Johnson County, Wyoming

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Johnson County, Wyoming
Johnson County Courthouse Wyoming.jpg
Johnson County Courthouse
Map of Wyoming highlighting Johnson County
Location in the state of Wyoming
Map of the United States highlighting Wyoming
Wyoming's location in the U.S.
Founded 1875
Seat Buffalo
Largest city Buffalo
Area
 • Total 4,175 sq mi (10,813 km2)
 • Land 4,154 sq mi (10,759 km2)
 • Water 20 sq mi (52 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 8,569
 • Density 2/sq mi (0.79/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.johnsoncountywyoming.org

Johnson County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Wyoming. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,569.[1] The county seat is Buffalo.[2] Kaycee is the only other incorporated town in the county.

Johnson County lies to the southeast of the Bighorn mountains along Interstate 25 and Interstate 90. The Powder River flows northward through eastern Johnson County.

History[edit]

Johnson County was created on December 8, 1875 as Pease County from parts of Albany, Carbon, and Sweetwater Counties.[3] The county was originally named for Dr. E. L. Pease of Uinta County. In 1879, the county was renamed Johnson, for E. P. Johnson, a Cheyenne attorney.[4]

In 1888, Sheridan County was created from a portion of Johnson County. In 1890, Big Horn County was created from Johnson County along with land from Fremont County and Sheridan County. In 1911, the boundaries of Johnson County and adjacent Crook, Natrona and Weston Counties were adjusted to run along federal land survey lines.

In April, 1892, Johnson County was the scene of the Johnson County War, a range war between large cattle outfits and small stockgrowers.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,175 square miles (10,810 km2), of which 4,154 square miles (10,760 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 637
1890 2,357 270.0%
1900 2,361 0.2%
1910 3,453 46.3%
1920 4,617 33.7%
1930 4,816 4.3%
1940 4,980 3.4%
1950 4,707 −5.5%
1960 5,475 16.3%
1970 5,587 2.0%
1980 6,700 19.9%
1990 6,145 −8.3%
2000 7,075 15.1%
2010 8,569 21.1%
Est. 2012 8,615 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1870-2000[7] 2010-2012[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,569 people residing in the county. 96.5% were White, 1.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.7% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 3.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 24.3% were of German, 17.5% Irish, 10.2% English and 8.8% American ancestry.[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 7,075 people, 2,959 households, and 2,006 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 3,503 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.03% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.55% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. 2.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.0% were of German, 15.2% English, 10.8% Irish and 7.9% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 2,959 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 28.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,012, and the median income for a family was $42,299. Males had a median income of $29,271 versus $20,469 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,030. About 7.20% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Wyoming Department of Health Veteran's Home of Wyoming, an assisted living facility for veterans and their dependents, is located in Buffalo.[10][11] The facility was operated by the Wyoming Board of Charities and Reform until that agency was dissolved as a result of a state constitutional amendment passed in November 1990.[12]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Other communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Long, John H. (2006). "Wyoming: Individual County Chronologies". Wyoming Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  4. ^ Urbanek, Mae (1988). Wyoming Place Names. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Company. ISBN 0-87842-204-8. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of Administration & Information, Division of Economic Analysis. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder"
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ "Veterans' Home of Wyoming." Wyoming Department of Health. Retrieved on December 12, 2010. "Veterans’ Home of Wyoming 700 Veterans’ Lane Buffalo, WY 82834-9402."
  11. ^ "Buffalo city, Wyoming." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  12. ^ "About the Department of Corrections." Wyoming Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°02′N 106°35′W / 44.04°N 106.59°W / 44.04; -106.59