Jolarpettai–Shoranur line

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jolarpettai–Shoranur line
Overview
Status Operational
Locale Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
Termini Jolarpettai
Shoranur
Operation
Opening 1861
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Southern Railway, South Western Railway
Depot(s) Erode, Jolarpettai
Rolling stock WDM-2, WDM-3A, WDM-3D, WDG-3A and WDG-4 diesel locos; and WAG-7 and WAP-4 electric locos.
Technical
Track length Main line: 390 km (242 mi)
Branch lines
Salem-Yeshvantapur 229 km (142 mi)
Salem-Mettur Dam 39 km (24 mi)
Irugur-Coimbatore-Mettupalayem 54 km (34 mi)
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Operating speed Up to 130 km/h
Highest elevation Jolarpettai 405 metres (1,329 ft)
Coimbatore 411 metres (1,348 ft)
Yeshvantapur 919 metres (3,015 ft)
Jolarpettai–Shoranur line
Kms
Kms
Chennai-Bangalore line 
Jolarpettai
  0
Tirupattur
  8
Molakarampatti
12
to Bangalore City 
Kagankarai
19
229
Yeshvantapur 
to Hubli 
Kunnathur
25
225
Lottegallohalli 
222
Hebbal 
Samalpatti
31
210
Banaswadi 
Chennai Central-
Bangalore City line
 
Dasampatti
39
197
Belandur Road 
194
Karmelaram 
 Ponnaiyar River
183
Heelalige 
173
Anekal Road 
Dodampatti
48
Tamil Nadu
Karnataka
border 
158
Hosur 
Morappur
55
144
Kelamangalam 
135
Periyanaga Thunai 
Thonganur
61
119
Rayakottai 
101
Marandahalli 
Buddireddippati
68
89
Palakkodu 
Hosur-Erode Road 
Bommidi
78
66
Dharmapuri 
National Highway 7 National Highway 7 (India) 
Lokur
88
55
Sivadi 
47
Muttampatti 
Danishpet
97
35
Toppur 
National Highway 7 National Highway 7 (India) 
Tinapatti
104
23
Karuvalli 
39
Mettur Dam 
Karuppur
114
27
Mecheri Road 
19
Tolasampatti 
 National Highway 7 (India) National Highway 7
11
Omalur 
3
Magnesite 
Magnesite
117
0
Salem 
Salem
120
 to Vriddhachalam
Salem Steel plant
 to Karur
Neykkarapatti
128
Virapandy Road
131
Madudanchavadi 
142
Mavelipalaiyam
154
Sankaridurg
159
Anangur
167
Cauvery
177
 Kaveri
 to Karur
Erode
182
Totiyapalayam
189
Perundurai
196
Ingur
201
Vijayamangalam
209
Uttukuli
219
 State Highway India.png State Highway 81
Tiruppur Kulipalayam
222
Tiruppur
232
 Tiruppur-Avinashi Road
Tiruppur Vanjipalayam
240
 State Highway India.png State Highway 166
Tiruppur Somanur
250
 State Highway India.png State Highway 165
Sulur Road
259
Irugur
265
14
Singanallur 
Podanur
282
9
Pilamedu  
National Highway 209 National Highway 209 (India) 
Coimbatore Main
0
3
Coimbatore North  
17
Periyanayikanpalayam 
 State Highway India.png State Highway 162
28
Karaimadal 
36
Mettupalayam 
 to Pollachi
Nilgiri Mountain Railway
(narrow gauge)
 National Highway 209 (India) National Highway 209
 ACC Limited plant
Madukkarai
286
Ettimadai
291
 
Tamil Nadu
Kerala
border
Walayar
300
Chullimada
304
Kanjikode
311
 Malampuzha River
Kottekad
319
Palakkad
326
 Road marker IN NH.svg National Highway 213
 to Pollachi
Parli
334
Mankara
342
Lakkidi
349
Palappuram
353
Ottappalam
357
Mannanur
364
 
to Shoranur–
Cochin Harbour section
Shoranur
370
to Nilambur–
Shoranur railway line
 
to Shoranur–
Mangalore section

The Jolarpettai–Shoranur line connects Jolarpettai, on the Chennai Central-Bangalore City line in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Shoranur in Kerala. There are several branch lines: Salem-Dharmapuri-Kosur-Yeshvantapur, Salem-Mettur Dam and Irugur/Podanur-Coimbatore-Mettupalayem connecting to Udhagamandalam (Ooty) via Nilgiri Mountain Railway. This network links the railway network in Kerala to the networks in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, and subsequently other states.

History[edit]

The first train service in southern India and the third in India was operated by Madras Railway from Royapuram / Veyasarapady to Wallajah Road (Arcot) in 1856. Madras Railway extended its trunk route to Beypur / Kadalundi (near Calicut) in 1861[1]

The 229 km (142 mi) long 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) wide metre gauge Salem-Bangalore line was opened in 1969.[2][3] It was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge in 1997.[4]

The Podanur-Mettuapalayam line was opened to traffic in 1873. The UNESCO heritage track, Nilgiri Mountain Railway was opened in two stages. The Mettupalayam-Coonoor section was opened in 1899 and it was extended up to Udhagamandalam (Ooty) in 1908.[5] The 46 km (29 mi) long railway rises from 330 metres (1,080 ft) at Mettuapalaym to 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) at Udhagamandalam.[6]

Two 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) wide narrow gauge famine protective lines were opened in the early years of the twentieth century. The 25.25 mi (41 km) long Tirupattur-Krishnagiri line was opened in 1905 and the 18.5 mi (30 km) long Morappur-Dharmapuri line was opened in 1906 and extended to Hosur - 54.5 mi (88 km) long . The Hosur-Dharmapuri line was decommissioned in 1941 and other two lines were closed around 1945.[7][8]

Electrification[edit]

The mainline was electrified in stages. The Jolarapettai-Morapur sector was electrified in 1989-90, the Morapur-Salem (excluded) in 1990-91, the Salem-Erode sector in 1991-92, the Tripur-Waylar sector including Coimbatore in 1995-96, and the Waylar-Vallatolnagar (beyond Shoranur, towards Ernakulam) in 1996-97. The Magnesite-Mettur Dam sector was electrified in 1990-91.[9]

As of 2013, electrification of Coimbatore-Mettuapalayem is to be taken up this fiscal.[10]

Speed limit[edit]

The Arakkonam-Jolarpettai-Salem-Erode-Coimbatore-Ernakulam line is classified as a “Group B” line which can take speeds up to 130 km/h.[11]

Loco sheds[edit]

Erode diesel loco shed holds WDM-2, WDM-3A, WDM-3D, WDG-3A and WDG-4 locos. Erode loco shed holds WAG-7 and WAP-4 locos. It is home to the largest fleet of WAP-4 locos on Indian Railways and handles some of the longest routes for electric trains in the country.[12]

Jolarpettai has an electric/ diesel trip shed.[12]

Passenger movement[edit]

Salem, Coimbatore, Erode and Palakkad, on this line, are amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[13]

Railway reorganization[edit]

In the early 1950s legislation was passed authorizing the central government to take over independent railway systems that were there. On 14 April 1951 the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway Company and Mysore State Railway were merged to form Southern Railway. Subsequently, Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway was also merged into Southern Railway. On 2 October 1966, the Secunderabad, Solapur, Hubli and Vijayawada Divisions, covering the former territories of Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway and certain portions of Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway were separated from Southern Railway to form the South Central Railway. In 1977, Guntakal division of Southern Railway was transferred to South Central Railway and the Solapur division transferred to Central Railway. Amongst the seven new zones created in 2010 was South Western Railway, which was carved out of Southern Railway.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IR History – Early days". 1832-1869. IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Manning, Ian. "Mysore". Bangalore-Salem. IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "IR History: Part IV – 1947-1970". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "IR History: Part VI – 1995-1999". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Mettupalam-Udhagamandalam (Ooty) Train". india invites. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Mettuapalayam". Indian Railways. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "Salem District (1916)". IRFCA. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Chronology of Railways in India, Part 3 (1900-1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  9. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Mettuapalayam-Coimbatore sector electrification to be taken up this fiscal year: DRM". The Hindu, 16 August 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "Chapter II : The Maintenance of Permanent Way". Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Sheds and Workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "Geography - Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 

External links[edit]