||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Synovial joint. (Discuss) Proposed since December 2013.|
Diagrammatic section of a diarthrodial joint.
Each capsule consists of two layers:
- an outer layer (stratum fibrosum) composed of avascular white fibrous tissue
- an inner layer (stratum synoviale) which is a secreting layer, and is usually described separately as the synovial membrane.
On the inside of the capsule, articular cartilage covers the end surfaces of the bones that articulate within that joint.
The outer layer is highly innervated by the same nerves which perforate through the adjacent muscles associated with the joint.
The fibrous membrane of articular capsule (fibrous capsule) is attached to the whole circumference of the articular end of each bone entering into the joint, and thus entirely surrounds the articulation. It is made up of dense irregular connective tissue.
Plica syndrome is a disorder in which the synovial plica becomes inflamed and causes abnormal biomechanics in the knee.
- Articular capsule of the humerus
- Articular capsule of the knee joint
- Atlanto-axial joint
- Capsule of atlantooccipital articulation
- Capsule of hip joint
- Capsule of temporomandibular joint
- Cross section image: pelvis/pelvis-e12-15 - Plastination Laboratory at the Medical University of Vienna
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