Jonathan Gruber (economist)

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For other people of the same name, see Jonathan Gruber (disambiguation).
Jonathan Gruber
Born (1965-09-30) September 30, 1965 (age 49)
Nationality American
Institution MIT
Field Health economics
Alma mater Harvard University (PhD, 1992)
MIT (BSc, 1987)
Information at IDEAS/RePEc

Jonathan Holmes Gruber is a professor of economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he has taught since 1992. He is also the director of the Health Care Program at the National Bureau of Economic Research, where he is a research associate. He is an associate editor of both the Journal of Public Economics and the Journal of Health Economics. In 2009 he was elected to the Executive Committee of the American Economic Association.


He was born on September 30, 1965. He completed his BS in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1987 and his PhD in economics from Harvard University in 1992 with thesis titled Changes in the Structure of Employer-Provided Health Insurance.[1] He began his career as an assistant professor of economics at MIT.[2] Currently, [clarification needed] he is a professor of economics at MIT. He is also a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research.[2]


Gruber's research has focused on public finance and health economics. He has published more than 140 research articles, has edited six research volumes. He is a co-editor of the Journal of Public Economics, an associate editor of the Journal of Health Economics, and the author of Public Finance and Public Policy.[3] and Health Care Reform, a graphic novel delineating the Affordable Care Act.[citation needed]

In 2006, he received the American Society of Health Economists Inaugural Medal for the best health economist in the nation aged 40 and under.[4] He was elected a member of the Institute of Medicine in 2005.[5] In 2011 he was named “One of the Top 25 Most Innovative and Practical Thinkers of Our Time” by Slate Magazine. In both 2006 and 2012 he was rated as one of the top 100 most powerful people in health care in the United States by Modern Healthcare Magazine.

Public service[edit]

During the 1997–1998 academic year, Gruber was on leave as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Economic Policy at the Treasury Department. From 2003–06 he was a key architect of Massachusetts' healthcare reform. In 2006 he became an inaugural member of the Health Connector Board, the main implementing body for that effort. In that year, he was named the 19th most powerful person in health care in the United States by Modern Healthcare magazine. During the 2008 election he was a consultant to the Clinton, Edwards and Obama presidential campaigns. In 2009–10 he served as a technical consultant to the Obama Administration and worked with both the administration and Congress to help craft the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA).[6]

Published works[edit]

  • On February 15, 2006, the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities published an article by Gruber entitled "The Cost and Coverage Impact of the President's Health Insurance Budget Proposals"[7]
  • In a December 4, 2008 New York Times op-ed, "Medicine for the Job Market", he claimed that expanding health insurance, even in difficult financial times would stimulate the economy.[8]
  • On February 9, 2011, the Center for American Progress published an article by Gruber titled "Health Care Reform Without the Individual Mandate," analyzing the health insurance coverage impacts of alternative policy options for encouraging purchase of health insurance under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, including the mandate, a late penalty, and auto-enrollment.[9]

He has published over 100 research articles.[10]

HHS Controversy[edit]

In January 2010, after news emerged that Gruber was under a $297,000 contract with the Department of Health and Human Services, while at the same time promoting the Obama administration's health care reform policies, some conservative commentators suggested a conflict of interest.[11][12][13]

While he did disclose his HHS connections in an article for the New England Journal of Medicine, his oversight in doing this earlier was defended in the New York Times .[14]


  1. ^ Gruber, John. "Changes in the structure of employer-provided health insurance". ProQuest. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Retrieved 25 July 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Worth Publishers Student Center for Public Finance and Policy
  4. ^ Honors & awards – Fall 2006 Soundings
  5. ^ National Academy of Social Insurance
  6. ^ Cannon, Michael. "ObamaCare Architect Jonathan Gruber: "If You're A State And You Don't Set Up An Exchange, That Means Your Citizens Don't Get Their Tax Credits"". Forbes. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  7. ^ The Cost and Coverage Impact of The President’s Health Insurance Budget Proposals, February 15, 2006]
  8. ^ Gruber, Jonathan (December 4, 2008), Medicine for the Job Market, New York Times 
  9. ^ Gruber, Jonathan (February 9, 2011), Health Care Reform Without the Individual Mandate 
  10. ^ NBER Working Papers by Jonathan Gruber
  11. ^ James, Michael (January 9, 2010). "On Jonathan Gruber and Disclosure". ABC News. Retrieved November 15, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Jonathan Gruber Failed to Disclose His $297,600 Contract With HHS". Huffington Post. May 25, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2013. 
  13. ^ Berger, Judson (January 8, 2010). "Economist Was Under Contract With HHS While Touting Health Reform Bill". Fox News. Retrieved November 15, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Jonathan Gruber". New York Times. January 11, 2010. Retrieved September 3, 2014. 

External links[edit]