Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee

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Pakistan Armed Forces
پاک مسلح افواج
State emblem of Pakistan.svg
Emblem
Founded 1947
Service branches Flag of the Pakistan Army Pakistan Army
Naval Jack of Pakistan Pakistan Navy
Ensign of the Pakistan Air Force Pakistan Air Force
Naval Emblem of Pakistan Pakistan Marines
State emblem of Pakistan Paramilitary Forces
Headquarters Joint Staff Headquarters, Rawalpindi
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief President Mamnoon Hussain
Minister of Defence Khawaja Asif
Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Rashad Mahmood
Pakistan Army
Manpower
Military age 16–49 years old
Conscription None
Available for
military service
48,453,305 males, age 16–49 (2010 est.),
44,898,096 females, age 16–49 (2010 est.)
Fit for
military service
37,945,440 males, age 16–49 (2010 est.),
37,381,549 females, age 16–49 (2010 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
2,237,723 males (2010 est.),
2,104,906 females (2010 est.)
Active personnel 617,000 (ranked 7th)
Reserve personnel 550,000 (ranked 15th)
Expenditures
Budget $6.98 billion (2013–14) (ranked 25th)
Percent of GDP 2.7% (2013)
Industry
Domestic suppliers
Foreign suppliers
Annual imports  China,  United States
Related articles
History
Ranks Awards and decorations of the Pakistan Armed Forces

The Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (Urdu: جوانٹ چيفس ﺁف اسٹاف كميٹي; Acronym:JCSC), is an administrative body of senior high-ranking uniformed military leaders of the unified Pakistan Defense Forces who advises the civilian Government of Pakistan, National Security Council, and Defence Minister, President and Prime minister of Pakistan on important military and non-military strategic matters.[1] It is defined by statute, and consists of a Chairman, the military chiefs from Army, Navy and the Air Force: all appointed by the President, on the advice of the Prime minister. The chairman is selected based on seniority and merit from the Chiefs of service of the three branches of the Pakistan Armed and Defense Services. Each service chief, outside of their Joint Chiefs of Staff obligations, performs their duty directly for the Ministry of Defence.[2]

Following the Hamoodur Rahman Commission, the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee does not have operational command authority. Instead, the Joint Chief of Staff Committee is a principal military advisory body, and coordinates command operations between the services.[3] The Committee is headed by the four-star officer who is designated as the Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CJCSC).[3] The chairman is the de Jure Commander in chief of all services of the Pakistan Defense Forces, but he does not have operational authority over combatant forces, which report directly to their Chiefs of Staff.[2]

The Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Secretariat (JCSCS), is headquartered in Rawalpindi near the Pakistan Army Generals Combatant Headquarter (GHQ). The Joint Chief of Staff Committee is composed of all uniformed military personnel from each service, who assist the Chairman to coordinate military efforts.

Historical overview[edit]

During the 1960s, the Pakistan Military grew much larger. During the Indo-Pak 1971 Winter War and the Bangladesh Liberation War, coordinating military efforts between the Air Force, Navy, Marines, and the Army, became increasingly difficult.

Precursors of this body can be found in East Pakistan when Admiral Syed Mohammad Ahsan became the Commander of the Eastern Military High Command of East-Pakistan. Admiral Ahsan was widely credited for improving coordination between the Armed Forces under his command, but before the system evolved completely, Admiral Ahsan resigned from his position amid political differences with the Central Military Government.

The Military government, mostly high-ranking generals, headed the Pakistan Armed Forces in the dual conflict. On important military matters, Air Force, Marines, and Navy, including the Army, weren't taken in confidence, and the joint efforts were unsupported at either a planning or operational level, and were also constrained over disagreements during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and the East Pakistan crises. Due to lack of complete and comprehensive communication, each services blamed the others for operational failures.

In 1974, Former Prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto created the Committee as his Government adopted the recommendations of the White Paper on Higher Defense Reorganization, prepared for Chief Justice Hamoodur Rahman, heading the Hamoodur Rahman Commission. A formal joint committee was established, the membership of which comprised the three services chiefs and the Secretary of the Defense Ministry. As the system evolved, the JCSC became an important tier in March 1976 It consists of a permanent Chairman and the three Chiefs of Staff. It is headed by a four-star officer designated as Chairman.[4] In 1976, General Muhammad Shariff of Pakistan Army was the first of four-star general officer to chair the Committee. As of 2011, there had been fourteen four-star Pakistan military officers who headed the Committee Secretariat. Altogether, there has been twelve were from the army, one from the Air Force, and two from the Navy have served.[3]

The headquarters are known as Joint Staff Headquarters and act as secretariat of JCSC. It is located at Chaklala, Rawalpindi.[4] As of 2013, General Rashad Mahmood is the current serving as Chairman joint chiefs.

Responsibilities[edit]

In peacetime the Chair's main function is to plan the defence of the country.[1] In war the Chairman assumes responsibilities as Principal Staff Officer to assist the Government in the supervision and conduct of war.[4] JCSC is the highest military body for considering all problems bearing on the military aspects of national defence and rendering professional military advice thereon. It is mainly responsible for preparing joint strategic plans and providing strategic direction. It reviews periodically the role, size and shape of the services and advises the Government on related aspects of national defence and security.[1]

Current members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee[edit]

The Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee includes:

Position Name of current officeholder Service
Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Rashad Mahmood Pakistan Army
Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif Pakistan Army
Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt Pakistan Air Force
Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Asif Sandila Pakistan Navy
Secretary of Defence Lieutenant-General Retd Asif Yasin Pakistan Army

Temporary Members of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee:

Position Name of current officeholder Service
Vice Chief of Naval Staff Vice-Admiral Mohammad Shafiq, HI Pakistan Navy
Military Secretary Lieutenant-General Naweed Zaman, HI(M), Pakistan Army
Chief of Staff (COS) Vice-Admiral Mohammad Shafiq, HI(M) Pakistan Navy
Deputy Chief of Air Staff Air-Marshal Waseem-ud-Din Pakistan Air Force
Corps Commander, Army Strategic Forces Command Lieutenant-General Syed Tariq Nadeem Gilani Pakistan Army
Naval Commander, Naval Strategic Forces Command Vice-Admiral Asif Sandila Pakistan Navy
Air Officer Commanding, Air Force Strategic Command Air Voice Marshal Ashfaq Ahmad Arain Pakistan Air Force

Military Affairs and Public Relation Office:

Position Name of current officeholder Service
Director-General Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) Major-General Asim Saleem Bajwa, TBt Pakistan Army

Non-Member Officers of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee:

Position Name of current officeholder Service
Commandant of Marine Corps Vice-Admiral Tayyab Ali Doggar Pakistan Marines
Commandant of Coast Guard Rear-Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi, SI(M) Pakistan Coast Guard
Surgeon General of the Pakistan Lieutenant-General Rehan Burny Pakistan Army
Director-General C4ISTAR Air Marshal Muhammad Jamshed Khan Pakistan Air Force
Director-General Military-Intelligence (MI) Major-General Naushad Ahmed Kayani Pakistan Army
Director-General Air Force Intelligence (AFI) Air Vice-Marshal Hafeez Ullah Pakistan Air Force
Director-General Naval Intelligence (NI) Rear-Admiral Jamil Akhtar, SI(M) Pakistan Navy

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Pakistan: Ministry of Defence". country-data.com. 1994. Retrieved 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Pak Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee satisfied with military's operational capabilities". One India news. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Muhammad Saleh Zaafir (September 15, 2010). "Admiral Bashir to be new chairman joint chiefs". The News. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC)". Global Security.org. 

Further reading[edit]