Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

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The Bloomberg School of Public Health
Bloomberg.logo.small.horizontal.blue.png
Motto Protecting Health, Saving Lives - Millions at a Time[1]
Established 1916
Type Private
Endowment US $360 million (2008)[2]
Dean Michael J. Klag[3]
Academic staff 529 Full-time, 623 Part-time [2]
Students 2,056[2]
Location Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Campus Urban
Website www.jhsph.edu

The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (also referred to as The Bloomberg School or JHSPH) is part of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. As the first independent, degree-granting institution for research and training in public health, and the largest public health training facility in the United States,[4][5][6][7] the Bloomberg School is a leading international authority on the improvement of health and prevention of disease and disability. The school's mission is to protect populations from illness and injury by pioneering new research, deploying its knowledge and expertise in the field, and educating scientists and practitioners in the global defense of human life.[2] The school is ranked first in public health in the U.S. News and World Report rankings and has held that ranking since 1994.[8]

History[edit]

Overview[edit]

Originally named the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, the school was founded in 1916 by William H. Welch with a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation. The school was renamed the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health on April 20, 2001 in honor of Michael Bloomberg (founder of the eponymous media company) for his financial support and commitment to the school and Johns Hopkins University. Bloomberg has donated a total of $1.1 billion to Johns Hopkins University over a period of several decades.

The school is also the founder of Delta Omega (est. 1924), the national honorary society for graduate studies in public health.[9][10] The Bloomberg School is fully accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH).[11]

Origins[edit]

In 1913, the Rockefeller Foundation sponsored a conference on the need for public health education in the United States. Foundation officials were convinced that a new profession of public health was needed. It would be allied to medicine but also distinct, with its own identity and educational institutions.[12] The result of deliberations between public health leaders and foundation officials was the Welch-Rose Report of 1915, which laid out the need for adequately trained public health workers and envisioned an "institute of hygiene" for the United States.[13] The Report, reflected the different preferences of the plan's two architects--William Henry Welch favoured scientific research, whereas Wickliffe Rose wanted an emphasis on public health practice.[14]

In June 1916, the executive committee of the Rockefeller Foundation approved the plan to organize an institute or school of public health at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. The institute was named the School of Hygiene and Public Health, indicating a compromise between those who wanted the practical public health training on the British model and those who favoured basic scientific research on the German model.[15] Welch, the first Dean of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine also became the founding Dean of the first school of public health in the United States.

Legacy[edit]

The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health represents the archetype for formalized public health education in the United States. By 1922, other schools of public health at Harvard, Columbia and Yale had all been established in accordance with the Hopkins model.[16] The Rockefeller Foundation continued to sponsor the creation of public health schools in the United States and around the world in the 1920s and 1930s, extending the American model of the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health to countries such as Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Czechoslovakia, England, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Norway, the Philippines, Poland, Rumania, Sweden, Turkey, and Yugoslavia.[17]

Reputation and Ranking[edit]

The Bloomberg School is the largest school of public health in the world, with 530 full-time and 620 part-time faculty, and 2,030 students from 84 countries.[18] It is home to over fifty Research Centers and Institutes with research ongoing in the U.S. and more than 90 countries worldwide.[19] The School ranks #1 in federal research support from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), receiving nearly 25 percent of all funds distributed among the 40 U.S. schools of public health,[18] and has consistently been ranked #1 among schools of public health by U.S. News & World Report.[8]

Academic Degrees and Departments[edit]

The School offers five Master’s degrees (Master of Public Health - MPH, Master of Science in Public Health - MSPH, Master of Health Science - MHS, Master of Health Administration - MHA, and the Master of Science - ScM) and three Doctoral degrees (Doctor of Philosophy – PhD, Doctor of Public Health – DrPH, and Doctor of Science - ScD),[20] as well as postdoctoral training[21] and residency programs in general preventive medicine and occupational medicine.[22] The School also offers a host of combined[23] and certificate training programs in various areas of public health.[24] The Bloomberg School is composed of ten academic departments:[25]

  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Biostatistics
  • Environmental Health Sciences
  • Epidemiology
  • Health, Behavior and Society
  • Health Policy and Management[26]
  • International Health[27]
  • Mental Health
  • Molecular Microbiology and Immunology
  • MPH Program (School-wide)
  • Population, Family and Reproductive Health
  • Graduate Training Program in Clinical Investigation (JHSPH and JHU School of Medicine collaborative program)

Location[edit]

The Bloomberg School of Public Health is located in the East Baltimore campus of the Johns Hopkins University. The campus, collectively known as the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions[28] (JHMI), is also home to the School of Medicine and the School of Nursing and comprises several city blocks, radiating outwards from the Billings Building of the Johns Hopkins Hospital with its historic dome. The main building on which the school is located is on North Wolfe Street; it has nine floors and features an observation area and a fitness center on the top floor. The Bloomberg School also occupies Hampton House on North Broadway. The school is also serviced by the Welch Medical Library, a central resource shared by all the schools of the Medical Campus. The campus includes the Lowell Reed Residence Hall[29] and the Denton Cooley Recreational Center.[30] Public transportation to and from the campus is served by the Baltimore Metro Subway, local buses, and the JHMI shuttle.[31]

Some Notable Alumni[edit]

Deans of the School[edit]

The official title of the head of the School has changed periodically between Director and Dean throughout the years.[33] Originally the title was Director. In 1931, it was changed to Dean and in 1946 back to Director. In 1958, the title again became Dean. The Deans (Directors) of the Bloomberg School include:

  1. William H. Welch (1916—1927)
  2. William Henry Howell (1927—1931)
  3. Wade Hampton Frost (1931—1934)
  4. Allen W. Freeman (1934—1937)
  5. Lowell Reed (1937—1947)
  6. Ernest L. Stebbins (1947—1967)
  7. John C. Hume (1967—1977)
  8. Donald A. Henderson (1977—1990)
  9. Alfred Sommer (1990—2005)
  10. Michael J. Klag (2005—present)

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ JHSPH.edu
  2. ^ a b c d "The School at a Glance". 
  3. ^ "Michael J. Klag JHSPH Faculty Profile". 
  4. ^ The World Book Encyclopedia, 1994, p. 135.
  5. ^ Education of the Physician: International Dimensions. Education Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates., Association of American Medical Colleges. Meeting. (1984 : Chicago, Ill), p. v.
  6. ^ Milton Terris, "The Profession of Public Health", Conference on Education, Training, and the Future of Public Health. March 22–24, 1987. Board on Health Care Services. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, p. 53.
  7. ^ JSTOR.org
  8. ^ a b "Rankings of Public Health Programs, U.S. News and World Report". 
  9. ^ Deltaomega.org
  10. ^ JHSPH.edu
  11. ^ "Bloomberg School Receives Seven Year Accreditation". 
  12. ^ Gebbie, Kristine, Rosenstock, Linda, & Hernandez, Lyla M. eds. (2003) Who will keep the public healthy?: Educating public health professionals for the 21st century. Washington D.C.: National Academies Press. p. 228
  13. ^ ibid p. 229
  14. ^ ibid p. 228
  15. ^ ibid p. 229
  16. ^ ibid p. 230
  17. ^ ibid.
  18. ^ a b "Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH) Profile". 
  19. ^ "Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Research Map". 
  20. ^ "Schools of Public Health Application Service (SOPHAS): JHSPH Departmental Degrees & Admissions Profile". 
  21. ^ Commprojects.jhsph.edu
  22. ^ JHSPH.edu
  23. ^ JHSPG.edu
  24. ^ JHSPH.edu
  25. ^ JHSPH.edu
  26. ^ JHSPH.edu
  27. ^ JHSPH.edu
  28. ^ "The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions". 
  29. ^ Hopkinsmedicine.org
  30. ^ JHUcooleycenter.com
  31. ^ "JHMI Shuttle Service". 
  32. ^ ACPM.org
  33. ^ Medicalarchives.jhmi.edu

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°17′52″N 76°35′27″W / 39.29785°N 76.590757°W / 39.29785; -76.590757