EU Intelligence Analysis Centre (EU INTCEN)
|EU Intelligence Analysis Centre|
Emblem of the European External Action Service
|Formed||March 18, 2012|
|Preceding Agency||EU Situation Centre|
1046 Brussels, Belgium
|Agency executive||Ilkka Salmi, Director of the EU Intelligence Analysis Centre|
|Key document||Treaty of Lisbon|
The EU Intelligence Analysis Centre (EU INTCEN) is an intelligence body of the European Union (EU). Since January 2011, the EU INTCEN is part of the European External Action Service (EEAS) under the authority of the EU's High Representative.
EU INTCEN's mission is to provide intelligence analysis, early warning and situational awareness to the High Representative Catherine Ashton and to the European External Action Service, to the various EU decision making bodies in the fields of the Common Security and Foreign Policy and the Common Security and Defence Policy and Counter-Terrorism, as well as to the EU Member States.
EU INTCEN does this by monitoring and assessing international events, focusing particularly on sensitive geographical areas, terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and other global threats.
The EU INTCEN has its roots in the European Security and Defence Policy of 1999, which put a group of analysts working on open source intelligence under the supervision of the High Representative Javier Solana in what was then called the Joint Situation Centre. In the wake of the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington of 11 September 2001, Solana decided to use the existing Joint Situation Centre to start producing intelligence based classified assessments.
In 2002, the Joint Situation Centre started to be a forum for exchange of sensitive information between the external intelligence services of France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. At that time, the Centre's mission was:
- Contribute to early warning (in conjunction with other Council military staff). Sources: open source material, military intelligence, non-military intelligence and diplomatic reporting;
- Conduct situation monitoring and assessment;
- Provide facilities for crisis task force; and
- To provide an operational point of contact for the High Representative.
At the request of Solana, the Council of the European Union agreed in June 2004 to establish within SITCEN a Counter Terrorist Cell. This Cell was tasked to produce Counter Terrorist intelligence analyses with the support of Member States' Security Services.
- William Shapcott, a former British diplomat (2001-2010).
- Ilkka Salmi, previously the Head of the Finnish Security Intelligence Service (2011- ).
- The Analysis Division is responsible for providing strategic analysis based on input from the security and intelligence services of the Member States. It is composed of various sections, dealing with geographical and thematic topics.
- The General and External Relations Division deals with all legal and administrative question, as well as open source analysis. It is composed of three section, dealing respectively with IT questions, internal and external communication as well as the open source office responsible for open source analysis.
The total number of EU INTCEN staff in 2012 and 2013 will be close to 70.
Single Intelligence Analysis Capacity (SIAC)
Since 2007, the EU INTCEN is part of the Single Intelligence Analysis Capacity (SIAC), which combines civilian intelligence (EU INTCEN) and military intelligence (EUMS Intelligence Directorate). In the framework of the SIAC, both civilian and military contributions are used to produce all-source intelligence assessments.
- http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2009_2014/documents/sede/dv/sede041011cvsalmi_/sede041011cvsalmi_en.pdf Retrieved 5 January 2013
- "Secret Truth". Retrieved 21 February 2009.
- What could be called the "foundational act" of SITCEN was signed by Javier Solana on 15 November 2001. "Intelligence Cooperation". Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- "Select Committee on European Union Seventh Report. Appendix 5. Joint Situation Centre (JSC)". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Summary of remarks by Javier SOLANA, EU High Representative for the CFSP, on Terrorism and Intelligence Co-operation". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Select Committee on European Union Fourth Report. EU Counter-Terrorism Activities. Letter from Rt Hon David Blunkett MP, Home Secretary, Home Office to the Chairman". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- See, for example, "Implementation of the EU Strategy against proliferation of WMD. ST 14520/05". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- EEAS webpage. "organisational chart of the EEAS". EEAS. Retrieved 02/08/2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013
- http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_Data/docs/pressdata/en/esdp/118626.pdf Retrieved 6 January 2013
- http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getAllAnswers.do?reference=E-2012-006017&language=EN Retrieved 6 January 2013
- "Evolution of EUMS Intelligence Directorate and a way ahead". Impetus (9): 16. 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getAllAnswers.do?reference=E-2012-006020&language=CS Retrieved 6 January 2013
- "Cooperation". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
Statewatch: Secrecy reigns at the EU’s Intelligence Analysis Centre (January 2013)
Mai'a K. Davis Cross:  "A European Transgovernmental Intelligence Network and the Role of IntCen," (2013) Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 14(3): 388-402.