|School||Ordinary Mind School|
March 27, 1917|
|Died||June 15, 2011(aged 94)|
|Predecessor||Hakuyu Taizan Maezumi|
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Born in New Jersey, Beck studied music at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music and worked for some time as a pianist and piano teacher. She married and raised a family of four children, then separated from her husband and worked as a teacher, secretary, and assistant in a university department. She began Zen practice in her 40s with Hakuyu Taizan Maezumi in Los Angeles, and later with Hakuun Yasutani and Soen Nakagawa. Beck received Dharma transmission from Taizan Maezumi Roshi in 1978, but broke with Maezumi over his actions and opened Zen Center San Diego in 1983, serving as its head teacher until July 2006.
Beck was responsible for a number of important innovations in Zen teaching. In particular, she taught students to work with the emotions of everyday life rather than attempting to avoid or escape them. Because she was adept at teaching students to work with their psychological states, she attracted a number of students who were interested in the relationship between Zen and modern psychology. Several of her Dharma heirs are practicing psychologists/psychiatrists. In 1995 Joko, along with three of her Dharma heirs, founded the Ordinary Mind Zen School.
Shortly after Beck’s departure in 2006, she revoked Dharma transmission from two senior students: Ezra Bayda and Elizabeth Hamilton. Beck also stated that Zen Center San Diego should not claim to represent her or her teaching. In 2006 Joko moved to Prescott, Arizona, where she continued to teach until she retired as a teacher in late 2010. In the spring of 2010, Joko announced Gary Nafstad as her last Dharma successor.
Beck died on June 15, 2011 at age 94.
Joko Beck has appointed nine teachers:
- Christensen, Larry Jissan
- Christenson, Anna
- Dawson, Geoff
- Howard, Gregg
- Magid, Barry (b. 1949)
- Nafstad, Gary
- Penn, Barbara Muso
- Smith, Elihu Genmyo (b. 1948)
- Rizzetto, Diane Eshin (b. 1942)
From two other teachers she later sought to revoke her appointment:
- Bayda, Ezra (b. 1944) (revoked 2006)
- Hamilton, Elizabeth (revoked 2006)
- Beck, Joko; Smith, Steve (1989). Everyday Zen: Love and Work. ISBN 0-06-060734-3.
- Beck, Joko (1993). Nothing Special: Living Zen. ISBN 0-06-251117-3.
- Tebbe, Adam (June 15, 2011). "Charlotte Joko Beck dies at 94; American Zen pioneer". Sweeping Zen. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- "Joko Beck Bio". Sweeping Zen. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- Ford, James Ishmael (2006). Zen Master Who?: A Guide to the People and Stories of Zen. Boston: Wisdom Publications. pp. 173–175. ISBN 978-0-86171-509-1.
- "Honorary Founder". Prairie Zen Center. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- "Barry Magid Interview". Sweeping Zen. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- "Stuart Lachs". Non-Duality. August 26, 2010. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- "Sanbo Kyodan: Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism and its Teachers". Buddhist Studies WWW Virtual Library. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- "Stuart Lachs interview Aug. 26, 2010". non-duality magazine. Retrieved May 3, 2015.
- Friedman, Lenore (2000). Meetings With Remarkable Women: Buddhist Teachers in America. Boston: Shambhala Publications. pp. 125–150. ISBN 978-1-57062-474-2.