Joint address (Canada)

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Richard Nixon addresses a joint session of the Parliament of Canada, 1972

A joint address is a special procedure of the Canadian parliament in which members of the House of Commons and Senate sit jointly in the former chamber, which, for the occasion, becomes an auditorium. The Speaker of the House of Commons takes his chair as normal, with the Speaker of the Senate seted to his or her right. Members of the commons also take their usual seats with senators and justices of the supreme court positioned on the floor of the house, in front of the clerk's table. Gallery privileges are suspended during a joint address and access to those areas is strictly limited to invited guests.

Such an event is used most commonly when a visiting dignitary—such as a foreign head of state or head of government—wishes to address parliament. However, on more rare occasions, the process may also be used to make a formal, binding request of the Canadian monarch; for example, this was part of the process used to amend the Constitution of Canada prior to patriation in 1982.[1] In extreme circumstances, a joint address may also be used to remove a person previously appointed by the Queen-in-Council—such as a judge or ambassador—if other avenues of doing so have failed. For example, Lester Pearson announced a joint address in 1967 to have Leo Landreville removed from the bench of the Supreme Court of Ontario due to allegations of improper stock trading. Landreville had previously refused to resign as he had not actually been convicted of a crime, but resigned voluntarily after the government declared its intention to forcibly remove him from office.[2]

Speakers[edit]

The following have addressed a joint session of parliament:

Date Dignitary Office
3 November 2014 François Hollande President of France
17 September 2014 Petro Poroshenko President of Ukraine
27 February 2014 His Highness Aga Khan IV Spiritual Leader of Ismaili Muslims
22 September 2011 David Cameron Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
26 May 2010 Felipe Calderón President of Mexico
26 May 2008 Viktor Yushchenko President of Ukraine
22 September 2006 Hamid Karzai President of Afghanistan
18 May 2006 John Howard Prime Minister of Australia
25 October 2004 Vicente Fox President of Mexico
9 March 2004 Kofi Annan Secretary General of the United Nations
22 February 2001 Tony Blair Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
29 April 1999 Václav Havel President of the Czech Republic
24 September 1998 Nelson Mandela President of South Africa
11 June 1996 Ernesto Zedillo President of Mexico
23 February 1995 Bill Clinton President of the United States
19 June 1992 Boris Yeltsin President of Russia
8 April 1991 Carlos Salinas de Gortari President of Mexico
18 June 1990 Nelson Mandela Deputy President of the African National Congress
11 October 1989 Hussein King of Jordan
27 June 1989 Chaim Herzog President of Israel
22 June 1988 Margaret Thatcher Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
16 June 1988 Helmut Kohl Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany
10 May 1988 Beatrix Queen of the Netherlands
25 May 1987 François Mitterrand President of France
6 April 1987 Ronald Reagan President of the United States
13 January 1986 Yasuhiro Nakasone Prime Minister of Japan
7 March 1985 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar Secretary General of the United Nations
8 May 1984 Miguel de la Madrid President of Mexico
17 January 1984 Zhao Ziyang Premier of the People's Republic of China
26 September 1983 Margaret Thatcher Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
11 March 1981 Ronald Reagan President of the United States
26 May 1980 José López Portillo President of Mexico
5 May 1980 Masayoshi Ohira Prime Minister of Japan
19 June 1973 Indira Gandhi Prime Minister of India
30 March 1973 Luis Echeverría President of Mexico
14 April 1972 Richard Nixon President of the United States
26 May 1964 U Thant Secretary General of the United Nations
17 May 1961 John F. Kennedy President of the United States
21 July 1958 Kwame Nkrumah Prime Minister of Ghana
9 July 1958 Dwight D. Eisenhower President of the United States
13 June 1958 Harold Macmillan Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
2 June 1958 Theodor Heuss President of West Germany
4 March 1957 Guy Mollet Prime Minister of France
5 June 1956 Sukarno President of Indonesia
5 March 1956 Giovanni Gronchi President of Italy
6 February 1956 Anthony Eden Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
14 November 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower President of the United States
5 April 1951 Vincent Auriol President of France
31 May 1950 Liaquat Ali Khan Prime Minister of Pakistan
24 October 1949 Jawaharlal Nehru Prime Minister of India
11 June 1947 Harry S. Truman President of the United States
19 November 1945 Clement Attlee Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
30 June 1944 Peter Fraser Prime Minister of New Zealand
1 June 1944 John Curtin Prime Minister of Australia
16 June 1943 Chiang Kai-shek President of the Republic of China
3 June 1943 Edvard Beneš President of Czechoslovakia
30 December 1941 Winston Churchill Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lederman, William (1983), "The Supreme Court of Canada and Basic Constitutional Amendment", in Banting, Keith G.; Simeon, Richard, And No One Cheered: Federalism, Democracy, and the Constitution Act, Toronto: Taylor & Francis, p. 177, ISBN 978-0-458-95950-1, retrieved 12 June 2010 
  2. ^ Kaplan, William (June 1996). Bad Judgment: The Case of Mr Justice Leo A. Landreville. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-0836-7. 

External links[edit]