Jonathan Fairbanks (1594 – December 5, 1668) was an English colonist born in Heptonstall, Halifax, Yorkshire, England who immigrated to New England in 1633. Around 1636 Fairbanks built the Fairbanks House in Dedham, Massachusetts which is today the oldest surviving wood framed house in North America.
Proof that the house was built in 1636 is shown by the year painted on the chimney.
Settlement in New England 
Jonathan Fairbanks arrived in Boston, Massachusetts with his family in 1633. Fairbanks' wife's name was Grace Lee. The Fairbanks family remained in Boston about three years, before settling in Dedham, as one of the earliest settler families. Jonathan Fairbanks signed the Covenant when the town was founded and named.
Conversion to Christianity 
Jonathan Fairbanks had "long stood off from the church upon some scruples about public profession of faith and the covenant, yet after divers loving conferences..., [In 1646] he made such a declaration of his faith and conversion to God and profession of subjection to the ordinances of Christ in the church that he was readily and gladly received by the whole church." Fairbanks became a member of the First Church in Dedham, which espoused a Reformed theology (Calvinist) in the seventeenth century.
As was common at the time Jonathan used several spellings of his surname: Fairbanke, Fairebanke, Fayerbanke, and on his will Fairbanck. His sons and grandsons began spelling the name Fairbank or Fairbanks. The spelling Fairbanks carried on for 15 generations.
- The Ancestry of Overmire Tifft Richardson Bradford Reed
- (Genealogy of the Fairbanks Family) http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/w/e/i/Irene-Weinmann/GENE2-0001.html
- Lockridge, Kenneth (1985). A New England Town. New York: WW Norton & Company. p. 31. ISBN 0-393-95459-5.
- Covenant of the First Church in Dedham: with some facts of history and ... By First Church (Dedham, Mass., H. H. McQuillen, 1878) http://books.google.com/books?id=LiZZNAOJwnAC&source=gbs_navlinks_s
- "Nathaniel Kellogg Fairbank, his antecedents and descendents", a monograph by Helen de Freitas