Johnson Bayou, Louisiana
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Johnson Bayou is a small community located on the Creole Nature Trail along the Gulf Coast in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, United States, and is named after Daniel Johnson, who came to the area in around 1790. The village is spread across coastal chenieres which were formed by deltaic sedimentation by the shifting of the Mississippi River. This geologic formation,the coastal cheniere , is found only in a few locations across the globe. The Population is near 400.
On October 12, 1886, Johnson Bayou was completely destroyed by the "great storm of 1886;" a storm surge of between seven and twelve feet that swept inland at Johnson Bayou, killing between 50 and 100 people. Between Sabine Pass and Beaumont, thirty miles of track of the Sabine and East Texas Railway, were damaged badly and partly washed away.
It was hit again by Hurricane Audrey in 1957, and yet again by Hurricane Rita on September 24, 2005. On September 13, 2007, Hurricane Humberto made landfall west of Johnson Bayou at High Island, Texas, bringing heavy rains to the community. On September 13 in 2008, Hurricane Ike, a very large and nearly category 3 storm with massive storm surge made landfall on the upper Texas coast, causing extensive damage to the region (NOAA).
Location: 29.7613323 -93.6584918 (29°45'40"N 93°39'30"W). Elevation: 5 to 7 feet (2 m).
The Holleyman Bird Sanctuary/Peveto Woods Bird and Butterfly Sanctuary is located in the community, and is south of the Sabine National Wildlife Refuge. Johnson Bayou is home to four natural gas pipelines, and the future home of one of the largest LNG Terminals in the world. This LNG regasification terminal is being built by Cheniere Energy. http://www.cheniere.com/default.shtml
- 1886 Atlantic hurricane season
- Galveston Daily News, October 14–23, 1886.
- Roth, David. "Louisiana Hurricane History: Late 19th century" – the National Weather Service at NOAA
- Roth, David. "Texas Hurricane History: Late 19th century" – the National Weather Service at NOAA
- Block, W. T. "October 12, 1886: The Night That Johnson's Bayou, Louisiana Died" – the Beaumont Enterprise – October 10, 1979
- Block, W. T. "The Great Storm of 1886" – the Beaumont Enterprise – January 9, 1977
- Block, W. T. "The Romance of Sabine Lake: 1777–1900" – Texas Gulf Historical Society – 1973
- Young, Nancy Beck. "Sabine and East Texas Railway" – Handbook of Texas Online – (accessed September 14, 2007)
- "Louisiana Library Directory." State Library of Louisiana. Accessed September 22, 2008.
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