1989 - BC - Best Newspaper Strip

National Cartoonist Society

  • 1992 - BC - Max and Moritz Award - Best Comic Strip

The Comic Salon - Erlangen, Germany

  • 1995 - BC - Wilbur Award - Editorial Cartoon / Comic Strip Category

The Religious Public Relations Council Inc - Dallas Easter 1995 cartoon

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bernstein, Adam (April 9, 2007). "Obituary: Johnny Hart". The Washington Post. 
  2. ^ The Johnny Hart Interview, 1995
  3. ^ a b Lambiek Comiclopedia. "Johnny Hart". 
  4. ^ "Johnny Hart Dies at 76". The New York Times. April 9, 2007. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  5. ^ BC cartoonist dies while drawing, BBC News
  6. ^ a b "At the Hart of B.C.". Plain Truth Ministries. 
  7. ^ Noland, Claire (April 9, 2007). "Johnny Hart, 76; created 'B.C.' comic strip". Los Angeles Times. 
  8. ^ a b Christian Century. "Easter Comic Strip Creates an Uproar". [dead link]
  9. ^ a b Gene Weingarten (November 21, 2003). "Cartoon Raises a Stink: Some See Slur Against Islam in a 'B.C.' Outhouse Strip". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-04-09. 
  10. ^ USA Today (April 9, 2007). "'B.C.' cartoonist Johnny Hart dies at 76". Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  11. ^ CNN.com. "'B.C.' cartoonist Johnny Hart dies". [dead link]
  12. ^ George Basler (April 9, 2007). "B.C. Loses Hart". Press & Sun-Bulletin. Retrieved 2007-04-09. [dead link]
  13. ^ "Peter's Page". University of California, Irvine. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 

External links[edit]