Lance Corporal Johnson Beharry in July 2007
|Birth name||Johnson Gideon Beharry|
26 July 1979 |
|Years of service||2001–present|
|Unit||Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment|
Lance Sergeant Johnson Gideon Beharry VC (born 26 July 1979) is a British Army soldier who, on 18 March 2005, was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest military decoration for valour in the British and Commonwealth armed forces, for twice saving members of his unit, the 1st Battalion Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment, from ambushes on 1 May and again on 11 June 2004 at Al-Amarah, Iraq. He sustained serious head injuries in the latter engagement. Beharry was formally invested with the Victoria Cross by Queen Elizabeth II on 27 April 2005.
Beharry was born in Grenada, and has four brothers and three sisters. He moved to the United Kingdom in 1999. He is divorced from his first wife Lynthia Beharry, who is also from Grenada. Beharry said, in an official statement released through the Ministry of Defence, that the trauma of his war experiences had caused difficulties in his marriage.
He subsequently remarried in London on 18 March 2013.
Beharry joined the Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment in August 2001. After training at Catterick, he became a driver of Warrior armoured vehicles in C Company, 1st Battalion. Prior to Iraq, he served for six months in Kosovo and three months in Northern Ireland.
Awards and campaign medals
- Victoria Cross for Valour in Iraq
- Kosovo Medal for service in Kosovo
- Iraq Medal for service in Iraq
- Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal presented to all living VC and GC recipients on 29 May 2012
Although Beharry served three months in Northern Ireland, his official MOD photograph does not show him wearing the General Service Medal (1962) (GSM) with Northern Ireland clasp. His service in Northern Ireland may not have been during the general qualifying period for the GSM with Northern Ireland clasp which is a minimum of 30 days' service between 14 August 1969 and 31 July 2007. However, the 30 days' service does not have to be composed of consecutive days. (Beharry's service in Northern Ireland was during the firefighters' strike, he manned a fire tender, as such he was not engaged in the operational nature of service in Northern Ireland and did not qualify for the GSM)
Actions in Iraq
On 1 May 2004, Beharry was driving a Warrior tracked armoured vehicle that had been called to the assistance of a foot patrol caught in a series of ambushes. The Warrior was hit by multiple rocket propelled grenades, causing damage and resulting in the loss of radio communications. The platoon commander, the vehicle’s gunner and a number of other soldiers in the vehicle were injured. Due to damage to his periscope optics, Pte. Beharry was forced to open his hatch to steer his vehicle, exposing his face and head to withering small arms fire. Beharry drove the crippled Warrior through the ambush, taking his own crew and leading five other Warriors to safety. He then extracted his wounded comrades from the vehicle, all the time exposed to further enemy fire. He was cited on this occasion for "valour of the highest order".
While back on duty on 11 June 2004, Beharry was again driving the lead Warrior of his platoon through Al Amarah when his vehicle was ambushed. A rocket propelled grenade hit the vehicle six inches from Beharry's head, and he received serious shrapnel injuries to his face and brain. Other rockets then hit the vehicle, incapacitating his commander and injuring several of the crew. Despite his life-threatening injuries, Beharry retained control of his vehicle and drove it out of the ambush area before losing consciousness. He required brain surgery for his head injuries, and he was still recovering in March 2005 when he was awarded the Victoria Cross.
Citation and first living recipient in over 30 years
The full citation was published in a supplement to the London Gazette of 18 March 2005 and commented, "Private Beharry carried out two individual acts of great heroism by which he saved the lives of his comrades. Both were in direct face of the enemy, under intense fire, at great personal risk to himself (one leading to him sustaining very serious injuries)... Beharry displayed repeated extreme gallantry and unquestioned valour, despite intense direct attacks, personal injury and damage to his vehicle in the face of relentless enemy action."
Beharry is the first recipient of the Victoria Cross since the posthumous awards to Lieutenant Colonel H. Jones and Sergeant Ian John McKay for service in the Falklands War in 1982. He is the first living recipient of the VC since Keith Payne and Rayene Stewart Simpson, both Australian, for actions in Vietnam in 1969, and the first living recipient of the VC in the British Army since Rambahadur Limbu, a Gurkha, in the Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation in 1965. He is one of only nine[nb 1] living recipients of the VC.
As of 23 September 2006, as a result of his injuries, he still had severe pain in his back and head. He continued to be financially supported by the army and was unfit for duty due to the serious nature of his injuries in combat.
In February 2007 his portrait was presented to the National Portrait Gallery in London by the artist Emma Wesley (born the same year as Beharry) and has since become part of the gallery's collection.
On 11 November 2008 Beharry acted as an escort to 110-year-old Harry Patch, then one of only three remaining British survivors of the First World War, at the Cenotaph in London's Whitehall to commemorate the 90th anniversary of the signing of the armistice which ended that conflict. On 11 November 2009, Beharry, and Mark Donaldson – the first recipient of the Victoria Cross for Australia (though not the first Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross) – handed a wreath to the Queen during a service in Westminster Abbey which marked the deaths in 2009 of the last three veterans of the First World War resident in the United Kingdom, Bill Stone, Henry Allingham and Harry Patch. The wreath was then laid on the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior.
In December 2008 he drove his car into a lamppost at 100 mph in a suicide attempt. He escaped unharmed.
On 30 April 2010 Beharry visited Duke of York's Royal Military School to take the salute at Parade and to present the Baroness Thatcher Sword of Honour to the JUO of the winning Guard at Drill Competition. The Sword of Honour was first presented by Baroness Thatcher the previous year. He took time to talk to pupils on Parade and visited the boys of Roberts House.
On 18 September 2005 it was reported in the press that Beharry had obtained a publishing deal worth £1m to write an autobiography of his experiences. His book, entitled Barefoot Soldier, was ghostwritten in collaboration with Nick Cook and was published in October 2006.
In the media
According to The Daily Telegraph, a planned 90-minute drama about Beharry was cancelled by the BBC allegedly because it was too positive and would alienate members of the audience opposed to the war in Iraq.
He spoke out on BBC News on 28 February 2009 criticising the lack of support for ex-servicemen and women suffering from mental health problems, and revealing his own ongoing flashbacks and other symptoms.
From 9 January to 20 March 2011, Beharry competed in the 2011 season of Dancing on Ice. He was partnered with Canadian ice skater, Jodeyne Higgins. He reached the semi-finals, broadcast on 20 March 2011.
- Including one living holder of the Victoria Cross for New Zealand, Willie Apiata, and three living recipients of the Victoria Cross for Australia, Mark Donaldson, Ben Roberts-Smith and Daniel Keighran.
- "VC hero Beharry splits from wife", BBC News, 8 May 2005. Retrieved on 2 June 2009
- "Guests at VC hero Johnson Beharry’s secret wedding ordered to surrender phones". London Evening Standard. 18 March 2013.
- "Private Johnson Gideon Beharry – Victoria Cross", Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), 18 March 2005. Retrieved on 10 January 2010.
- As a serving soldier with more than 5 years service Cpl Beharry would have been entitled to this medal on its regular eligibility criteria.
- "Private Johnson Gideon Beharry – Victoria Cross", Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Retrieved on 13 March 2011.
- The London Gazette: . 18 March 2005. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
- The question — How many people hold the Victoria Cross? (The Guardian, 26 June 2006). Retrieved 19 December 2007
- Daily Telegraph Saturday 23 September 2006
- VC hero Beharry promoted, Daily Telegraph, 26 September 2006
- "MoD should do more to help support Scotland's war veterans", The Scotsman, Tuesday 5 September 2007. Retrieved on 16 November 2014
- Service marks lost WWI generation, BBC, 11 November 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
- Taylor, Matthew (17 May 2010). "Depressed war hero tried to end life after service in Iraq". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- VC hero Beharry made a corporal The Sun, 31 May 2012.
- A hero's journey: Victoria Cross winner carries Olympic Torch through National Memorial site to mark Armed Forces Day
- Iraq VC hero nets £1m deal in publishers’ bidding war (The Sunday Times, 18 September 2005). Retrieved 19 December 2007
- Johnson, Beharry and Cook, Nick. Barefoot Soldier, Little, Brown Book Group, (5 October 2006), ISBN 978-0-316-73321-2
- Hero's tale is 'too positive' for the BBC, Daily Telegraph, 7 April 2007
- Veteran mental care 'a disgrace', BBC, 28 February 2009. Retrieved on 2 March 2009
- A 'great hero' who saved comrades – full citation (BBC News, 18 March 2005)
- Private twice rescued colleagues while under heavy fire in Iraq (The Guardian, 18 March 2005)
- MOD press release (18 March 2005)