||A major contributor to this article appears to have a close connection with its subject. (November 2014)|
|Type||Public limited company|
|Traded as||LSE: JMAT|
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
|Key people||Tim Stevenson (Chairman)
Robert MacLeod (Chief Executive)
|Products||Emission control catalysts, industrial catalysts, absorbents, precious metal products, process technologies, fine chemicals, active pharmaceutical ingredients, chemical products, medical device components, colours, coatings, fuel cell technology, battery technology|
|Revenue||£11,155.2 million (2014)|
|Operating income||£448.2 million (2014)|
|Net income||£338.7 million (2014)|
Johnson Matthey (LSE: JMAT) is a British multinational speciality chemicals and sustainable technologies company headquartered in the United Kingdom. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and has been a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index since 2002. Today, the company has market capitalisation of over £6 billion with 12,000 employees operating in more than 30 countries.
Johnson Matthey traces its origins to 1817, when Percival Norton Johnson set up business as a gold assayer in London. In 1851 George Matthey joined the business and its name was changed to Johnson & Matthey. The following year the firm was appointed Official Assayer & Refiner to the Bank of England. The company had branches in the cities of Birmingham and Sheffield to supply the jewellery and silverware and cutlery trade with raw materials ancillary supplies, such as silver solder and flux, which it manufactured.
In October 2010 Johnson Matthey acquired InterCAT, a supplier of fluid catalytic cracking additives for the petroleum refining industry, for $56.2 million. Also in 2010 Johnson Matthey opened a new £34 million European emission control catalyst plant in Macedonia, which leveraged its manufacturing technology to produce catalysts for both light- and heavy-duty vehicles.
Johnson Matthey Bankers
In the 1960s Johnson Matthey formed a subsidiary, Johnson Matthey Bankers (JMB), which took its seat in the London Gold Fixing. In the early 1980s the bank expanded its activities outside the bullion business and started making high-risk loans. Bank assets more than doubled between 1980 and 1984, and loans became concentrated to a few borrowers, including Mahmoud Sipra and his El Saeed group, Rajendra Sethia and ESAL Commodities, and Abdul Shamji. The quality of some of these loans turned out to be worse than expected, such as the £21 million lent to Abdul Shamji of Gomba Holdings (the then owner of Puddle Dock and the Mermaid Theatre in London). The size of the loans grew to exceed the level of the bank's capital. (Shamji was sentenced to 15 months in prison for lying about his assets during a High Court inquiry into the bank's collapse.) Because JMB was one of five members of the London Gold Fixing, Bank of England officials were worried that if it became insolvent confidence in the other bullion banks would be undermined, and panic could spread to the rest of the British banking system. To prevent a wider banking crisis the Bank of England organized a rescue package on the evening of 30 September 1984, purchasing JMB for £1. Most of JMB's business was subsequently sold to Mase Westpac.
The company's head office is 25 Farringdon Street, City of London. The principal operating facility in the UK is in Royston in Hertfordshire, with other facilities in Swindon, Edinburgh, Brimsdown in Enfield, Billingham in Teesside and Clitheroe in Lancashire. The UK Technology Centre is based at Sonning Common in Berkshire. In the US the principal site is at West Deptford, New Jersey. The company has operations in more than 30 countries.
Products and activities
Johnson Matthey's principal activities are:
- Manufacturing autocatalysts, heavy duty diesel catalysts and pollution control systems to prevent harmful emissions entering the atmosphere
- Supplying catalysts and technologies for optimising efficiency and conserving natural resource use in chemical processes
- Producing fine chemicals, chemical catalysts and active pharmaceutical ingredients
- Recycling, refining and fabrication of precious metals
- Developing technologies and materials for high performance battery applications, such as powering zero emission vehicles
- Providing catalysts and components for fuel cells
Johnson Matthey is organised into five divisions:
- Emission Control Technologies manufactures catalysts for light and heavy duty vehicles and stationary exhaust emission control and is a supplier of catalytic systems, including Continuously Regenerating Trap (CRT) systems for controlling heavy duty diesel vehicle pollution, which the company commercialised in 1995 and for which it won a MacRobert Award for in 2000. Today, around one third of all cars worldwide are fitted with a Johnson Matthey catalyst.
- Process Technologies supplies catalysts, licenses technologies and delivers other services to the petrochemical, syngas, oil refining and gas processing industries.
- Precious Metal Products manages, distributes, refines and recycles precious metals and fabricates products using precious metals and related materials. Johnson Matthey offers seven metal separation of gold, silver, platinum, palladium, rhodium, iridium and ruthenium. Products include advanced coatings for glass manufacture, catalysts for the production of nitric acid and medical device components.
- Fine Chemicals supplies active pharmaceutical ingredients and catalysis and chiral technologies to the pharmaceutical, fine chemical and agrochemical industries. It is also a globally integrated supplier of research chemicals under the Alfa Aesar brand name.
- New Businesses targets new opportunities in areas adjacent to the company’s current businesses and which align with its core technology competencies. This division includes Johnson Matthey Fuel Cells and Johnson Matthey Battery Technologies.
Johnson Matthey identifies Sustainability as an integral part of its growth strategy and a key driver for its competiveness. In 2013/14 87% of Johnson Matthey’s sales came from products providing sustainability benefits.
The company was one of the first FTSE 100 companies to produce an integrated annual report and won the Best Annual Report in the FTSE 100 in the ICSA Hermes Transparency in Governance Awards in 2012, which recognised how sustainability issues were ‘described in a way that clearly links them to business strategy and performance, rather than leaving them in a silo or on the sidelines.’ 
Sustainability 2017 programme
Johnson Matthey has a formal framework, Sustainability 2017, comprising five elements of sustainability – social, environment, health and safety, governance, financial – and six targets that were set when the programme launched in 2007 and that the company aims to achieve by 2017, the 200th anniversary of its foundation.
In 2007 Johnson Matthey set itself six targets to achieve by 2017.
- At least double earnings per share (achieved in 2013/14)
- Halve carbon intensity
- Achieve zero waste to landfill
- Halve key resources per unit of output
- Achieve zero greater than three day accidents
- Achieve zero occupational illness cases
The Sustainability 2017 programme aims to halve the company’s carbon intensity from a 2007 baseline of 294 tonnes CO2 equivalent / £ million sales to 147 tonnes. In 2013/14 Johnson Matthey reported a reduction in carbon intensity to 149 tonnes CO2 equivalent / £ million sales. As a result of Johnson Matthey’s nitrous oxide abatement catalysts more than 64 million tonnes CO2 equivalent of N2O has been prevented from entering the atmosphere.
In December 2008 US subsidiary Johnson Matthey Inc was fined $2.25 million for a felony violation of the United States Clean Water Act, after admitting to violating the act at its Salt Lake City precious metals refining facility. The violation related to the selective screening of wastewater samples for compliance analysis. Following the charge Johnson Matthey Inc contributed $750,000 to the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and entered a three year compliance agreement with the US Environmental Protection Agency.
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- Johnson Matthey Plc (18 June 2014). Annual Report & Accounts 2014 – Sustainable Technologies for Today and for the Future (Report). Johnson Matthey Plc. p. 10. http://matthey.com/documents/pdfs/2013_14/annual-report/jm-ar-2014.pdf. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
- Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators (2012). Awards Report 2012 – Delivering transparency, changing behaviour (Report). Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators. p. 5. https://www.icsa.org.uk/assets/files/pdfs/guidance/2012PostAwardsReport(1).pdf. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
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- "Utah gold and silver refinery sentenced for Clean Water Act violation". Yosemite.epa.gov. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- Johnson Matthey Plc (2009). Regulatory Matters – Sustainability Report 2008/09 (Report). Johnson Matthey Plc. http://www.matthey.com/Sustainability2009/governance/regulatory-matters.html. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- Official site
- London Stock Exchange profile
- Yahoo! Finance profile
- Johnson Matthey Technology Review
- Johnson Matthey LinkedIn
- Johnson Matthey Twitter