Rivers performing in 2007 at the New Orleans Jazz Fest
|Birth name||John Henry Ramistella|
November 7, 1942 |
New York City, New York, United States
|Origin||Baton Rouge, Louisiana
|Genres||Rock and roll, garage rock, rockabilly, blue-eyed soul|
Johnny Rivers (born John Henry Ramistella, November 7, 1942, New York City) is an American rock 'n' roll singer, songwriter, guitarist, and record producer. His repertoire includes pop, folk, blues, and old-time rock 'n' roll. Rivers charted during the 1960s and 1970s but remains best known for a string of hit singles between 1964 and 1968, among them "Memphis" (a Chuck Berry cover), "Mountain of Love", "The Seventh Son", "Secret Agent Man", "Poor Side of Town" (a US #1), "Baby I Need Your Lovin'" (a Motown cover), and "Summer Rain".
The Ramistella family moved from New York to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, when the father lost his job. Without any formal music lessons, Johnny began playing guitar. He learned to play from his father and uncle at age eight, and was influenced by the distinctive music of Louisiana. While in junior high school he started sitting in with a band called The Rockets, led by Dick Holler who later wrote a number of songs including "Abraham, Martin and John" and "Snoopy vs. The Red Baron".
Ramistella formed his own band, The Spades, in junior high school and made his first record at 14, while still a student at Baton Rouge High School. Some of their music was recorded on the Suede label as early as 1956.
On a trip to New York in 1958, he met Alan Freed, who advised him to change his name. So Johnny Ramistella had a Baton Rouge attorney change his name to Johnny Rivers after the Mississippi River that flows through Baton Rouge. Freed also helped Rivers score some recording contracts on the Gone label. From March 1958 to March 1959, Rivers released three records which did not sell well.
Rivers returned to Baton Rouge in 1959. While playing throughout the American South alongside Southern comedian Brother Dave Gardner, one evening in Birmingham, Rivers met Audrey Williams, the first wife of Hank Williams. He followed her to Nashville, where he recorded two more records. They were not successful either, but Johnny stayed in Nashville as a songwriter and demo singer for $25 a demo. While in Nashville, Rivers worked alongside Roger Miller. By this time Rivers's self-esteem about his singing had diminished. He thought he would never make it as a singer, so writing, not singing, moved to the forefront.
In 1958, Rivers met fellow Louisianan, James Burton, the guitarist at the time in a band led by Ricky Nelson. Burton later recommended one of Rivers's songs, "I'll Make Believe", to Nelson, who went on to record it. In 1961, Rivers went to Los Angeles to meet Nelson, then he moved there and worked as a songwriter and studio musician. In 1963, Rivers's big break came when he filled in for a jazz combo at Gazzarri's, a nightclub in Hollywood where his instant popularity drew heavy crowds of customers.
In 1964 Elmer Valentine gave Rivers a one-year contract to open in his new nightclub, Whisky a Go Go, on Sunset Strip in West Hollywood. The Whisky a Go Go opened only three days before The Beatles song "I Want to Hold Your Hand" entered the Hot 100. And the subsequent British Invasion knocked almost every American artist off the top of the charts. But Rivers was so popular that producer Lou Adler decided to issue Johnny Rivers Live At The Whisky A Go Go. The live album reached #12 and the single "Memphis" reached the US Hit Parade #2 spot  in July 1964. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc. According to Elvis Presley's friend and employee, Alan Fortas, Presley played his friend (Rivers) a test pressing of "Memphis" that Elvis had made but not released. Rivers was impressed, and much to Presley's chagrin, Rivers recorded and released it, even copying the arrangement (Fortas writes: "After that, Johnny was on Elvis's shit list" and was persona non grata from then on). Rivers's version far outsold the Chuck Berry original from August 1959 which stalled at #87 in the US.;
In 1964 and 1965 Rivers continued to record mostly live performances, including Go-Go-style records with melodies featuring folk and blues rock influences including "Maybellene" (another Berry cover), after which came "Mountain of Love", "Midnight Special", "Seventh Son" (written by Willie Dixon), and Pete Seeger's" Where Have All the Flowers Gone?", all of which were hits.
Starting in 1963 Rivers had worked with writers P.F. Sloan and Steve Barri on a theme song for the American broadcast of a British television series Danger Man, which starred Patrick McGoohan. At first Rivers balked at the idea, feeling that he did not have the talent to make a record on an international label, but eventually he relented. The American version of the show, titled Secret Agent, went on the air in the spring of 1965. The theme song became intensely popular and created demand for an expanded single version. Rivers's single of "Secret Agent Man" reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1966. It sold one million copies, achieving gold disc status.
In 1966 Rivers switched gears and began to record ballads characterized by his smooth, soulful voice. And with smooth-sounding background vocalists (mostly women), he produced successful hits such as "Poor Side Of Town", which would be his biggest chart hit and his only #1 record. He also started his own record company, Soul City Records, where he won a Grammy Award as the producer of The 5th Dimension (who recorded "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" and "Wedding Bell Blues" - both #1 hits with Rivers's label). Rivers is also credited with giving songwriter Jimmy Webb a major break, when the 5th Dimension recorded Webb's song "Up, Up, and Away".
Rivers continued to record more hits covering other artists, including "Baby I Need Your Lovin'" (cover of the Four Tops) and "The Tracks of My Tears" (cover of the Miracles), both going Top 10 in 1967. In 1968, Rivers released Realization, a #5 album that included the #14 pop chart single "Summer Rain", written by a former member of The Mugwumps, James Hendricks. The album included some of the psychedelic influences of the time and marked a subtle change in his musical direction, with more thoughtful types of songs, included such ballads as "Look To Your Soul" and "Going Back to Big Sur".
In the 1970s Rivers continued to record more songs and albums that were a success with music critics, but did not sell as well as some of his earlier hits. L.A. Reggae (1972) reached the LP chart as a result of the #6 hit "Rockin' Pneumonia and the Boogie Woogie Flu", a cover version of the Huey "Piano" Smith And The Clowns song. The track became Rivers's third million seller, which was acknowledged with the presentation of a gold disc by the Recording Industry Association of America (R.I.A.A.) on January 29, 1973. Other hits around that time were "Blue Suede Shoes" (cover of Carl Perkins) in 1973, which would reach the top 40 on the Billboard Hot 100, and "Help Me Rhonda" in 1975 (originally a #1 hit for The Beach Boys) on which Brian Wilson helped with back-up vocals. His last Top 10 entry was "Swayin' to the Music (Slow Dancing)" (originally recorded by Funky Kings and written by Jack Tempchin who penned "Peaceful Easy Feeling" and Already Gone" for the Eagles), which reached #10, followed by his last Hot 100 entry, "Curious Mind (Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um)" (cover of Major Lance), both from 1977. He also sang the title song to the late night concert influenced TV show The Midnight Special.
1980s to current
Rivers continued recording into the 1980s (e.g., 1980s Borrowed Time LP), although his recording career decreased. Despite his music not having reached the best seller charts for quite a while, Rivers is still touring, doing 50 to 60 shows a year. Increasingly he has returned to the blues that inspired him initially.
In 1998 Rivers reactivated his Soul City imprint and released Last Train to Memphis.
In all Rivers had nine Top 10 hits on the Billboard Hot 100 and 17 in the Top 40 from 1964 to 1977. In total, he has sold well over 30 million records.
Rivers is one of a small number of performers, such as Paul Simon, Billy Joel, Pink Floyd (from 1975's Wish You Were Here onward), Queen, Genesis (though under the members' individual names and/or the pseudonym Gelring Limited) and Neil Diamond, who have their name as the copyright owner on their recordings (most records have the recording company as the named owner of the recording). This development was spearheaded by the Bee Gees with their $200 million lawsuit against RSO, the largest successful lawsuit against a record company by an artist or group.
- "Louisiana Music Hall Of Fame – Johnny Rivers". Louisiana Music Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-10-31.
- "Johnny Rivers Biography". JohnnyRivers.com. Retrieved 2010-10-31.
- Poore, Billy (1998). Rockabilly: A Forty-Year Journey, p. 101. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 0-7935-9142-2.
- Quisling, Erik, and Williams, Austin (2003). Straight Whisky: A Living History of Sex, Drugs, and Rock 'n' Roll on the Sunset Strip, pp. 19–21. Bonus Books, Inc. ISBN 1-56625-197-4.
- "Cash box: Top 100 singles 1964". Cashbox Magazine. Retrieved 2010-10-31.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. pp. 181, 210 & 319. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Fortas, Alan and Nash, Alanna (1992). Elvis from Memphis to Hollywood, p.228, Aurum Press. ISBN 978-1-84513-322-1.
- "Cash box: Top 100 singles 1963". Cashbox Magazine. Retrieved 2010-10-31.
- Price, Randy. "The 60s Charts". Cash Box Top Singles. Cashbox Magazine. Retrieved January 30, 2010.
- Whitburn, Joel (1998). Billboard Top 10 Charts, 1958–1997. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 148. ISBN 0-89820-126-8.
- "Johnny Rivers Hits". JohnnyRivers.com. Retrieved 2010-10-31.
- "Johnny Rivers – Discography 1964–1969". JohnnyRivers.com. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- "Johnny Rivers – Discography 1970–Present". JohnnyRivers.com. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Johnny Rivers.|
- Johnny Rivers at AllMusic
- Official website biography
- Biography at Classicbands.com