Jolon, California

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Unincorporated community
Jolon is located in California
Location in California
Coordinates: 35°58′15″N 121°10′34″W / 35.97083°N 121.17611°W / 35.97083; -121.17611Coordinates: 35°58′15″N 121°10′34″W / 35.97083°N 121.17611°W / 35.97083; -121.17611
Country United States
State California
County Monterey County
Elevation[1] 971 ft (296 m)

Jolon /hɵˈln/ is an unincorporated community in Monterey County, California.[1] It is located 17 miles (27 km) south of King City,[2] at an elevation of 971 feet (296 m).[1] Jolon is located in the San Antonio River valley, west of Salinas Valley. It is in a rural area, about 6 miles from Mission San Antonio de Padua, and is part of Fort Hunter Liggett.


The first European land exploration of Alta California, the Spanish Portolà expedition, camped on the San Antonio River near near today's Jolon on September 24, 1769, having crossed the Santa Lucia Range from the coast. The party continued north through Jolon Valley (today's Jolon Road, county route G14).[3]

The town was founded by Antonio Ramirez who built an inn at the place in 1850.[2] The Jolon post office was founded in 1872.[2] Jolon was owned by William Randolph Hearst in the 1920s, who sold it to the US Army, its current owner. The ZIP Code is 93928,[4] and the community is inside area code 831.

Jolon is mentioned in the chorus of the song "South Coast" [1], as a place you could gamble back in its frontier days.

Jolon is also the setting for John Steinbeck's novel To a God Unknown. The town is not mentioned in the book but is the basis for the fictional town in the book.

The Hacienda[edit]

William Randolph Hearst built a hotel known as The Hacienda near Jolon. That hotel, now owned by the United States Army, is operated by a concessionaire and open to the public.[5]


This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Jolon has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[6]


  1. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Jolon, California
  2. ^ a b c Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 910. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  3. ^ Bolton, Herbert E. (1927). Fray Juan Crespi: Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast, 1769-1774. HathiTrust Digital Library. pp. 190–194. Retrieved April 2014. 
  4. ^ USPS ZIP Code lookup tool
  5. ^ The Hacienda
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Jolon, California

External links[edit]