Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
|Johns Hopkins University
School of Medicine
|Endowment||US$ 1.9 Billion |
|Dean||Paul B. Rothman|
|Academic staff||3,697 |
|Location||Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.|
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSOM), located in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S., is the academic medical teaching and research arm of Johns Hopkins University. Johns Hopkins has consistently been among the nation's top medical schools in the number of research grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health. Its major teaching hospital, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, was ranked the best hospital in the United States every year between 1991 and 2011 and again in 2013 by U.S. News and World Report.
The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is located in the East Baltimore campus of Johns Hopkins University together with the Bloomberg School of Public Health, and the School of Nursing. Known collectively as the "Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions" (JHMI) Campus, it spans several city blocks, radiating outwards from the Billings building of the Johns Hopkins Hospital with its historic dome (cupola). The founding physicians of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine included pathologist William Henry Welch (1850-1934), the first dean of the school and a mentor to generations of research scientists; internist Sir William Osler (1849-1919), sometimes called the “Father of Modern Medicine,” having been perhaps the most influential physician of the late 19th and early 20th centuries as author of The Principles and Practice of Medicine (1892), written at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and published for more than a century; surgeon William Stewart Halsted (1852-1922), who revolutionized surgery by insisting on subtle skill and technique, as well as strict adherence to sanitary procedures; and gynecologist Howard Atwood Kelly (1858-1943), a superb gynecological surgeon often credited with establishing gynecology as a specialty and being among the first to use radium to treat cancer.
The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is affiliated with the Johns Hopkins Hospital, its major teaching hospital, as well as several other regional medical centers, including the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Howard County General Hospital, Suburban Hospital in Montgomery County, Maryland, and Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D.C. Together they form an academic health science center.
For years, Johns Hopkins has been among the nation's top medical schools in the number of competitive research grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health. According to U.S. News and World Report, Johns Hopkins has always ranked in the top 3 research-centered medical schools. Its major teaching hospital, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, was ranked the top hospital in the United States every year from 1991 to 2011 by U.S. News and World Report. Askmen.com ranked an M.D. from Johns Hopkins one of the five most prestigious degrees in the world.
According to the Flexner Report, Hopkins has served as the model for American medical education. It was the first medical school to require its students to have an undergraduate degree and was also the first graduate-level medical school to admit women on an equal basis as men. Mary Elizabeth Garrett, head of the Women's Medical School Fund, was a driving force behind both of these firsts. School founder Sir William Osler became the first Professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins and the Physician-in-Chief at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Osler was responsible for establishing the residency system of postgraduate medical training, where young physicians were required to "reside" within the hospital to better care for their patients.
Upon matriculation, medical students at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine are divided into four Colleges named after famous Hopkins faculty members who have had a major impact in the history of medicine (Florence Sabin, Vivien Thomas, Daniel Nathans and Helen Taussig). The Colleges were established to "foster camaraderie, networking, advising, mentoring, professionalism, clinical skills, and scholarship." Students are assigned to faculty advisors within their colleges. Each advisor has a group of five students from each of the four years. They instruct these same five students in 'Clinical Skills', a core first-year course, and continue advising them throughout their 4 years of medical school. Every year, the Colleges compete in the “College Olympics.”
The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is led by Ronald J. Daniels, the president of Johns Hopkins University, Paul Rothman, CEO and dean of the medical faculty, and Ronald R. Peterson, president of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and health system. The CFO of Johns Hopkins Medicine is Richard A. Grossi, who is also the Senior Associate Dean for Finance and Administration and executive vice president of Johns Hopkins Medicine.
Vice deans preside over specific administrative task areas. The vice deans are: William A Baumgartner, Vice Dean for Clinical Affairs; Janice E. Clements, Vice Dean for Faculty Affairs; Landon King, Vice Dean for Research; Daniel E. Ford, Vice Dean for Clinical Investigation; David G. Nichols, Vice Dean for Education; and David Hellmann, Vice Dean for the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center. The dean's office also includes over twenty administrators in the position of associate or assistant dean.
- Carol Greider – Faculty, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2009
- Oliver Smithies – Faculty, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2007
- Richard Axel – MD 1971, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2004
- Peter Agre – MD 1974, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2003
- Paul Greengard – PhD 1953, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2000
- David Hubel – Assistant resident, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1981
- Torsten Wiesel – Faculty, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1981
- Hamilton O. Smith – Faculty, MD 1956, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1978
- Daniel Nathans - Faculty, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1978
- Haldan Keffer Hartline – MD 1927, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1967
- Francis Peyton Rous – MD, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1966
- Joseph Erlanger – MD 1899, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1944
- Herbert Spencer Gasser – MD 1915, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1944
- George Richards Minot – Assistant in Medicine, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1934
- George Hoyt Whipple – MD 1905, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1934
- Thomas Hunt Morgan – PhD 1890, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1933
Notable past and present Faculty/Alumni
- John Jacob Abel – Pharmacologist
- John Shaw Billings – Civil War surgeon, pioneering leader in hygiene
- Alfred Blalock – Developed field of cardiac surgery
- Max Brödel – Acclaimed medical illustrator
- William R. Brody – Radiologist, President of the Salk Institute, former President of Johns Hopkins University
- Ben Carson – Pediatric Neurosurgeon, awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
- Denton Cooley – Renowned Cardiovascular surgeon
- Harvey Cushing – Father of modern neurosurgery
- Walter Dandy – Neurosurgeon
- William Halsted – Father of modern surgery
- John Eager Howard – Endocrinologist
- Kay Redfield Jamison – Psychologist and Psychiatry professor
- Leo Kanner – Father of child psychiatry
- Howard Kelly – Gynecologist
- Albert L. Lehninger – Biochemist
- Paul McHugh – Psychiatrist
- Victor McKusick – Developed field of medical genetics
- Adolf Meyer – Psychiatrist
- Vernon Mountcastle – Neuroscientist
- William Osler – Father of modern medicine
- Wilder Penfield - Pioneer of epilepsy neurosurgery; developed the cortical homunculus
- Peter Pronovost – Anesthesiologist, MacArthur Fellow
- Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa – Neurosurgeon
- Dorothy Reed Mendenhall – Pathologist
- Florence Sabin – Anatomist
- Solomon H. Snyder – Neuroscientist
- Helen Taussig – Pediatric cardiologist
- Vivien Thomas – Helped develop Blalock-Taussig Shunt
- Thomas Turner - Microbiologist, JHUSM Dean 1957-68, Archivist
- Bert Vogelstein – Molecular oncologist
- David B. Weishampel – Paleontologist, author of The Dinosauria 2004
- William H. Welch – Pathologist
- Hugh Hampton Young – Urologist
- Elias Zerhouni – Radiologist, former Director of the NIH
In popular culture
- In the Fox television program House M.D., Dr. Gregory House is a world-famous diagnostician who attended Johns Hopkins University for his undergraduate degree and, later, medicine, but was expelled for cheating. Neurologist Dr. Eric Foreman also attended Hopkins.
- In the movie Shutter Island, Dr. John Cawley, the head psychiatrist at the Ashecliff Hospital for the criminally insane, is said to have graduated at the top of his class at Johns Hopkins.
- In the movie Step Brothers, Dr. Robert Doback attends Johns Hopkins for his postgraduate degree. However, this is not good enough for Will Ferrell's character, who says that he "smoked pot with Johnny Hopkins".
- In the television comedy/drama Gilmore Girls the school is mentioned as one of the medical schools the character Paris Geller wants to get accepted to, and eventually is.
- In the television drama Grey's Anatomy, two of the cardiothoracic surgeons Preston Burke and Erica Hahn graduated from Hopkins Med, coming first and second in their class respectively. Arizona Robbins, the Head of Pediatric Surgery, is also a Hopkins Med graduate.
- In the television drama Private Practice, the character Charlotte King is a graduate of Hopkins Med and Amelia Shepherd trained at Hopkins for residency.
- In The Simpsons, Julius Hibbert is a family physician who graduated from Hopkins Med.
- Dr. Hannibal Lecter, from The Silence of the Lambs and other books, completed his residency training at Hopkins.
- The character of Alex Cross, created by author James Patterson, is a graduate of Hopkins Med.
- In The West Wing, President Bartlet's middle daughter Ellie is a student at Hopkins Med.
- Johns Hopkins is mentioned many times in Tom Clancy's novels; Jack Ryan's wife, Cathy, is an ophthalmology professor there.
- The ABC documentary series Hopkins takes a look at the life of the medical staff and students of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Health System. This new series is a sequel to the 2000 ABC special Hopkins 24/7. Both Hopkins and Hopkins 24/7 were awarded the prestigious Peabody Award.
- In the animated television series South Park, Butters Stotch gets sent to Johns Hopkins Hospital for scientific study.
- The movie Something the Lord Made is the story of two men – an ambitious white surgeon, head of surgery at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and a gifted black carpenter turned lab technician – who defied the racial strictures of the Jim Crow South and together pioneered the field of heart surgery.
- Dr. Perry Cox, from the television series Scrubs, attended Johns Hopkins for medical school.
- Melanie Barnett from the television series The Game often discusses how she gave up Johns Hopkins for professional football player boyfriend Derwin.
- In the movie Getting In, an applicant to the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine who is placed on the waitlist is suspected of murdering other wait-listed applicants to clear his way to admission.
- In M*A*S*H episode 8.17 'Heal Thyself' the visiting surgeon, Dr. Newsome (Edward Hermann), shuts up Charles Winchester by disclosing that he is an alumnus of Johns Hopkins.
- Operating Results and Financial Position. Hopkinsmedicine.org (2005-06-30). Retrieved on 2011-11-12.
- "Hopkins Pocket Guide 2007".
- http://health.usnews.com/health-news/best-hospitals/articles/2012/07/16/best-hospitals-2012-13-the-honor-roll U.S. News Best Hospitals: the Honor Roll]. Retrieved on 2012-10-9.
- index. Jhmi.edu. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
- . Retrieved on 2011-11-02.
- Best Graduate Schools | Top Graduate Programs | US News Education. Grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved on 2013-06-24.
- "Most Prestigious Degrees".
- Ludmerer, Kenneth. The Development of American Medical Education from the Turn of the Century to the Era of Managed Care . Accessed July 8, 2007
- Stewart, RW; Barker, AR; Shochet, RB; Wright, SM (2007). "The new and improved learning community at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine resembles that at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry". Medical teacher 29 (4): 353–7. doi:10.1080/01421590701477423. PMID 17786750.
- School of Medicine Deans 2008–2009. Hopkinsmedicine.org. Retrieved on 2011-11-02.
- The Johns Hopkins University – Nobel Prize Winners. Webapps.jhu.edu. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
- Dr. Gregory House played by Hugh Laurie. House M.D. Guide. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
- "Step Brothers Quotes on IMDB".
- "ABC Hopkins".[dead link]
- Abc Documentary “Hopkins” Wins Prestigious Peabody Award. Hopkinsmedicine.org (2009-04-02). Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
- That Squirrel is Nuts (Season 12, Episode 2) – Video Clips. South Park Studios (2008-03-19). Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
- Something the Lord Made – An HBO Film. Hopkinsmedicine.org. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.