Johnny Young

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For other people named Johnny Young, see Johnny Young (disambiguation).
Johnny Young
Johnny Young.jpg
Background information
Birth name Johnny Benjamin de Jong
Also known as John B Young
Born (1947-03-12) 12 March 1947 (age 67)
Rotterdam, Netherlands
Origin Perth, Western Australia
Genres pop music
Occupations musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, disc jockey, television presenter & producer
Instruments vocals, piano
Years active 1961–present
Labels 7-Teen
Clarion
Festival
L&Y
Calendar
Associated acts The Nomads
The Strangers
Johnny Young & Kompany
Danny's Word

Johnny Young (born Johnny Benjamin de Jong, 12 March 1947) is a Dutch Australian singer, composer, record producer, disc jockey, television producer and host. Originally from Netherlands, his family settled in Perth, Western Australia in the early 1950s. Young had a career in the 1960s as a pop singer and had a number one hit with the double-A-side, "Step Back" and "Cara-lyn" in 1966. As a composer, he penned number one hits, "The Real Thing" and "The Girl That I Love" for Russell Morris, "The Star" for Ross D. Wylie and "I Thank You" for Lionel Rose. He presented and produced the popular television show, Young Talent Time, which screened on Network Ten from 1971 to 1988 – it launched the careers of teen pop stars Jamie Redfern, Debra Byrne, Dannii Minogue and Tina Arena – typically each episode closed with a sing-along rendition of The Beatles song "All My Loving".

On 9 March 1990, Young was inducted into the TV Week Logie Awards' Hall of Fame. On 27 October 2010, he was inducted into the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) Hall of Fame by Arena who performed his song, "The Star". He is the first, and so far only, person to be inducted in both halls.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Johnny Young was born as Johnny Benjamin de Jong on 12 March 1947 in Rotterdam, The Netherlands.[A] He was conceived as a result of an affair between his mother, Anna W (20 July 1913 – 1989) and a musician.[1][2] He was raised as the youngest son of Anna and her husband Fokke Jan de Jong (22 March 1914 – 1989), who was in the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army and served in Indonesia after World War II.[1][2] His half-siblings are Cornellia (born 13 February 1936), Antonia (born 22 August 1937) and Ferdinand (born 13 November 1944).[1][2] Their father was still in Indonesia until Young was two years old.[2] The family migrated to Western Australia and settled in the Perth Hills suburb of Kalamunda, in the early 1950s.[3] Fokke worked as a welder on industrial projects including Kwinana Oil Refinery. His mother was in a choir and inspired his early interest in music.[4]

Anna took Young to Saturday morning radio shows for children and he would sing along. He performed solo songs wearing a specially made jacket. After leaving school, he worked as a trainee disc jockey and started singing at local dances.[3] From the age of 14, for 18 months he was lead vocalist of The Nomads, later known as The Strangers (not the Melbourne group, The Strangers),[3][4] which consisted of Young, John Eddy (guitar), Warwick Findlay (drums), Don Prior (bass guitar) and Tony Summers (guitar).[5]

Pop singer[edit]

At eighteen-years-old, Young was host of TVW-7 Perth television pop music show Club Seventeen in early 1965.[3] As Johnny Young & the Strangers he released two singles, "Club Seventeen"/"Oh Johnny, No" and "No Other Love"/"Heigh Ho", both on the 7-Teen label.[3][6] Young then signed with Clarion Records, a Perth based label run by Martin Clarke.[3] In an interview Clarke said "We just got together and he said he wanted to make a national hit and branch out, he was very ambitious." Clarke, armed with his recordings of Young, went to Sydney and secured a deal with Festival Records to have the Clarion label manufactured and distributed throughout Australia.[7]

The following year he formed Johnny Young & Kompany, as lead vocalist he was backed by Eddy (guitar), Findlay (drums), Summers (guitar) and Jim Griffiths (bass).[3] After performing as supporting act to The Easybeats in early 1966, Young recorded "Step Back", which was co-written by The Easybeats' members Stevie Wright and George Young (no relation).[3] The single was released in May 1966 as a double-A-side with his cover version of "Cara-Lyn", originally by The Strangeloves.[8] The release peaked at number one on the Go-Set National Top 40 in November.[9] It was one of the biggest-selling Australian singles of the 1960s, behind Normie Rowe's "Que Sera Sera"/"Shakin' All Over". In October, his EP Let It Be Me went to number four on Go-Set National Top 40.[9]

Johnny Young & Kompany moved to Melbourne in mid-1966, Mick Wade (ex-The Vibrants) joined on guitar and organ.[3] Young was interviewed by Go-Set writer, Ian "Molly" Meldrum for their 13 July issue.[10] Later that year Young compered the short-lived television pop show Too Much and in 1967 he hosted The Go!! Show, following the resignation of Ian Turpie.[6] In January the band released covers of the Everly Brothers' hits "When Will I Be Loved?" /"Kiss Me Now" as another double-A-sided single which peaked at number three.[9] He disbanded Kompany to go solo and supported Roy Orbison, The Walker Brothers, The Mixtures and The Yardbirds at the Festival Hall, Melbourne on Australia Day (26 January).[3][6] While touring in Brisbane he met Barry Gibb of The Bee Gees and provided Gibb with airfare to Sydney for a television spot.[6] Another hit for Young was his slower version of The Beatles' track "All My Loving" which reached number four nationally in May; it later became his signature song.[9][11]

Young won a Logie for 'Best Teenage Personality' in 1967 for his work on The Go!! Show.[12] On 9 August Go-Set published its annual pop poll and Young was voted third 'Most Popular Male' behind Ronnie Burns and Rowe.[10] However the show was axed by mid-year and he relocated to London where he shared a flat with Gibb. In July, he released "Lady", written by Gibb especially for him, which reached the Top 40.[6][9] "Craise Finton Kirk", written by Barry and Robin Gibb, was released in August and peaked at number 14.[6][9] It was followed by "Every Christian Lion Hearted Man Will Show You", written by Barry, Robin and Maurice Gibb, but did not chart.[6][9] Young briefly returned to Perth in September and teamed up with drummer Danny Finley (ex-MPD Ltd), they both flew to London to form Danny's Word with Rob Alexander on guitar, Mike Manners on organ and Peter Piper on bass guitar.[6] Young returned to Australia in January 1968 and released, "Unconscientious Objector".[3] In April he became a drive time radio DJ for Melbourne's 3XY and released his last Top 40 single, "It's a Sunny Day".[3] Subsequent singles did not reach the Top 40, Young became a news and gossip writer for Go-Set from December 1968 to August 1969.[10]

Songwriter[edit]

While sharing a flat with Barry Gibb in London in late 1967, Young was encouraged to write songs, Gibb taught him that "there are no rules in song-writing, there is a structure, but what you need to do is find the 'hook', and it could be in the melody, the chorus, the words or even an identifiable riff, and that can be the difference in writing a hit record."[4] During 1968, back in Australia, Young wrote "The Real Thing" as a reaction against Coca-Cola's jingle, "Coke is the real thing", with the idea that it would be a ballad for his friend and fellow pop star Burns. Young was practising the song in a dressing room during taping of TV pop music show, Uptight, when fellow Go-Set writer, Meldrum, heard it. Meldrum was also manager for a newly solo artist, Russell Morris (ex-Somebody's Image), and wanted the song. Morris recorded the song with Meldrum producing, it became a seminal Australian psychedelic pop song in 1969. It peaked at number one in May and was number one on Go-Set Top Records for the Year of 1969.[13] It was later covered by Kylie Minogue and by Midnight Oil. Young's next song for Morris, "The Girl That I Love", was released as a double-A-side with "Part Three into Paper Walls" (co-written by Morris and Young) and reached number one in October.[4][14]

TV pop music show, Uptight, was hosted by Ross D. Wylie who recorded the Young-penned, "The Star" – it was later covered by Herman's Hermits as "Here Comes the Star" – which replaced "The Girl That I Love" at number one in November.[15][16] It had been written to describe the loneliness associated with fame in show business.[4] Young also wrote and produced hits for Burns including "Smiley", which peaked at number two in February 1970.[17] It described their mutual friend, Rowe, who had been conscripted to serve in the Vietnam War.[6] Rowe recorded his own version on Missing in Action (2007). Young wrote "I Thank You" for former boxing champion Lionel Rose which reached number one in March.[6][18] It was used by comedy duo, Roy and HG, for their calls of football grand finals in the 1990s.[6] On 11 July 1970, Go-Set pop poll voted Young as most popular 'Composer' of the year and in 1971 he finished second behind Morris.[10]

Young Talent Time[edit]

In 1970, Young formed a production company with Kevin Lewis (former Festival Records executive), Lewis-Young Productions, which developed the pop music television show Happening '70 – hosted by Wylie – for the ATV-0 channel, it was subsequently followed by Happening '71 and Happening '72. Lewis-Young Productions also developed Young Talent Time from April 1971, a children's variety show and talent quest with Young as host. Regular cast members were known as the Young Talent Team, the show was a launching pad for several Australian performers including Jamie Redfern, Debra Byrne, Dannii Minogue and Tina Arena. The directors were Garry Dunstan and Terry Higgins. Each episode typically ended with Young and the team singing "All My Loving" as a lullaby. Young established the Johnny Young Talent School for performance arts in 1979, some of its students became contestants and regulars on Young Talent Time. 2004 Australian Idol runner-up Anthony Callea trained with the school, as did the 2008 winner, Wes Carr.[6]

As well as producing the television series, Lewis-Young Productions distributed related merchandise including records on their own label (L&Y), books and magazines, a board game and a set of chewing gum cards.[19] In 1972, Caravan Holiday, a short film, featured the original six Young Talent Team members plus two recently recruited new members, Greg Mills(later to be musical director in last years of YTT) and Julie Ryles (who died in early 2011) with cameos by pop star Johnny Farnham and long term judge Evie Hayes. Young was cast in multiple roles as a Service Station Attendant, Farmer, Speed Boat Attendant and Camping Park Manager.[20]

In 1989, Ten Network (formerly ATV-0), axed Young Talent Time quoting poor ratings against the popular variety series Hey Hey Its Saturday. Young had committed to building his own television studios to film Young Talent Time and was forced to sell his family home to finance the debts.[6] During the year his stepfather died and, with his mother, he tracked down his biological father. Soon after his mother also died, and his marriage was in trouble.[2] On 9 March 1990, Young was inducted into the TV Week Logie Awards' Hall of Fame for "an outstanding and sustained contribution to Australian television."[21]

From 24 October 2006, weekly magazine New Idea featured articles on Byrne's autobiography, Not Quite Ripe, which alleged that from the age of 12 she was introduced to sex, drugs and alcohol on Young Talent Time.[22][23] The claims were vigorously denied by Young, he stated that Byrne was already 14 when she started and that drugs were not available on set, "Any drug-taking Debra did, she certainly didn't do it on our show."[23][24] He said no-one on the show was aware of her affair with "Michael", a boom operator ten years her senior. According to Byrne the pair had run off together for a weekend when she was 15.[23][24] A producer for the show had "Michael" replaced as boom operator.[24] Byrne also claimed that her parents knew of her relationship with "Michael".[22][23]

In 2009, Young indicated that he was in talks with Network Ten to create an updated version of Young Talent Time. The new series will launch in early 2012 and will be hosted by Rob Mills, with Young serving as executive producer and judge.[25][26]

Philippines controversy[edit]

In the early 1990s, Young learned that Terry Higgins, a former Young Talent Time studio director, had contracted HIV.[6] By 1993, Young had financially supported Higgins who sought alternative ozone therapy. Young was arrested in the Philippines under charges of involvement in running an illegal AIDS clinic after accompanying Higgins there. Young was tested for AIDS and threatened with deportation. Subsequently all charges were dropped, but Young's public image was damaged by media coverage of rumours regarding his sexuality. ABC Television produced an episode on Australian Story in February 2000 in which he discussed the events and their effect on his life and career.[2] A year after seeking the ozone therapy, Higgins died with Young still supporting him.[6]

Later career[edit]

After Young Talent Time, Young continued in entertainment, he worked as a radio disc jockey and occasionally performed live. In 1999 he produced Cavalcade of Stars for Foxtel including repackaging segments of Young Talent Time and showcasing new Australian bands.[6] On 24 December he married Rose McKimmie and they lived in a rural cottage in Victoria.[2]

In December 2000, Young relocated to Perth to become the breakfast host on Perth AM station 6IX. During 2001 to 2004, he periodically performed with Rowe, Buddy England (ex-The Seekers, The Mixtures) and Marcie Jones (Marcie and The Cookies) as the 'Legends of Sixties Rock' at venues across Australia – all four had appeared on The Go-Show.[6][10] While living in Perth, Young established a new outlet for his Johnny Young Talent School franchise. In 2001, the 30th anniversary of Young Talent Time was celebrated by Network Ten with a special documentary, Young Talent Time Tells All, which was followed on 4 November by a reunion party for former cast members.[6] Young attended with his daughter Anna – who had appeared on the show. Back in Perth, Young hosted The Pet Show on ABC television in 2006.

On 27 October 2010, Johnny Young was inducted into the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) Hall of Fame.[27][28] On news of his impending induction Young said "I have always felt like the luckiest kid on the block to be able to continue working in the music industry for 50 years in so many areas when basically I am just a rock and roller. To receive this honour is the cherry on an amazing cake. I am very grateful to all those who supported and encouraged me."[29] Young was inducted by Tina Arena, a former Young Talent Team member, who performed his song, "Here Comes the Star" as a musical tribute.[28][30] Contemporary pop group, Short Stack performed Young's version of "Cara-Lyn"[31]

Personal life[edit]

Young was raised as the son of Fokke Jan de Jong and his wife Anna, they already had three children Cornelia, Antonia and Ferdinand. His mother had an affair while her husband was stationed in Indonesia, Young's biological father was a singer. When Young was in his 40s he met him and found that he had three other half-siblings.[2] His first marriage, from early 1970s, was to Kathy and they had two daughters.

Both his mother and step-father died in 1989 and his marriage to Kathy ended by 1995. Young married Rose McKimmie on 24 December 1999 in Bali, they lived in a cottage about an hour-and-half from Melbourne.[2] Young has three children, Craig, Anna and Fleur; seven grand children, 2 boys and 5 girls; and one great grand daughter.

Anna is a singing and dancing teacher for seniors at The Johnny Young Talent School after studying at Melbourne Conservatorium of Music and performing in musical theatre.

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

  • Young Johnny (Johnny Young & Kompany) – Festival (1966)
  • Johnny Young's Golden LP (Johnny Young & Kompany) – Clarion (MCL 32124) (1966)
  • It's a Wonderful World – Clarion (MCL 32234) (1967)
  • Surprises – Clarion (MCL 32752) (1968)
  • The Young Man and His Music – Festival (L 34343) (1971)
  • A Musical Portrait – L&Y (L 25071) (1973)
  • The Best of Johnny Young – Calendar (L-15086) (1974)

EPs[edit]

  • Let It Be Me (Johnny Young & Kompany) – Clarion (MCX 11205) (1966)
  • Kiss Me Now (Johnny Young & Kompany) – Clarion (MCX 11246) (1966)
  • All My Loving – Clarion (MCX 11251) (April 1967)
  • Craise Finton Kirk – Clarion (MCX 11379) (1968)

Singles[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Album
Go-Set
[9]
KMR
[32][33]
1965 "Club Seventeen" / "Go Johnny Go" (Johnny Young & the Strangers)[I] 'Non-album single'
"Heigh Ho" / "No Other Love" (Johnny Young & the Strangers)[II]
1966 "Step Back" / "Cara-Lyn" (Johnny Young & Kompany)[III] 1[34] 2 Young Johnny
"Let It Be Me" (Johnny Young & Kompany) 4[35] 4 Let It Be Me EP'
"When Will I Be Loved?" / "Kiss Me Now" (Johnny Young & Kompany) 3[36] 4 Kiss Me Now EP'
1967 "All My Loving" 4[37] 9 All My Loving EP'
"Lady" / "Good Evening Girl" 33[38] 37 It's a Wonderful World
"Craise Finton Kirk" 14[39] 25 Craise Finton Kirk EP'
"Every Christian Lion Hearted Man Will Show You" Surprises
"Wonderful World"
"Unconscientious Objector"
1968 "Remember Me If You Please" 'Non-album single'
"It's a Sunny Day" 31[40] 29
"Mrs. Willoughby"
1969 "A Love Song"
1972 "Reach for the Sun" 80 The Young Man and His Music
1973 "Just Another Rock and Roller" 66 A Musical Portrait
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that country.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^For name as Johnny B De Jong see National Archives of Australia, Australian Netherlands Migration Agreement, item No. A2478, DE JONG FJ/BOX 176.[1] For Johnny B De Jong is same as Johnny Young and for middle name as Benjamin see Australian Story interview transcript.[2] For birth date as 12 March 1947 see A2478.[1] However, Australian Story has birth date as 11 March 1947.[2] Other sources give birth year as 1945.[3][6] For birthplace as Netherlands see A2478.[1] For Rotterdam see Australian Story.[2] Other sources give Indonesia as birth country.[3][41]


I.^ "Club Seventeen" / "Go Johnny Go" was released by Johnny Young & the Strangers on 7 Teen label (CST 001) as a double-A-sided single in January 1965 in Perth.[6]
II.^ "Heigh Ho" / "No Other Love" was released by Johnny Young & the Strangers on 7 Teen label (CST 002) as a double-A-sided single in March 1965 in Perth.[6]
III.^ "Step Back" / "Cara-Lyn" was released by Johnny Young & Kompany on Clarion label by Festival Records (MCK 1359) as a double-A-sided single in May 1966 in Perth.[6]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c d e f "Item details for: A2478, De Jong F J". RecordSearch. National Archives of Australia (Government of Australia). Retrieved 8 October 2010. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "The Young One – Program transcript". Australian Story. Ben Cheshire (producer, researcher). ABC Television. 10 February 2000. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n McFarlane 'Johnny Young' entry. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e Marner, Annette (19 May 2006). "Johnny Young". ABC South Australia. Retrieved 8 October 2010. 
  5. ^ "Johnny Young and Strangers reform". WA TV History. Western Australian TV. 31 July 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Kimball, Duncan (2002). "Johnny Young". Milesago: Australasian Music and Popular Culture 1964–1975. Ice Productions. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  7. ^ "Martin Clarke – Clarion Records". Showworld.com.au. Show World Corporation Pty Ltd. Retrieved 8 October 2010. 
  8. ^ Nuttall, Lyn. ""Cara-Lyn" – Johnny Young & Kompany". Where Did They Get That Song?. PopArchives.com.au. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "Go-Set search engine results for "Masters Apprentices"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 30 August 2009.  NOTE: Go-Set published its national charts from October 1966 until August 1974
  10. ^ a b c d e Kent, David Martin (September 2002). The place of Go-Set in rock and pop music culture in Australia, 1966 to 1974 (PDF). Canberra, ACT: University of Canberra. pp. ix, 5, 28, 51, 226, 233, 234, 255–264.  Note: This PDF is 282 pages.
  11. ^ Nuttall, Lyn. ""All My Loving" – Johnny Young (1967)". Where Did They Get That Song?. PopArchives.com.au. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "The 9th Annual TV Week Logie Awards (1967)". TV Week. ninemsn (PBL Media, Microsoft). 10 April 1967. Archived from the original on 31 August 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  13. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed. "Go-Set search engine results for "The Real Thing"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  14. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed. "Go-Set search engine results for "Girl That I Love"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  15. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed. "Go-Set search engine results for "The Star"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  16. ^ ""The Star" – Ross D Wylie (1969)". Where Did They Get That Song?. PopArchives (Lyn Nuttall). Retrieved 20 November 2010. 
  17. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed. "Go-Set search engine results for "Smiley"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  18. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed. "Go-Set search engine results for "I Thank You"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  19. ^ Nicholson, Dennis Way. "Young Talent Time". Australian Television Memorabilia Guide. Nodette Enterprises Pty Ltd. Retrieved 10 October 2010. 
  20. ^ "Young talent time : the collection". Trove. National Library of Australia. 2003. Retrieved 10 October 2010. 
  21. ^ "The Hall of Fame Logie". TV Week. ninemsn (PBL Media, Microsoft). Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  22. ^ a b Edmonds, Mike (27 October 2006). "Byrne 'wrong' on sex, drugs". Herald Sun (The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd (News Corporation)). Retrieved 8 October 2010. 
  23. ^ a b c d Whiting, Frances (4 November 2006). "Debria Byrne". The Courier-Mail (News Limited (News Corporation)). Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  24. ^ a b c Whiting, Frances (5 January 2007). "Johnny Young breaks silence". PerthNow (News Limited (News Corporation)). Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  25. ^ "Bring back old Young Talent Time". Sydney Confidential. The Daily Telegraph. News Corporation. 31 October 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2010. 
  26. ^ TEN 2012 Programming Launch | TV Tonight
  27. ^ Cashmere, Paul (26 September 2010). "The Church, Models, Johmmy Young, John Williamson, The Loved Ones for Hall of Fame". Music, News, Entertainment. Undercover (Cashmere Media Pty Ltd). Retrieved 27 September 2010. 
  28. ^ a b Australian Association Press (AAP) (28 October 2010). "Old talent time: ARIA honours music legends". Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). Retrieved 28 October 2010. 
  29. ^ Parker, Evelyn (27 September 2010). "Inductees into the 2010 ARIA Hall of Fame and RocKwiz presentation announced!". Australasian Performing Right Association | Australasian Mechanical Copyright Owners Society (APRA|AMCOS). Retrieved 28 September 2010. 
  30. ^ McCabe, Kathy (11 October 2010). "Tina Arena's tribute to Young Talent Time mentor Johnny Young". Herald Sun (The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd (News Corporation)). Retrieved 11 October 2010. 
  31. ^ Treuen, Jason (28 October 2010). "ARIA Hall of Fame celebrates music's loved ones". The Music Network (Peer Group Media). Retrieved 29 October 2010. [dead link]
  32. ^ Kent, David (2005). Australian Chart Book 1940–1969. Turramurra, NSW: Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd. ISBN 0-646-44439-5.  Note: Chart positions back calculated by Kent in 2005.
  33. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.  Note: Used for Australian Singles and Albums charting from 1974 until ARIA created their own charts in mid-1988. In 1992, Kent back calculated chart positions for 1970–1974.
  34. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed (2 November 1966). "Step Back". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  35. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed (14 December 1966). "Let It Be Me". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  36. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed (15 February 1967). "When Will I Be Loved". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  37. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed (3 May 1967). "All My Loving". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  38. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed (2 August 1967). "Lady". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  39. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed (4 October 1967). "Craise Fenton Kirk". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  40. ^ Nimmervoll, Ed (11 September 1968). "It's a Sunny Day". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  41. ^ Hughes, Andrew (1 January 2002). The Bee Gees: Tales Of The Brothers Gibb. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-85712-004-5. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  42. ^ "Who's who of Australian rock / compiled by Chris Spencer, Zbig Nowara & Paul McHenry". catalogue. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 6 October 2010.  Note: [on-line] version established at White Room Electronic Publishing Pty Ltd in 2007 and was expanded from the 2002 edition. As from September 2010, the on-line version appears to have an 'Internal Service Error'.

External links[edit]