Jonathan Garb

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Jonathan Garb (Hebrew: יהונתן גארב, born 1967) is an Israeli scholar of Kabbalah. He is Holder of the Gershom Scholem chair in Kabbalah (together with Prof. Yehuda Liebes) in the Department of Jewish Thought at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Biography[edit]

Jonathan Garb was born in 1967 in Johannesburg, South Africa, and immigrated to Israel in 1973. In the 1980s, Garb studied Talmud and Kabbalah in the Lithuanian Yeshiva world, where he also studied Mussar with R. Shlomo Wolbe and R. Reuven Leuchter. He earned his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees at the Hebrew University between the years 1990 to 2001, his M.A. and Ph.D. dissertations were advised by Prof. Moshe Idel. He was a post-doctoral fellow at Ben Gurion University of the Negev. He served as a guest lecturer at the L’École des hautes études en sciences sociales in Paris. In 2010, Garb received the Hebrew University President’s Prize for Outstanding Researcher (Ben Porat/Pollack Family Foundation). During the academic year 2011-2012, he was fellow at the Tikvah Center for Law and Jewish Civilization at New York University.[1] He is member of the editorial board of Kabbalah: Journal for the Study of Jewish Mystical Texts [2] and head of the Amirim Honors Program in the Humanities at Hebrew University. [3]

Scholarship[edit]

Garb’s research interests cover rabbinic thought, modern and contemporary Kabbalah, and the comparative study of mystical techniques and experiences, particularly Shamanism and Trance. From a geographical point of view, Garb’s scholarship has focused on Jerusalem, North Africa, and Prague. Recently, he focuses on Italy, particularly on the circle of R. Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto. He claims that other members of the circle may have written many texts attributed to Luzzatto.[4] His research strongly draws from post-modern theory, especially the work of Michel Foucault and its antecedents.[5] Following the phenomenological approach of his main teacher, Jonathan Garb is considered one of the leading students of Moshe Idel.[6] As such, he has been critiqued — among others by Peter Schäfer — as using “academic scholarship and its results as building blocks for a new, postmodern mystical Jewish religion.”[7] Garb’s monographic studies significantly exceed the dominant philological-historical approach in the study of Jewish mystical texts applied by Gershom Scholem and his followers. In his Manifestations of Power in Jewish Mysticism, Garb offers a Foucauldian reading of rabbinic thought and earlier Kabbalah. The Chosen Will Become Herds “examines twentieth-century Kabbalah in its Israeli and global context, drawing from an impressive range of Hasidic, Lithuanian, Oriental-Sephardic, and Religious Zionist sources.”[8] It is considered as one of the most comprehensive studies of modern and contemporary Kabbalah to date.[9] Garb’s third monograph, Shamanic Trance in Modern Kabbalah, offers an Ericksonian reading of sixteenth century Kabbalistic writings and Hasidic literature. His fourth monograph is an intellectual biography of the eighteenth-century Italian kabbalist R. Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto. In dozens of articles, he has discussed issues such as gender, language, antinomianism, poetics, magic, and sainthood.[10] Besides his academic writing, Garb has published essays in Hebrew on social critique,[11] the New Age,[12] and the contemporary Haredi world.[13]

Works[edit]

Manifestations of Power in Jewish Mysticism: From Rabbinic Literature to Safedian Kabbalah. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2005 [Hebrew]. (http://www.magnespress.co.il/website_en/index.asp?category=231&id=2551).

The Chosen Will Become Herds: Studies in Twentieth Century Kabbalah. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2009. (http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/book.asp?isbn=9780300123944).

Shamanic Trance in Modern Kabbalah. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2011. (http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/chicago/S/bo10968269.html).

Kabbalist in the Heart of the Storm: R. Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University Press, 2014 [Hebrew]. (http://www.taupress.tau.ac.il/)

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.nyutikvah.org/fellows/fellows_11_12/jonathan_garb.html
  2. ^ http://cherub-press.com/
  3. ^ http://amirim.mscc.huji.ac.il/
  4. ^ Jonathan Garb, “The Authentic Kabbalistic Writings of R. Moses Hayyim Luzzatto.” Kabbalah: Journal for the Study of Jewish Mystical Texts 25 (2011).
  5. ^ http://www.huji.ac.il/dataj/controller/ihoker/MOP-STAFF_LINK?sno=9728061&Save_t=
  6. ^ See Boaz Huss, "The New Age of Kabbalah Research: Book Review of Ron Margolin, The Human Temple; Melila Hellner-Eshed, A River Issues Forth from Eden; Jonathan Garb, Manifestations of Power in Jewish Mysticism,” Theory and Criticism 27 (2005), pp. 246-253 and Zvi Leshem’s Review “Demystifying Kabbalah,” Jerusalem Post, 11/26/2009 (http://www.jpost.com/Magazine/Article.aspx?id=161505 ).
  7. ^ Peter Schäfer, The Origins of Jewish Mysticism. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2009, 26 and n 93. For Schäfer’s discussion on Idel’s phenomenological approach, see also idem., 25-26.
  8. ^ http://www.amazon.com/Chosen-Will-Become-Herds-Twentieth-Century/product-reviews/0300123949/ref=dp_top_cm_cr_acr_txt?ie=UTF8&showViewpoints=1
  9. ^ See Shaul Magid, “Mysticism, History, and a "New" Kabbalah: Gershom Scholem and the Contemporary Scene.” Jewish Quarterly Review 101/4 (2011): 513.
  10. ^ For an overview of Garb’s articles, see http://huji.academia.edu/JonathanGarb.
  11. ^ http://www.acheret.co.il/?cmd=articles.144&act=read&id=586
  12. ^ http://www.zeek.net/604garb/
  13. ^ http://www.acheret.co.il/?cmd=articles.124&act=read&id=366

External links[edit]

Jonathan Garb’s profile at academia.edu: http://huji.academia.edu/JonathanGarb

Homepage of the Tikvah Center for Law and Jewish Civilization: http://www.nyutikvah.org/fellows/fellows_11_12/jonathan_garb.html

Faculty homepage of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem: http://www.huji.ac.il/dataj/controller/ihoker/MOP-STAFF_LINK?sno=9728061&Save_t=

Interview with Jonathan Garb on Expanding Mind with Erik Davis: http://expandingmind.podbean.com/2011/09/15/shamanism-and-kabbalah/

Jonathan Garb's "Modern European Mysticism and Psychological Thought" course page, at Coursera: https://www.coursera.org/course/mysticthought