Johnny the Fox
|Johnny the Fox|
|Studio album by Thin Lizzy|
|Released||16 October 1976|
|Recorded||London, August 1976|
|Genre||Hard rock, blues rock|
|Label||Vertigo (UK, Canada)
|Thin Lizzy chronology|
Johnny the Fox is the seventh studio album by Irish band Thin Lizzy, released in 1976 (see 1976 in music). This album was written and recorded while bassist/vocalist Phil Lynott was recovering from a bout of hepatitis that put him off the road halfway through the previous Jailbreak tour. "Don't Believe a Word" was a British hit single.
Once Lynott had returned to the UK from the aborted US tour in June 1976, when they had been scheduled to support Rainbow, he spent time in hospital in Manchester recovering from hepatitis. He had an acoustic guitar with him and wrote the songs for Johnny the Fox during June and July, with one outing to play a gig at Hammersmith Odeon on 11 July. After his release from hospital, Lynott joined the other members of the band and travelled to Munich in August to record the album at Musicland Studios with producer John Alcock. Alcock has said that the decision to record outside the UK was for tax reasons.
Early in the recording process, it became clear that neither the band nor the production team were happy with the studios or the recording process, and they experienced particular trouble obtaining a satisfactory drum sound. Lynott was still finishing the songwriting and, according to Alcock, the band were arguing about musical direction. On 6 August, they abandoned the sessions and returned to Ramport Studios in Battersea (where the previous Jailbreak album had been recorded), and Olympic Studios in Barnes, London. Guitarist Brian Robertson has said that there was plenty of material from which to choose for the album, up to eight or nine tracks apart from the ten that appeared on the final album. However, Alcock claims that the album suffered because Lynott needed more time to finish the songs, and that some tracks, like "Boogie Woogie Dance", were not strong enough to make the album.
Lynott and Robertson also clashed over musical differences, such as the composition of "Don't Believe a Word". When Lynott first played the song in a slow 12-bar blues format, Robertson claimed it was "shite" and Lynott disappeared for a few days. Robertson then felt that he may have been a little harsh about the song, and he and drummer Brian Downey decided to rework it. Downey devised a faster shuffle rhythm, and Robertson wrote the guitar riff, and Lynott was pleased with the outcome when he returned to the studio. Robertson was annoyed when the song was released, credited solely to Lynott, as he felt that all three members should have been credited. The original bluesy arrangement was subsequently recorded by Lynott and Gary Moore on Moore's Back on the Streets album in 1978, and later appeared on Thin Lizzy's 1983 live album Life. Johnny the Fox proved to be the last Thin Lizzy album on which Robertson featured as a full member of the band, as the personality clashes between him and Lynott resulted in Robertson being sacked, reinstated, and later sacked again.
Robertson also co-wrote a song with Lynott, "Borderline", for which he did receive a writing credit. He later revealed that the song was written about a girlfriend: "I was really in love, [but] she hated me. I was extremely down when I wrote it." Alcock confirmed that Robertson had significant lyrical input on this track, and that the band's other guitarist Scott Gorham had similar influence on the lyrics for "Sweet Marie".
According to Robertson, Lynott wrote "Rocky" with him in mind. John Alcock has stated that "Massacre" was written in the studio. The lyric for the song came after Lynott was visited in hospital by a Protestant clergyman, and Catholic Lynott grew uptight and became defensive. Later he regretted his reaction, and wrote the lyric condemning religious prejudice. "Fools Gold" was inspired by the Irish Potato Famine of 1845–1852. The lyric imagines Irish people travelling to America to escape the famine and start a new life.
The album also included two tracks with the name "Johnny" in their titles as well as the album title itself, a character by that name having already appeared in earlier songs such as "Showdown" and "The Boys Are Back in Town". Gorham noted the name's proliferation: "Phil should've been this guy's publicity agent, as he was cropping up everywhere!"
Phil Collins of Genesis was brought in to contribute some percussion to one or more tracks, seemingly because he was a friend of Lynott's. Robertson later said, "Collins was just a mate of Phil's... I think Phil probably just wanted to get him on the album to name-drop." Neither Robertson nor Downey were able to remember which songs Collins played on.
Irish musician Fiachra Trench provided string arrangements, for example on "Sweet Marie", on which he used one bank of violins and two viola sections. Trench also contributed occasional bass guitar, while Kim Beacon of String Driven Thing sang backing vocals. Again, none of the band members could recall which song(s) Beacon appeared on. Robertson claimed that Beacon was only used because Frankie Miller was unavailable.
Thin Lizzy used their usual cover artist, Jim Fitzpatrick, to design the sleeve for Johnny the Fox, but he was asked to provide the finished design before the album was given a title. When Lynott asked him for something Celtic, but not the usual kind of Celtic rock design, Fitzpatrick drew a complicated neo-gothic Celtic border with a disc in the centre, left blank for the title and central design. When the deadline was approaching and he grew desperate to finish it, he asked Lynott for any idea of a title to inspire him. Lynott replied, "Ah, call it Johnny the Fox, that'll do." Fitzpatrick reminded him that there was no track with that title on the album, and Lynott replied, "No-one will notice, Jim. The album will be massive." Fitzpatrick subsequently drew the fox design and added the title. An idea of a cut-out with the fox's head showing through was rejected by the record company.
An earlier Fitzpatrick design had the same border with the figure of a warrior in the centre, but both Lynott and Fitzpatrick felt that the fox represented a sort of "outsider" character, much like the panther on the cover of Thin Lizzy's 1974 album, Nightlife.
Album release and tour
Johnny the Fox was released on 16 October 1976, and reached No.11 in the UK charts. The single "Don't Believe a Word" reached No.12 in the UK and No.2 in Ireland. Thin Lizzy toured the UK during October and November, supported by American band Clover, led by Huey Lewis. The tour was successful enough that an extra date was added at the Hammersmith Odeon in November. There was also a successful appearance on Rod Stewart's BBC TV show in the UK, where Thin Lizzy upstaged their host by playing live, whereas Stewart mimed.
The tour was scheduled to continue in the US in late November, but this was cancelled after Robertson suffered a hand injury in a fight at the Speakeasy Club in London. Robertson's friend Frankie Miller was about to be attacked with a glass bottle by the Gonzalez guitarist Gordon Hunte, and Robertson tried to intervene. The bottle cut his hand, badly damaging an artery and a nerve, preventing him from playing guitar effectively for several months. The tour was postponed until January 1977, when Thin Lizzy began a three-month US tour with Gary Moore standing in for Robertson.
Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic stated that Johnny the Fox fell short in comparison to the previous album, Jailbreak, suggesting that the album veers towards "an odd, half-baked concept album", despite showing the same strengths as its predecessor, i.e. Lynott's lyrics and the group's musical power. Praising "Don't Believe a Word" and "Borderline" as great moments, he said that the album "never falls flat", but is "never quite as gripping as Jailbreak".
The track "Johnny the Fox Meets Jimmy the Weed" features on the Ultimate Breaks And Beats series.
All songs written by Phil Lynott except as indicated.
- "Johnny" – 4:18
- "Rocky" (Brian Downey, Scott Gorham, Lynott) – 3:43
- "Borderline" (Lynott, Brian Robertson) – 4:37
- "Don't Believe a Word" – 2:18
- "Fools Gold" – 3:53
- "Johnny the Fox Meets Jimmy the Weed" (Downey, Gorham, Lynott) – 3:36
- "Old Flame" – 3:05
- "Massacre" (Downey, Gorham, Lynott) – 3:01
- "Sweet Marie" (Gorham, Lynott) – 3:58
- "Boogie Woogie Dance" – 3:06
- "Johnny the Fox Meets Jimmy the Weed" / "Old Flame" – 30 July 1976 (USA only)
- "Don't Believe a Word" / "Old Flame" – 26 November 1976
- In the USA, the B-side was "Boogie Woogie Dance", and in Japan, "Rocky".
- "Rocky" / "Half Caste" (Australia, Canada and the USA only)
- "Rocky" / "Fools Gold" (Spain only)
On 24 January 2011, a new remastered and expanded of Johnny the Fox was released. This new edition is a 2-CD set, with the original album on disc one, and bonus material on disc two.
However, the tracklisting on the back cover is incorrect, as it accidentally lists "Johnny the Fox Meets..." (BBC Session) twice. Also the track listing on the back of the CD booklet is wrong as well. That lists "Don't Believe a Word" three times when only two versions appear. The correct tracklisting is listed below.
It should be noted that only the bonus material on disc two has been remastered in 2010 (despite what it says on the back of the CD booklet). Disc one uses the same remaster as the 1996 edition. New remasters were made, but scrapped at the last minute before the release, for reasons unknown.
- "Don't Believe a Word" (Remixed version)
- "Johnny" (Remixed version)
- "Don't Believe a Word" (BBC Sessions 11/10/1976)
- "Johnny the Fox Meets Jimmy the Weed" (BBC Sessions 11/10/1976)
- "Fools Gold" (BBC Sessions 11/10/1976)
- "Johnny" (BBC Sessions 11/10/1976)
- "Fools Gold" (Instrumental run-through)
- "Johnny the Fox Meets Jimmy the Weed" (Instrumental run-through - extended version)
- "Rocky" (Instrumental run-through)
- "Massacre" (Instrumental take)
- "Scott's Tune" (Instrumental)
- Phil Lynott – bass guitar, vocals, acoustic guitar
- Scott Gorham – lead and rhythm guitar
- Brian Robertson – lead and rhythm guitar
- Brian Downey – drums, percussion
- Fiachra Trench – string arrangements, bass guitar
- Phil Collins – percussion
- Kim Beacon – backing vocals
- Stuart Bailie, "The Ballad of the Thin Man", Boxtree, 1996, pp.117–121
- Alan Byrne, "Thin Lizzy: Soldiers of Fortune", Firefly, 2004, pp.77–83
- Mark Putterford, "Philip Lynott: The Rocker", Castle, 1994, pp.120–128
- Alan Byrne, "Philip Lynott: Renegade of Thin Lizzy", Mentor, 2012
- Ken Brooks, "Phil Lynott & Thin Lizzy: Rockin' Vagabond", Agenda, 2000, pp.64–68
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Johnny the Fox review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2011-06-22.