Jonah Hex

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For the live action film based on the character, see Jonah Hex (film).
Jonah Hex
Jonah Hex from Jonah Hex Vol.2 #1 2005 relaunch
Luke Ross, artist
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
First appearance All-Star Western #10
(Feb.–Mar. 1972)[1]
Created by John Albano
Tony DeZuniga
In-story information
Full name Jonah Woodson Hex
Team affiliations Apache and Navajo tribes
Confederate States of America military
Kiowa tribes
Five Warriors from Forever
Black Lantern Corps
Notable aliases The Mark of the Demon
Abilities
  • Outstanding marksman
  • Ability to quick draw
  • Able to gun down multiple enemies in one draw
  • Peak physical conditioning
  • Expert hand-to-hand combatant
  • Master tracker and detective
  • Honed a danger sense from years of training and experience
Hex
Hex #1, 1985. Mark Texeira and Klaus Janson, artists.
Series publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Bimonthly; Monthly
Format Ongoing series
Genre Western
Publication date (vol. 1)
March /April 1977 – August 1985
(Hex)
September 1985 – February 1987
(vol. 2)
January 2006 – October 2011
Number of issues (vol. 1) 92
(Hex) 18
(vol. 2) 70
Main character(s) Jonah Hex
Creative team
Writer(s) Michael Fleisher, Joe R. Lansdale, Justin Gray, Jimmy Palmiotti
Artist(s) Tony DeZuniga
Penciller(s) José Luis García-López, Dick Ayers
Inker(s) Romeo Tanghal
Editor(s) Ross Andru
Collected editions
Showcase Presents: Jonah Hex, Vol. 1 ISBN 1-4012-0760-X
Showcase Presents: Jonah Hex, Vol. 2 ISBN 1-4012-1561-0)

Jonah Woodson Hex is a fictional character, a western comic book antihero that appears in comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by writer John Albano and artist Tony DeZuniga. Hex is a surly and cynical bounty hunter whose face is horribly scarred on the right side. Despite his poor reputation and personality, Hex is bound by a personal code of honor to protect and avenge the innocent. The character is portrayed by Josh Brolin in the 2010 film adaptation of the same name. Thomas Jane provided his voice in a DC Animated short film.

Publication history[edit]

Debut[edit]

The character first appeared in a full-page in-house ad for All-Star Western #10 which was published in various November/December 1971-dated DC comics, including a few of DC's war comics line, as well as a half-page version of the same house ad in Batman #237. This house ad contains the first published images of Jonah Hex, as well as two dialogue-filled comic strip panels not used in his first full-story appearance.

His first full-story appearance was published a few weeks later in volume two of All-Star Western #10 (February–March 1972),[1][2] which was renamed Weird Western Tales with its twelfth issue. Jonah Hex headlined the new title right up until issue #38, at which point Scalphunter took over the spotlight while Jonah Hex moved into his own self-titled series in 1977. The series lasted for 92 issues with Michael Fleisher as the main writer and Tony DeZuniga providing much of the art.

In a 2010 interview with Filipino journalist Anna Valmero, DeZuniga described the moment he first conceived the image that would become Jonah Hex: "When I went to my doctor, I saw this beautiful chart of the human anatomy. And I saw the anatomy of the figure was split in half, straight from head to toe. Half his skeleton was there, half his nerves and muscles. That’s where I got the idea it won’t be too bad if his distortion would be half.”[3]

Hex[edit]

Jonah Hex was canceled during Crisis on Infinite Earths (in which Jonah also appeared along with Scalphunter and other western heroes in issue #3, 1985), but in the same year Jonah moved to a new eighteen-issue series titled Hex, also penned by Michael Fleisher. In a bizarre turn of events, Hex found that he had been transported to the 21st century and became somewhat of a post-apocalyptic warrior,[4] reminiscent of Mad Max. The series had mediocre success in the United States but was critically acclaimed and well received in Great Britain, Italy, Spain, and Japan.[5]

Limited series[edit]

Three Jonah Hex miniseries have been published under DC's Vertigo imprint. These series, written by Joe R. Lansdale and drawn by Tim Truman, fit more into the western-horror genre, as Hex interacts with zombies ("Two-Gun Mojo" #1-5, 1993), a Cthulhoid monster ("Riders of the Worm and Such" #1-5, 1995), and spirit people ("Shadows West" #1-3, 1999).

Jonah Hex vol. 2[edit]

In November 2005, DC began a new monthly Jonah Hex series written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti with interior art by varying (and occasionally recurring) artists. The first issue of the series was released in January 2006.[6] In assorted postings on their message board,[7] Grey and Palmiotti have stated their intent to depict various adventures from across the full length of Hex's life and career. The main artistic difference is that the series is published without the external restraints of the Comics Code Authority which allows for harder edged stories without having to keep with the Vertigo imprint's dark fantasy themes. Tony DeZuniga, the original Hex artist, returned to pencil two issues of the book (#5 and #9). John Higgins drew issue #28[8] and J. H. Williams III provided the art for Jonah Hex #35,[9] expressing an interest in doing more: "I certainly want to do more issues myself or even a graphic novel if the opportunity and schedule presented itself."[10]

To coincide with the release of the film Gray and Palmiotti wrote an original graphic novel, No Way Back (ISBN 1-4012-2550-0), that was illustrated by Tony DeZuniga.[11]

All-Star Western vol. 3[edit]

With the reboot of the entire DC comics line in The New 52, Jonah Hex volume 2 was canceled and Jonah transitioned as the lead story in All-Star Western volume 3 (November 2011). While Jonah Hex vol. 2 consisted of standalone stories, All-Star Western features an ongoing story arc that finds Jonah in Gotham City during the 1880s, teamed up with Amadeus Arkham.

Fictional character biography[edit]

Origins[edit]

Raised by his alcoholic father Woodson Hex, Jonah was a regular victim of physical abuse as a child. His father eventually stopped supporting him and sold him into slavery with an Apache tribe at the age of 13, in 1851. They worked him constantly until one day when he saved their chieftain from a puma, and he was welcomed as a full-fledged member of the tribe. The chief took Jonah in as his own son, but his adopted brother Noh-Tante grew jealous. Noh-Tante shared Jonah's affections for a young girl named White Fawn, so he betrayed his brother during their manhood rite at the age of 16 and left Jonah for dead with their enemies the Kiowa.[12] He was rescued by a Cavalry patrol, although they shot him in the gut when he tried to stop their slaughter. Left for dead a second time, he was nursed back to health by an old trapper in the woods. Returning to his tribe's camp, he found them long since gone.[13]

American Civil War[edit]

As Jonah grew into adulthood, he joined the United States Army as a cavalry scout. By 1861, the country was radically divided on issues of slavery and states rights. When war erupted between the Northern states and the South, Jonah shifted his loyalties to the newly formed Confederate army and enlisted as a lieutenant in the 4th cavalry. Ironically, Hex, a former slave, now found himself fighting to preserve the very institution that victimized him. During this time, Jonah met a fellow soldier named Jeb Turnbull and the two became close friends.

However as time went on, Hex found himself increasingly torn between his loyalties to the south and his feelings towards the treatment of slaves. In September 1862, President Abraham Lincoln announced his Emancipation Proclamation – a proposed bill that would outlaw slavery in most slave-holding states. Jonah realized that he could no longer support a system that elected to hold his fellow man in bondage; however he had no intention of betraying his comrades by cooperating with the Union. Therefore he felt that the best option available to him was to surrender and wait out the war. He abandoned his post and went to the Union camp at Fort Charlotte, sneaking into the Camp captain`s quarters to surrender directly.[14] The camp's captain pressured Hex to reveal the location of his Confederate unit, but Jonah refused to yield the information. However an orderly examined samples of clay from the iron shoes on Hex's horse, and successfully determined where the Rebels were stationed.

The Union soldiers tracked the enemy back to their camp, and took them by surprise. As the Rebels were arrested the Union captain, smarting from the fact that Hex was able to penetrate the fort's security, publicly thanked Jonah for his assistance, marking him as a traitor in the eyes of his former unit. Hex responded by brutally punching him and was sentenced to solitary confinement.

Jonah found a shaft beneath his cell and used it to access the compound where Jeb Turnbull and the other prisoners were being held and aided them in trying to escape, but the fort's soldiers were prepared for them. Unbeknownst to Hex, the Captain had deliberately had the "escape tunnel" dug. The fort didn't have enough food to support its soldiers, let alone prisoners, so he had manipulated Hex into staging a breakout so that he could legitimately claim that the prisoners were shot trying to escape.

In an event that history would know as the "Fort Charlotte Massacre", the Union soldiers shot down nearly every escapee in cold blood, including Jeb Turnbull. Jonah found himself a victim of a Union bullet as well, but managed to survive long enough to kill the camp's captain. The handful of survivors, unaware of the captain's treachery, blamed Jonah and spread the word of his apparent betrayal.

Following the Fort Charlotte Massacre, Jonah patched himself up and moved out towards the Western territories.

Mark of the Demon[edit]

Eventually returning to his village in 1866, Jonah found that Noh-Tante had since married White Fawn. He declared Noh-Tante's betrayal to the chieftain, but the accusations were denied and it was decided that they would deliberate through trial by combat. Noh-Tante sabotaged Jonah's tomahawk, forcing him to cheat and end the fight with his knife. For breaking the rules of combat and killing his son, the chieftain declared that Jonah would be branded with the mark of the demon and exiled under penalty of death. Years later when he returned again to rescue a kidnapped white woman, he was captured and White Fawn was shot dead by the chieftain for trying to help him escape. Jonah killed his adopted father in return, and gunned down half the tribe who went after him with the help of Henri d'Aubergnon.[13]

Bounty Hunter[edit]

Jonah Hex was inspired to become a bounty hunter after murdering his first criminal, the outlaw Lucas "Mad Dog" McGill. He gunned down Mad Dog while the man was beating his wife outside of a saloon; in his inebriated stupor, Hex believed him to be his own father, Woodson Hex, abusing his mother, Virginia Hex. The local deputy insisted that even drunk it was the fastest draw he'd ever seen, and gave him the massive bounty on McGill's head. Hex accepted the money and scattered it on the streets as he left town by horseback.[15] His first bounty poster was in 1866 on an old army buddy named Eddie Cantwell.[16] The manhunter Arbee Stoneham stole Hex's reward by murdering Cantwell and then humiliated him by taking his guns.[17] Eight years later they met again while Hex was bringing down the Jason Crowley gang, and he intended to take revenge on Stoneham but found him wheelchair-ridden; the two men went for a drink instead.[18]

The town of Paradise Corners hired him to take down a criminal named Big Jim, but when he thought of settling down there they shunned him and treated him like a monster.[19] His next target was a robber named Terry White who betrayed him after Hex found him in the desert and nursed him back to health.[20]

Weird Western Tales[edit]

Jonah received a wolf named Iron Jaws when he tried to rescue a peaceful Pawnee tribe from their local town, and failed to save the girl who owned him.[21] His former mentor Windy Taylor called Jonah to help find his son Tod Taylor, who had turned outlaw; Tod gunned down his father and Hex avenged the man who taught him.[22] Iron Jaws died after venturing deep into the desert to rescue Hex from dying of exposure where two outlaws had tied him up.[23] He next took down a corrupt sheriff who was scamming his town,[24] and then a corrupt hanging judge at the next.[25] Briefly he became the bodyguard to a sideshow attraction whose owner he murdered after the man tried to frame him for a heinous crime.[26] Finding an escaped psychopath on the run, his next bounty was the Gentleman Killer.[27] Fort Lang was seemingly attacked by Indians, and Hex uncovered a railroad conspiracy to drive them off their land.[28] When some bandits he'd hunted down injured an old lady who had shown him kindness, he funded a children's hospital to make sure she got the medicine she needed before chasing them down and slaughtering them.[29]

While tracking down Blackjack Jorgis for revenge, Hex was ambushed by ex-confederates sent by Quentin Turnbull. His mentor Hank Brewster died in the gunfight, and his first horse, the General, was killed by stray bullets.[30] Briefly hired by the U.S. Secret Service, he toppled an assassination conspiracy against Ulysses S. Grant.[31] Temporarily blinded from his injuries, he took down an entire gang without his sight.[32] He fought corrupt army officials when he took down a greedy landowner who was robbing pioneers and letting them die.[33]

Five Warriors from Forever[edit]

The Lord of Time assembled a team known as the Five Warriors from Forever when he believed that his time machine the Eternity Brain would end all existence. This team included Jonah Hex alongside Black Pirate, Enemy Ace, Miss Liberty and the Viking Prince; to make them powerful enough to become a threat, they were each energized with a special force. Their purpose was to fight the Justice League and Justice Society to strengthen their resolve through defeat, which they succeeded in doing.[34] Eventually the Five Warriors rebelled against their master and assaulted the Palace of Eternity. Hex got into a gun-fight with a T-Rex, but they were defeated and eventually returned to their own times using the Cosmic Treadmill.[35]

He later encountered the Justice League separately, with several other Western heroes including Bat Lash, Cinnamon and Scalphunter. The Lord of Time sent members of the League back to the 19th Century in an absurd plot to rule the world. Jonah met an amnesiac Hal Jordan in the desert and nursed him back to health.[36] They teamed up with Elongated Man, Flash and Zatanna to take down some robotic gunfighters while the League dealt with an anti-matter asteroid that threatened to destroy the Earth. In the present, Superman defeated the Time Lord and restored things to normal.[37]

Crisis on Infinite Earths[edit]

He became involved in the first Crisis when he was summoned along with several other heroes to fight for the Monitor. Jonah Hex fought against the Shadow Demons alongside Bat Lash, Cyborg, Firebrand, John Stewart, Johnny Thunder, Nighthawk, Psimon and Scalphunter.[38] Alex Luthor and Harbinger gathered the heroes of several Earths to discuss strategy, and Hex was present in the crowd to witness Pariah's warnings.[39]

Hex[edit]

Jonah Hex disappeared in a flash of light one night at a saloon in 1875.[40] He was abducted from his own era by the villainous Reinhold Borsten(and with maybe a little unintentional help from Access), who transported him into a post-apocalyptic Seattle, Washington in the 21st century. His intention was to use the time-traveling gunfighter as a warrior, but instead Jonah escaped and met a motorcycle gang named the Road Reapers. They immediately took him in after he rescued their warrior Stiletta, and he obtained a zonesuit to protect himself from radiation by killing their cowardly leader Falcon in self-defense.[41] His next companions were a group of soldiers from the Vietnam War, although they were betrayed by a robotic duplicate of Stiletta and none survived except for a Cpt. Stanley Harris.[42] Briefly, he became shotgun man for a drug dealer named Barnaby Blossom; when he discovered that Barnaby was getting kids hooked, he killed the man.[43] The real Stiletta tracked him down, and they became stranded in the desert together without water after a roadside ambush. They survived by walking twelve miles to an oasis and fighting off killer mutant worms.[44] Having attracted negative attention from the underworld Conglomerate by knocking over their drug shipment, Hex and Stiletta were hunted down by their mercenary Chain, but defeated him in a junkyard.[45] The Conglomerate enlisted Hex to help them take down Borsten, and he was captured by Borsten in a fight so that he could destroy the villain's time travel device after using it.[46] Together Hex and Stiletta infiltrated the complex, and Harris was sent home, but Jonah didn't make it to the time machine before it was destroyed. They escaped as the building exploded, and Borsten apparently died in the blast.[47]

Hex got newer and improved guns after he won at a dangerous live shooting gallery, but Stiletta was kidnapped while he was fighting.[48] He was then captured by a scientist named Dr. Adamant, but escaped and destroyed his society before Jonah could be turned into a robot.[49] His next challenge was an anti-sin cult called the Sin Killers, whom he demolished while rescuing the daughter of a local man. Borsten was revealed to have survived the explosion. Briefly, Jonah met the Legion of Super-Heroes while they were traveling in their Time Bubble.[50][51]

New York City's leading crime syndicate, the Combine, sent Hex after their greatest enemy, the Batman, by framing him for Stiletta's murder; the two men fought and nearly killed each other.[52] Realizing that they're on the same side, Hex helped Batman stop the Combine from unleashing giant killer robots on the populace. Stiletta was discovered to have been brainwashed and trained as a professional wrestler, calling herself Blonde Spitfire.[53] Briefly, Jonah was captured by two cannibals and forced to escape through the sewers. Enraged, he began hunting down members of the Combine. The Road Reapers were captured by a group of warriors called the Dogs of War, who pressed them into slave labor for an alien named S'ven Tarah.[54] Jonah was forced to fight the deadly brainwashed Stiletta, but he brought her back to normal after knocking her out.[55]

Tarah revealed that he's a time-traveler and his slave camps were building a machine to thwart an alien invasion from the Xxggs. Hex was attacked by a rogue Chain again in revenge for their last battle, but defeated him a second time.[56] Having been captured into the slave camp by Manta, Hex organized a breakout to escape and fought Starkad on his way out. Stanley Harris revealed himself to be one of the Dogs of War, and enlisted Jonah's service.[57] They fought against the Xxggs for the future of humanity and succeeded, but Tarah explained that he was unable to send Hex back to his own time.[58] On Thanksgiving Day, he gathered with Stiletta and remembered his family. Finding his own stuffed corpse in an amusement park, he took comfort in the knowledge that someday he would get to go home.[59] DC Comics has never explained how Jonah returned to his own time but there have been fan-fiction stories regarding how he returned.

Two-Gun Mojo[edit]

Jonah began to take up with another bounty hunter named Slow Go Smith who became his friend.[60] Smith was killed by gun-toting zombies in a barn, and Hex was framed for his murder.[61] Following their trail, Hex discovered that it was the work of a Snake Oil merchant named Doc "Cross" Williams.[62] It was revealed that Williams studied voodoo in Haiti, and reanimated the corpse of Wild Bill Hickok as his personal bodyguard. They tried to zombify Hex as well, but he escaped and tracked them down again.[63] Jonah put Hickok down again by beating him on the draw, then avenged his friend by leaving the Doc to die a slow brutal death at the hands of Apache raiders.[64]

Riders of the Worm and Such[edit]

Following the slaying of Stove Belly Jack's gang, Hex met a giant worm in the desert.[65] He teamed up with a local ranch who'd been under attack by the creatures.[66] It's explained that the monsters were half-bred rape children of an underground race and a human woman, calling themselves the Autumn Brothers.[67] Hex rallied the ranchers to take the offensive.[68] They launched an assault on the underground tunnel system where the rest of the worms lived, slaughtering them as they went and blowing up their queen with dynamite.[69]

Shadows West[edit]

Jonah became a member of Buffalo Will's traveling Wild West Show after a trick-shooting midget named Long Tom saved his life. He reconnected with an old friend named Spotted Balls, and met a local squaw prostitute who gave birth to a Bear Boy.[70] She claimed to have given birth after mating with a bear spirit. Hex decided to leave the camp with Spotted Balls and the squaw because he didn't like the way things were run. This infuriated Buffalo Will, who sent an armed posse led by Long Tom to murder them.[71] Jonah killed most of his pursuers using traps, but Spotted Balls died in the final shoot-out. He was able to return the squaw and her cub to its father, and Jonah finally met the mythical spirit people. Returning to camp with Long Tom's corpse, he swore to Buffalo Will that if he ever saw him again he'll kill him.[72]

Face Full of Violence[edit]

When a rich family hired him to track down their kidnapped son, he found the boy had become part of an underground dog-fighting ring and was forced to put him down when he contracted rabies.[6] In a conflict involving a stolen gold crucifix, he burned an entire mining town to the ground.[73] Bat Lash helped him take revenge against a corrupt sheriff who framed him.[74] The Mayor of a small town tried to execute him to cover up the incestuous rape of his mute daughter, but the townspeople lynched the politician instead.[75] On Christmas he got into a gunfight, killing a dozen men to protect one of his bounties from their revenge attempts.[76] In the small town of Salvation, he met a local gang who posed as nuns and tried to murder him before he could reveal their secret.[77]

Death[edit]

Jonah Hex continued to act as a bounty hunter until the age of 66 in 1904, when he was married to a Native American woman named Tall Bird. His life story was documented by Michael Wheeler. The entertainer L.B. Farnham approached him to become part of a Wild West Revue show in his old age, but Hex angrily refused to let them turn him into a sideshow. Hex's last bounty was a gang run by bank robber George Barrow; he succeeded in wiping them out, but Barrow returned for revenge several days later. Playing cards in a Cheyenne saloon, Hex was murdered with Barrow's double-barreled shotgun while fumbling to put on his spectacles. His death was immediately avenged by the lawman Hank Crawford who gunned down the unarmed Barrow in cold blood.[78] In his dying moments, Hex hallucinated and reflected on the life that he'd lived.[79]

Tall Bird and Wheeler attempted to give Jonah a proper Native American burial, but they were robbed at gunpoint by Farnham and an accomplice. Farnham had Wheeler shot and the widow left unconscious to die in a house fire while he stole Hex' corpse for his Wild West Revue. Jonah Hex was taxidermized to be put on display permanently in a gaudy outfit, and the two evil men meet their ends, but his body was transported from location to location. His final resting place was as a dummy at a Westworld theme park.[78] Eventually he was discovered by historians, but Tall Bird was revealed to have survived the fire and she claimed his body. She did an interview with a young scholar to fill in the missing details in her husband's life, but they were assaulted by a Western memorabilia collector who demanded to have the corpse at any cost. The evil collector was shot in the back before he could murder them, and it is implied that Jonah Hex' vengeful spirit returned to protect his wife from beyond the grave.[15]

Post-Mortem[edit]

Many years later, a supermodel and actress named Hex seemed to become possessed when her right eye was cut out by members of the Agenda. She assisted Superboy and displayed psionic powers when she repeatedly fired an unloaded energy weapon, but this change in consciousness seems to have been temporary.[80] Eventually she decided to become a bounty hunter like her predecessor, riding Grokk the Living Gargoyle as her trusty steed.[81]

Jonah Hex was reanimated during Blackest Night as a zombie member of the Black Lantern Corps, wielding a power ring. He returned to plague Quentin Turnbull's descendant, Joshua Turnbull. Joshua attacked Hex with a rocket launcher but failed to destroy him. The young man pled for his life to zombie versions of Jonah Hex and Quentin Turnbull, but his ancestor gunned him down in cold blood.[82] Every zombie was restored to normal when Hal Jordan defeated Nekron.[83]

Guns and Gotham[edit]

Following a change to the Timestream as a result of the events of Flashpoint, history was changed. During the 1880s, Amadeus Arkham was recruited by Detective Lofton of the Gotham City Police Department to help solve the case of the Gotham Butcher. Police Chief John Cromwell didn't take kindly to Arkham's theories, nor to the eventual recruitment of bounty hunter Jonah Hex, who had recently caused a stir by coming to town.

Even so, recognizing Hex' street smarts, Arkham suggested that the two of them join forces in performing a separate investigation into the case. Together, they uncovered Gotham City's sect of the Religion of Crime, and its relation to the Butcher case.

Significant dates in Jonah's life[edit]

The majority of Jonah's adventures were never given actual dates, however, some significant events were given year references. The ones listed here are actually mentioned or calculated using dialogue or other references.

November 1, 1838: Jonah Hex is born. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #50 & reference in #57)

June 1848: Jonah's mother runs away with a traveling salesman. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #57)

July 1851: Jonah's father, a physically abusive alcoholic, sells him into slavery to an Apache tribe in exchange for either a pile of pelts (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #7) or safe passage through Indian land (Jonah Hex vol. 2, #14). The two Jonah Hex series have different explanations, and it is unclear which is the canonical version of the story, if either.

1853: At age fifteen, Jonah saves the tribe's chief from a puma. The chief expresses his gratitude by adopting Jonah as his second son. Jonah eventually exceeds the chief's son, Noh-Tante, in the chief's eyes. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #7)

1854: Jonah and rival Noh-Tante, in a tribal ritual of manhood, raid a nearby Kiowa village to steal ponies. Noh-Tante ambushes Jonah and leaves him to the Kiowas and tells the chief that Jonah is dead. Jonah is either 'rescued' by scalphunters who slaughter the Kiowas and shoot Jonah, leaving him for dead before a trapper finds him and nurses him back to health (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #7), or Jonah manages to defeat the Kiowas but does not return to the Apache village. (Jonah Hex vol. 2, #14) Once again, the story is conflicting.

1859: Jonah is engaged to Cassie Wainwright but she is killed by Indians the day before their wedding. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #65)

December 25, 1861: Jonah and Turnbull's son Jeb give Quentin Turnbull an eagle-topped cane. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #55; WWT #29)

January 1863: Jonah surrenders to the Union forces at Fort Charlotte. Jonah's platoon is subsequently captured and then slaughtered during an attempted escape known as the Fort Charlotte Massacre. Jonah is accused by the survivors of being a turncoat. (WWT #29, Jonah Hex vol. 1, #35)

May 2, 1863: Jonah accidentally shoots Stonewall Jackson as the General returns from a reconnaissance, inflicting the wound which cost him his arm & precipitated his death shortly after due to sepsis. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #37)

April 23, 1865: Jonah surrenders (once again) to Union forces at the federal stockade in Lynchburg, Virginia, two weeks after Lee surrendered to Grant. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #30) It is assumed, but not yet chronicled, that Jonah returned to the Confederacy after the Fort Charlotte massacre.

1866: Jonah locates his old tribe and tells the chief how Noh-Tante betrayed him years before. The chief decrees that this must be settled by a tomahawk battle. Noh-Tante secretly sabotages Jonah's tomahawk so that the handle will break. In an act of desperation during the fight, Jonah pulls a knife and kills Noh-Tante. As punishment for breaking the rules, Jonah is bound and the chief presses a heated tomahawk to the right side of Jonah's face giving him "The Mark of the Demon." The tribe then banishes Jonah. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #8)

Winter, 1866: Jonah takes his first job bounty hunting by tracking down an old Confederate buddy, Eddie Cantwell (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #30–31)

1874: While tracking down the kidnapper of Laura Vanden, Jonah once again comes in contact with the Apache chief and is captured. The chief admits to taking Laura and announces that he will kill Hex at sunrise. Jonah is rescued by White Fawn, his former girlfriend and widow of Noh-Tante. The chief kills White Fawn and Jonah kills the chief before he rescues Laura Vanden. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #8)

1875: Jonah marries Mei Ling and promises to give up bounty hunting and gunfighting. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #45)

Spring, 1876: Jonah's son, Jason, is born. A month later, Mei Ling takes Jason and leaves Jonah. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #51–53)

August 1878: Jonah is transported to the year 2050 by Reinhold Borsten. Several documents reference the date of the time travel to be 1875, but a careful examination of events, dates, and corresponding timespans, place this event closer to 1878. (Jonah Hex vol. 1, #92)

1880: Jonah's mother dies and he learns that he has a half brother, Joshua Dazzleby, who is the sheriff and preacher in the town of Heaven's Gate, Colorado. (Jonah Hex: No Way Back)

1899: Jonah meets his grown son, Jason, in Mexico. Jonah learns that Mei Ling has died, but leaves before finding out that he now has a grandson, Woodson Hex II. (Jonah Hex vol. 2, #25)

1904: Jonah is gunned down and killed by George Barrow. Despite some reports to the contrary, Jonah was not killed during a gunfight, nor was he shot in the back. Jonah was sitting playing cards in a local establishment. As he took off his glasses to clean them, George Barrow stormed into the establishment and shot Jonah in the chest with both barrels of a shotgun. Barrow was then confronted by the local law. Barrow dropped his weapon and surrendered but the local sheriff killed Barrow in cold blood. (Jonah Hex Spectacular)

1987: Jonah's stuffed corpse is located in the Frontier City Amusement Park in Laramie, WY. Prof. Lawrence, along with an aged Tall Bird, recover Jonah's corpse from an evil western memorabilia collector. (Secret Origins #21)

2010: During the Blackest Night Jonah is found by a Black Lantern ring and was revived as a member of the Black Lantern Corps.

Supporting cast[edit]

Being a "non-superhero", Jonah did not have a "Rogues gallery" comparable to costumed comic-book heroes, though he had a few adversaries who returned from time to time. The first and most notable of these to date was Quentin Turnbull, known at first as simply the man with the eagle-topped cane.

Turnbull was the father of Hex' best friend, Jeb Turnbull. During the American Civil War, Jonah actually surrendered himself to the Union forces after the passage of the Emancipation Proclamation, but he refused to betray where his fellow soldiers were camped. A Union soldier was able to determine the location of that camp by examining the dirt in the hooves of Jonah's horse. The Union soldiers captured all of Jonah's fellow soldiers and then later massacred most of them, framing Jonah as a turncoat. Turnbull's son was one of those slaughtered, and Turnbull vowed his vengeance upon Jonah.

Turnbull hired an unnamed stage actor to impersonate Hex and help "destroy" him. This actor, naming himself "The Chameleon", was eventually hideously scarred in a fire started by Hex, and he vowed vengeance.

El Papagayo was a Mexican bandit running guns. Hex was hired by the Secret Service (actually a man hired by Turnbull to pose as an agent) to infiltrate El Papagayo's band and bring him to justice. Hex was unsuccessful, and he and Papagayo met several more times over the years.

Tallulah Black is a character introduced in 2007. As a young woman she was savagely raped and mutilated by the men who murdered her family. She was saved by Hex, who helped her gain vengeance. She would go on to become a bounty hunter herself and eventually Hex' lover.[84] Tallulah eventually became pregnant by Hex. However the child, a girl, was killed before being born (Jonah Hex vol. 2, #50).

Joshua Dazzleby is Jonah's half-brother and is introduced in the graphic novel Jonah Hex: No Way Back. (2010)

Powers and abilities[edit]

In most of his stories, Jonah Hex displays no supernatural or superhuman powers; however, he does possess some exceptional abilities, acquired through a combination of talent and training.

Despite being blind in his right eye, Hex is an outstanding marksman who rarely misses his target. He is extremely fast on the draw and can be seen in many stories gunning down multiple foes before any of them can get off a shot. He can wield two guns, one in each hand, with equal proficiency. He is also a resourceful combatant, often relying on stealth, tricks, and improvised weapons and traps to defeat enemies akin to fellow DC Comics character Deathstroke (who is also blind on his right eye). Hex was taught to shoot by the legendary gunslinger Windy Taylor.[22] His reflexes are strong enough that he has proven to be faster on the draw than both Wild Bill Hickok[64] and Batman.[85] Hex became an expert at driving various motor vehicles during his time in the 21st Century.[86]

In the DC Universe, he is known as having almost superhuman ability and marksmanship with 19th-century weapons, mostly revolvers. After Jonah Hex is transported to the future in Hex, he acquires a pair of Ruger Blackhawk .357 Magnums. He chooses these because they are single action revolvers like he used in the Wild West, but he still manages to outshoot everybody armed with more modern weaponry.[87]

Hex is an exceptional tracker, able to follow trails several days old through rain and mud in spite of his quarry's best efforts to cover their tracks. Hex often displays a keen danger sense which warns him of ambushes and traps. This is not a supernatural ability: it is simply an instinct honed through years of experience in battle and hunting dangerous foes. Hex is also extremely tough and has been known to continue fighting even after suffering torture or severe injury.

Jonah Hex has a reputation throughout the West as a ruthless and prolific killer, but like Batman, he is bound by a personal code of honor to protect and avenge the innocent. On many occasions, his reputation by itself has proven enough to deter potential foes. Knowing that the infamous Jonah Hex is pursuing them often unnerves Hex's targets so badly that they make fatal mistakes, such as wasting ammunition, falling into traps, or turning and engaging Hex in a desperate stand-off.

In Superman/Batman #16, when Batman & Superman have ended up being catapulted through various earths after a conflict with Darkseid, they ended up meeting Hex and other Western superheroes. While Superman was attending to Batman's wounds, Jonah ambushed him and manages to kill Superman using Kryptonite bullets, and blowing his head off in the end. Although Superman wasn't really killed, it was heavily implied because in that story arc, the only way for Superman and Batman to be transported to another dimension is for them to be killed.[88]

Jonah Hex has, in many times, met and fought Batman. In Superman/Batman #16, Hex defeats Batman in hand-to-hand combat. In Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne, Hex and Batman faces off in a showdown. Even though being skilled in throwing batarangs and disarming gunmen, Batman was still outdrawn by Hex, and Hex shoots him in the gut.[89]

In the live action movie, he was able to raise the dead and force them to speak truthfully, a power he never possessed in the comics.

Appearances[edit]

Core series[edit]

Hex #1, 1985.

The following are publications in which Jonah Hex is the central character.

  • Jonah Hex (Vol. 1 #1-92; 1977–1985)
  • Jonah Hex Spectacular (#1; 1978/Fall)
  • Hex (#1-18; 1985–1987)
  • Jonah Hex: Two Gun Mojo (#1-5; 1993)
  • Jonah Hex: Riders of the Worm and Such (#1-5; 1995)
  • Jonah Hex: Shadows West (#1-3; 1999)
  • Jonah Hex (Vol. 2 #1-70; 2005–2011)
  • Jonah Hex: No Way Back (June 2010)

Other appearances[edit]

  • Batman (#237; 1971/12): Jonah shown in an advertisement for All Star Western comic (1st published appearance ... contains 2 comic strip panels that pre-date All-Star Western #10) *(full-page version of this ad in various DC war comics of the same month)
  • Justice League of America (#159, 160, 198, 199; 1978–1982)
  • Comic Reader (#194; 1981/09)
  • Crisis on Infinite Earths (#3-5; 1985/06)
  • Green Lantern (Vol. 2 #195-196; 1985)
  • DC Challenge (#2-3, #11; 1985–1986)
  • Swamp Thing (#46; 1986/03)
  • Legion Of Super-Heroes (#23; 1986/06)
  • Swamp Thing (#85; 1989/04)
  • Time Masters (#2-3; 1990)
  • Justice League Europe Annual (#2; 1991/01)
  • Books of Magic (#4; 1991/02)
  • Armageddon: Alien Agenda (#3; 1992/01)
  • Zero Hour (#0; 1994/09)
  • Kingdom Come (#4; 1997)
  • Unlimited Access (#1; 1997)
  • Superboy (#54-55, #71-75; 1998–2000)
In 1998, a female character named Hex was introduced in the pages of Superboy. She first appears as a temperamental supermodel until an agent of the Agenda slices the right side of her face, at which point she started claiming to be Jonah Hex. She adopts his voice and manner of speaking, and displays his sharpshooting skills with a pistol. She has the ability to shoot "psionic bullets" from any kind of gun when in her "Jonah Hex" mode; otherwise she was powerless. It was hinted that the Agenda had either performed experiments on her or that she had been created by them; but nothing has been confirmed. She was last seen flying out of Cadmus riding atop Grokk, the Living Gargoyle.
  • Guns of the Dragon (#3; 1998/12)
  • The Kingdom (#2; 1998)
  • Wild Times: Deathblow (1999/08)
  • Hawkman (#7; 2002/11)
  • Superman & Batman: Generations (Vol. 3 #8; 2003/10)
  • The Legion (#29; 2004/03)
  • Another Nail (#3; 2004/8)
  • Deadshot (#4; 2005/03)
  • Superman/Batman (#18; 2005/02)
Jonah Hex makes a cameo appearance, escorting the Navajo back to the Canyon DeChelly, after the Long Walk of the Navajo was over. It appears that Jonah is escorting the Navajo on to the Long Walk, but this was an artist error, as indicated by the author on his Forum
  • Booster Gold (#2; 2007/11): Minor cameo at end of book
  • Booster Gold (#3; 2007/12)
  • Weird Western Tales (#71; 2010/01): In the Weird Western Tales tie-in to the Blackest Night crossover, Jonah Hex was reanimated as a member of the Black Lanterns.[82] Searching for a stolen Black Lantern Ring, he finds that the holder of such a prize is none other than the descendant of his old nemesis Quentin Turnbull. Alongside the resurrected Turnbull himself and a horde of angry Black Lanterns, he engages in a firefight against the younger Turnbull (who attempts to convince the elder to join forces with him to restore their power) until he is left between Hex and Quentin, at which point the elder Turnbull kills the younger.
  • The All-New Batman: The Brave and the Bold (#11; 2011): Batman goes back in time to 1879 Gotham to stop an earthquake machine designed by Ra's Al Ghul. He teams up with Jonah who is trying to collect a bounty on Ubu.

Collected editions[edit]

Various trade paperback collections are being released, both of the ongoing second series and Jonah Hex' original appearances:

  • Two Gun Mojo (written by Joe R. Lansdale; art by Timothy Truman and Sam Glanzman; collects the miniseries Jonah Hex: Two Gun Mojo, 1994, ISBN 1-56389-162-X)
  • Showcase Presents: Jonah Hex:
    • Volume 1 (written by John Albano and Michael Fleisher; art by Tony DeZuniga, Doug Wildey, José Luís Garcia-López and others; 526 pages, collects All-Star Western #2-8 and #10-11, Weird Western Tales #12-14 and #16-33, November 2005, ISBN 1-4012-0760-X)
    • Volume 2 (written Michael Fleisher; art by José Luís Garcia-López and others; 528 pages, collects Weird Western Tales #34-38 and Jonah Hex (vol. 1) #1-22, March 2014, ISBN 1-4012-4106-3)
  • Jonah Hex: Welcome to Paradise (written by John Albano and Michael Fleisher; art by Tony DeZuniga, Dough Wildey, Noly Panaligan, George Moliterni, and Jose Louis Garcia-Lopez; 168 pages, collects All-Star Western #10; Weird Western Tales #14, 17, 22, 26, 29, 30; Jonah Hex #2 and 4, May 2010, ISBN 1-4012-2757-0)
  • Jonah Hex (vol. 2):
    • Face Full of Violence (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Luke Ross, and Tony DeZuniga; 144 pages, collects Jonah Hex #1-6, Titan Books, December 2006, ISBN 1-84576-408-0, DC, September 2006, ISBN 1-4012-1095-3)
    • Guns of Vengeance (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Luke Ross, Dylan Teague, Tony Dezuñiga, Phil Noto, David Michael Beck, Paul Gulacy, Jimmy Palmiotti, Giuseppe Camuncoli, and Art Thibert; 144 pages, collects Jonah Hex #7-12, DC, April 2007, ISBN 1-4012-1249-2)
    • Origins (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Jordi Bernet, Phil Noto, and Val Semeik; 144 pages, collects Jonah Hex #13-18, DC, November 2007, ISBN 1-4012-1490-8)
    • Only the Good Die Young (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Jordi Bernet, Phil Noto, and David Michael Beck; 144 pages, collects Jonah Hex #19-24, DC, April 2008, ISBN 1-4012-1689-7)
    • Luck Runs Out (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Russ Heath, Giuseppe Camuncoli, Jordi Bernet, John Higgins, Stefano Landini, and Rafa Garres; 144 pages, collects Jonah Hex #25-30, DC, October 2008, ISBN 978-1-4012-1960-4)
    • Bullets Don't Lie (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Darwyn Cooke, J.H. Williams III, Jordi Bernet, Rafa Garres, Paulo Siqueira, and Mark Sparacio; 144 pages, collects Jonah Hex #31-36, DC, April 2009, ISBN 978-1-4012-2157-7)
    • Lead Poisoning (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Jordi Bernet, and David Michael Beck; 144 pages, collects Jonah Hex #37-42, DC, October 2009, ISBN 978-1-4012-2485-1)
    • The Six Gun War (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Cristiano Cucina; 144 pages, collects Jonah Hex #44-49, DC, April 2010, ISBN 978-1-4012-2587-2)
    • Counting Corpses (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Darwyn Cooke, Dick Giordano, Jordi Bernet, Paul Gulacy, and Billy Tucci; 160 pages, collects Jonah Hex #43, 50-54, DC, October 2010, ISBN 978-1-4012-2899-6)
    • Tall Tales (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Vicente Alcazar, Phil Winslade, Jordi Bernet, Giancarlo Caracuzzo, and Brian Stelfreeze; 144 pages; collects Jonah Hex # 55-60, DC, April 2011, ISBN 1-4012-3009-1)
    • Bury Me In Hell (written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti; art by Jordi Bernet and Eduardo Risso; 224 pages; collects Jonah Hex # 61-70, DC, December 2011, ISBN 978-0-85768-863-7)

In other media[edit]

Television[edit]

Jonah Hex as depicted in Batman: The Animated Series
  • He has appeared in animated form, first in the Batman: The Animated Series episode "Showdown" voiced by William McKinney. Ra's al Ghul tells Batman the story of Jonah Hex hunting for Arkady Duvall (voiced by Malcolm McDowell), son of Ra's al Ghul in the late 19th century.
  • Hex's second DCAU appearance was in the Justice League Unlimited episode, "The Once and Future Thing Part 1: Weird Western Tales" voiced by Adam Baldwin. Jonah makes reference to his Hex-era adventures by guessing that Batman, Wonder Woman, and John Stewart are time travelers; when Batman asks why Hex thinks that, Jonah replies "Experience. I've had an interesting life." Hex's appearance in "Showdown" took place in 1883, while in "The Once and Future Thing Part 1: Weird Western Tales", the year was 1879. The Jonah Hex of "Showdown" looked considerably older than his later appearance despite only four years difference, although this may have been the result of the corruption of the timestream.
  • Jonah Hex appears in the teaser of Batman: The Brave and the Bold episode "Return of the Fearsome Fangs"[90] voiced by Phil Morris. He was caught by a western version of the Royal Flush Gang, who plan to pull him apart. Batman frees him, and they take out the gang. He gives Batman a gold coin for his efforts, telling him to get himself "a proper cowboy hat". He next appears in "Duel of the Double Crossers". In this episode, Jonah is kidnapped by Mongul in order to hunt down Batman for Mongul's Warworld while riding a robot horse. Jonah & Batman join forces to battle Mongul, but Mongul's time machine is destroyed and Jonah stays in the present day for now. He later rides off with Lashina riding behind him. He also appears in "The Siege of Starro! Part One". He and Cinnamon stop the Western Royal Flush Gang from robbing a bank in the flashback. Finally, he appears in a brief non-speaking cameo on a cinema screen in the episode "Revenge of the Reach!" Worthy of mention is the fact that he appears briefly in the opening sequence of the series, among other well-known heroes.
  • Hex is referenced in Teen Titans Go! episode 3 'Drivers Ed' where his face appears on a casino.

Film[edit]

Motion comics[edit]

Jonah Hex was featured in the Jonah Hex: Motion Comics voiced by Jim Cummings.

The Ballad of Jonah Hex is an independently made motion comic using still frames from the first forty issues of Jonah Hex Vol 2. It was created in 2007 by songwriter Ian Frazier to coincide with the lyrical content of his song of the same name.[93]

Role-playing games and Toys[edit]

The Post-Apocalyptic Hex made an appearance in a solo game module of DC Heroes titled "Hex: Escort to Hell".

3 Different action Figures of Hex have been produced as of early 2011. Two other figures of actors from the movie were also made.

2 different versions of Hex exist in Hero Clix format.

A 12" action figure from the movie version was produced.

A painted lead figure was introduced in 2010.

A porcelain bust of Hex and Lilia from the movie version were releassed in 2010.

Halloween costumes of Hex, Lilia (adult only), and Turnbull were available in 2010.

Music[edit]

  • In 2006, "The Ballad of Jonah Hex" was written by songwriter Ian Frazier and later recorded at Elevator Studios in Long Beach, California. According to Frazier, the inspiration for the song came from reading Jimmy Palmiotti and Justin Gray's take on the character in Jonah Hex vol. 2. The song, which features Frazier on acoustic guitar and vocals, is in narrative form and contains a verse that relates Jonah's origin story as told by Palmiotti and Gray's in their three part "Retribution" storyline that ran from issue 13-15. Frazier and fellow Long Beach musician Robert Conrad performed the song live on two guitars for Jimmy Palmiotti at the Inaugural Long Beach Comic Con in 2009 [94] He now performs the song under his current musical moniker St. Frantic [95]
  • The Texas band Ghoultown have a song titled "Death of Jonah Hex" on their "Tales from the Dead West" album.
  • In 2012, the French-Canadian electro-rock band Judge Rock released Westerner, a nine-minutes song about the alien abduction of Jonah Hex, Johnny Thunder, Scalphunter, Bat Lash and Nighthawk, during issue three of Crisis on Infinite Earths. The track describes Hex as "the rider with the gash : the bounty hunter Jonah Hex whose guns shot two-by-two".

Lawsuit[edit]

Cover to Jonah Hex: Riders of the Worm and Such #4, featuring the Autumn Brothers
Art by Timothy Truman

In 1996, musicians Johnny and Edgar Winter filed suit against DC and the creators of the Jonah Hex: Riders of the Worm and Such limited series, claiming, amongst other things, defamation: two characters named the Autumn Brothers in the series strongly resemble the Winters.[96] Writer Joe Lansdale said on the Comic Book Legal Defense Fund site:

The judge agreed and ruled in favor of the defendants, saying parody was covered by the First Amendment. The briefs were refiled in June 2002 through the National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation and while the decision was upheld, the comic was deemed not to be "transformative" raising possible future problems for parody.[96] In 2003, the Supreme Court of California sided with DC.[98]

Reception[edit]

IGN ranked Jonah Hex as the 73rd Greatest Comic Book Hero of All Time stating that "his distinctive appearance and engrossing adventures set Hex apart from the rest of the cowboy crowd".[99]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b All-Star Western #10 at the Grand Comics Database
  2. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "The Western comic had all but ridden off into the sunset, until the arrival of Jonah Hex gave the genre a new face ... A tale by John Albano and drawn by Tony DeZuniga immediately presented the bounty hunter as a cold-blooded killer." 
  3. ^ Valmero, Anna (July 2, 2010). "‘Jonah Hex’ creator is a hero for Filipino comic book artists". loqal.ph (Filquest Media Concepts, Inc.). Retrieved May 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 214: "Transported from the Wild West of the past to a dystopic future society, Jonah Hex had to adapt to the times in this brave new world and series crafted by writer Michael Fleisher and artist Mark Texeira."
  5. ^ "The Chronicles of Jonah Hex (Part 2)". Scribd.com. 2009-01-31. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  6. ^ a b Jonah Hex Vol 3 #1
  7. ^ "Account Suspended". Paperfilms.invisionzone.com. Retrieved 2011-01-16. [dead link]
  8. ^ Riding With Jonah Hex: John Higgins, Newsarama, February 6, 2008
  9. ^ JH Williams: On Drawing Jonah Hex, Newsarama, September 4, 2008
  10. ^ Jonah Hex's Good Luck Eye on Comics, August 21, 2008
  11. ^ Smith, Zack (May 24, 2010). "Before the Film JONAH HEX Writers Find NO WAY BACK In New HC". Newsarama. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  12. ^ Jonah Hex #7
  13. ^ a b Jonah Hex #8
  14. ^ Jonah Hex #36
  15. ^ a b Secret Origins Vol 2 #21
  16. ^ Jonah Hex #30
  17. ^ Jonah Hex #31
  18. ^ Jonah Hex #32
  19. ^ All-Star Western Vol 2 #10
  20. ^ All-Star Western Vol 2 #11
  21. ^ Weird Western Tales #12
  22. ^ a b Weird Western Tales #13
  23. ^ Weird Western Tales #14
  24. ^ Weird Western Tales #16
  25. ^ Weird Western Tales #17
  26. ^ Weird Western Tales #18
  27. ^ Weird Western Tales #19
  28. ^ Weird Western Tales #20
  29. ^ Weird Western Tales #21
  30. ^ Weird Western Tales #22
  31. ^ Weird Western Tales #23
  32. ^ Weird Western Tales #24
  33. ^ Weird Western Tales #25
  34. ^ Justice League of America #159
  35. ^ Justice League of America #160
  36. ^ Justice League of America #198
  37. ^ Justice League of America #199
  38. ^ Crisis on Infinite Earths #3-4
  39. ^ Crisis on Infinite Earths #5
  40. ^ Jonah Hex #92
  41. ^ Hex #1
  42. ^ Hex #2
  43. ^ Hex #3
  44. ^ Hex #4
  45. ^ Hex #5
  46. ^ Hex #6
  47. ^ Hex #7
  48. ^ Hex #8
  49. ^ Hex #9
  50. ^ Hex #10
  51. ^ Legion of Super-Heroes Vol 3 #23
  52. ^ Hex #11
  53. ^ Hex #12
  54. ^ Hex #13
  55. ^ Hex #14
  56. ^ Hex #15
  57. ^ Hex #16
  58. ^ Hex #17
  59. ^ Hex #18
  60. ^ Jonah Hex: Two-Gun Mojo #1
  61. ^ Jonah Hex: Two-Gun Mojo #2
  62. ^ Jonah Hex: Two-Gun Mojo #3
  63. ^ Jonah Hex: Two-Gun Mojo #4
  64. ^ a b Jonah Hex: Two-Gun Mojo #5
  65. ^ Jonah Hex: Riders of the Worm and Such #1
  66. ^ Jonah Hex: Riders of the Worm and Such #2
  67. ^ Jonah Hex: Riders of the Worm and Such #3
  68. ^ Jonah Hex: Riders of the Worm and Such #4
  69. ^ Jonah Hex: Riders of the Worm and Such #5
  70. ^ Jonah Hex: Shadows West #1
  71. ^ Jonah Hex: Shadows West #2
  72. ^ Jonah Hex: Shadows West #3
  73. ^ Jonah Hex Vol 3 #2
  74. ^ Jonah Hex Vol 3 #3
  75. ^ Jonah Hex Vol 3 #4
  76. ^ Jonah Hex Vol 3 #5
  77. ^ Jonah Hex Vol 3 #6
  78. ^ a b DC Special Series #16
  79. ^ Jonah Hex Vol 3 #70
  80. ^ Superboy Vol 4 #55
  81. ^ Superboy Vol 4 #75
  82. ^ a b Weird Western Tales #71
  83. ^ Blackest Night #8
  84. ^ Goguen, Rachelle. Wednesday Interview: Jimmy Palmiotti, Living Between Wednesdays, 1 April 2009.
  85. ^ Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne #4
  86. ^ Who's Who (Volume 1) #11
  87. ^ Comic Gunslingers
  88. ^ Hex Defeats Superman
  89. ^ Hex defeats Batman
  90. ^ "Toon Zone - Your Source for Toon News!". News.toonzone.net. 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  91. ^ Stanley, John, Creature Features: The Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Movie Guide, Berkley Trade; Updated Edition, 2000, p. 52; ISBN 0-425-17517-0
  92. ^ Arnold, C.F. (March 26, 2010). "Red Hood DVD Art Released and Reveals SURPRISE!". COMICS aRE deAd. comicsaredead.com. Retrieved March 26, 2010. 
  93. ^ "The Ballad of Jonah Hex on Vimeo". E to the n Music. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  94. ^ "LB Comic Con ’09 – The Ballad of Jonah Hex". The Press Telegram. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  95. ^ "The Ballad of Jonah Hex live at Viento y Agua". E to the n Music. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  96. ^ a b "The Winter Brothers vs. Jonah Hex Goes Supreme". Newsarama. January 25, 2003. 
  97. ^ CBLDF Case Files – Winter Bros. v. DC Comics.
  98. ^ Dean, Michael. California Supreme Court Rules Jonah Hex Comic Entitled to First Amendment Protection, excerpted from The Comics Journal #254, July 11, 2003
  99. ^ "Jonah Hex is number 73". IGN. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]