Johor River

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Johor River
Sungai Johor Bridge 2007-07-31 retouched.jpg
Westward looking aerial view of the Johor River estuary at Sungai Johor Bridge. The water body on the right is Lower Layang Reservoir. The tributary on the left is Lebam River (Sungai Lebam)
Origin Mt Gemuruh 1°49′00″N 103°42′00″E / 1.81667°N 103.70000°E / 1.81667; 103.70000
Mouth Strait of Johor 1°27′00″N 104°01′00″E / 1.45000°N 104.01667°E / 1.45000; 104.01667Coordinates: 1°27′00″N 104°01′00″E / 1.45000°N 104.01667°E / 1.45000; 104.01667
Basin countries Malaysia
Length 122.7 km (76.2 mi)
Source elevation 109 m (358 ft)
Mouth elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Avg. discharge 37.5 m3/s (1,320 cu ft/s)
Basin area 2,636 km2 (1,018 sq mi)
River system Johor River
Left tributaries Linggui River; Lebam River
Right tributaries Sayong River; Semengar River; Tiram River

Johor River is the main river in the Malaysian state of Johor. The river is 122.7 km long with a chatchment of 2,636 km²[1] and flows in a roughly north-south direction, originating from Mount Gemuruh and then empties into the Strait of Johor. Its major tributaries are Sayong, Linggui, Tiram and Lebam Rivers. Its banks are also known to be the location of past capitals of Johor. The Sungai Johor Bridge, officially opened in June 2011, is the first bridge to span the river and is currently the longest river bridge in Malaysia.

Water Resources[edit]

The Johor River basin occupies about 14% of the Johor State of Peninsular Malaysia. The river and tributaries are important sources of water supply not only for the state itself but also for neighbouring Singapore. Syarikat Air Johor, SAJ (or Johor Water Company) and the Public Utilities Board of Singapore (PUB) each draws about 250,000 cubic metres/day of water from the Johor River near Kota Tinggi. Both water supply schemes have been operational since the mid-1960s. In addition, the Linggui Dam completed and impounded in 1993 also supplements the water supply to both Johor and Singapore.

Wildlife[edit]

Evidence of the presence of a viable breeding population of dugongs in the waters of the Johor River estuary was collected between 1974 and 1989.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Sungai Johor. URL assessed on 29 September 2012