Jonathan Safran Foer

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This article is about the American writer. For the Australian media personality, see John Safran.
Jonathan Safran Foer
Jonathan Safran Foer.jpg
Jonathan Safran Foer in 2008
Born (1977-02-21) February 21, 1977 (age 38)
Washington, D.C.
Occupation novelist, short story writer
Nationality American
Alma mater Princeton University (AB 1999)
Spouse Nicole Krauss (2004–2014; 2 children)

Jonathan Safran Foer (born February 21, 1977) is an American writer. He is best known for his novels Everything Is Illuminated (2002) and Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close (2005). He teaches creative writing at New York University.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Foer was born in Washington, D.C., the son of Albert Foer, a lawyer and president of the American Antitrust Institute, and Esther Safran Foer, a child of Holocaust survivors born in Poland, who is now the director and CEO of the Sixth & I Historic Synagogue.[2] Foer is the middle son in this Jewish family; his older brother, Franklin, is a former editor of The New Republic and his younger brother, Joshua, is a freelance journalist. Foer was a "flamboyant" and sensitive child who, at the age of 8, was injured in a classroom chemical accident that resulted in "something like a nervous breakdown drawn out over about three years", during which "he wanted nothing, except to be outside his own skin."[2]

Foer attended Georgetown Day School and in 1994 traveled to Israel with other North American Jewish teenagers in a program sponsored by Bronfman youth fellowships.[3] In 1995, while a freshman at Princeton University, he took an introductory writing course with author Joyce Carol Oates,[4] who took an interest in his writing, telling him that he had "that most important of writerly qualities, energy".[5] Foer later recalled that "she was the first person to ever make me think I should try to write in any sort of serious way. And my life really changed after that."[5] Oates served as the advisor to Foer's senior thesis, an examination of the life of his maternal grandfather, the Holocaust survivor Louis Safran. For his thesis, Foer received Princeton's Senior Creative Writing Thesis Prize.[citation needed]

After graduating from Princeton, Foer attended briefly the Mount Sinai School of Medicine before dropping out to pursue his writing career.[6]

Career[edit]

Foer graduated from Princeton in 1999 with a degree in philosophy,[2] and traveled to Ukraine to expand his thesis. In 2001, he edited the anthology A Convergence of Birds: Original Fiction and Poetry Inspired by the Work of Joseph Cornell, to which he contributed the short story, "If the Aging Magician Should Begin to Believe". His Princeton thesis grew into a novel, Everything Is Illuminated, which was published by Houghton Mifflin in 2002. The book earned him a National Jewish Book Award and a Guardian First Book Award.[7] Foer shared the PEN/Robert Bingham Award with fellow authors Will Heinrich and Monique Truong in 2004.[citation needed] In 2005, Liev Schreiber wrote and directed a film adaptation of the novel, which starred Elijah Wood.[citation needed]

Foer's second novel Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close, was published in 2005. In it, Foer used 9/11 as a backdrop for the story of 9-year-old Oskar Schell, who learns how to deal with the death of his father in the World Trade Center. The novel used writing techniques known as visual writing. It follows multiple but interconnected storylines, is peppered with photographs of doorknobs and other such oddities, and ends with a 14-page flipbook. Foer's use of these techniques resulted in both praise[8] and excoriation[9] from critics. Warner Bros. and Paramount turned the novel into a film, produced by Scott Rudin[10] and directed by Stephen Daldry.[11]

In 2005, Foer wrote the libretto for an opera titled Seven Attempted Escapes From Silence, which premiered at the Berlin State Opera on September 14, 2005.[12] In 2006 he recorded the narration for the documentary If This is Kosher..., an exposé of the kosher certification process that advocates Jewish vegetarianism.[13]

Foer in New York to discuss his book Eating Animals.

In spring 2008, Foer taught writing for the first time as a visiting professor of fiction at Yale University.[14] He is currently a professor in the Graduate Creative Writing Program at New York University.[15] Foer published his third novel, Tree of Codes, in November 2010. In March 2012, The New American Haggadah, edited by him and translated by Nathan Englander, was released to mixed reviews.[citation needed]

In May 2012 Foer signed a two-book deal with Little, Brown. His fourth novel, Escape From Children's Hospital, was due for publication in 2014.[16] It is to be "a fictionalised account of when an explosion in a summer camp science class left Safran Foer’s best friend without skin on his face or hands, leaving the author unscathed by inches."[16]

Views[edit]

Vegetarianism[edit]

He has been an occasional vegetarian since the age of 10,[17] and in 2006 he recorded the narration for the documentary If This is Kosher..., an exposé of the kosher certification process that advocates Jewish vegetarianism.[13] In his childhood, teen, and college years, he called himself vegetarian but still often ate meat. Foer's first book of non-fiction, Eating Animals, was published on November 2, 2009.[18] He said that he had long been "uncertain about how I felt [about eating meat]" and that the birth of his first child inspired "an urgency because I would have to make decisions on his behalf".[17][dead link]

Personal life[edit]

In June 2004, Foer married writer Nicole Krauss. They lived in Park Slope in Brooklyn, New York, and have two children.[17] The couple separated amicably in 2014 and now live in different homes elsewhere in Brooklyn, in close proximity to one another.[19]

He is an avid coffee drinker, and gets up daily at 4:00 to start to write.[20]

Criticism[edit]

Foer is viewed by some as a polarizing figure in modern literature, due to his frequent use of modernist literary devices. Harry Siegel of the New York Press, titled an article on Foer "Extremely Cloying and Incredibly False", highlighting the flaws in his style: "Foer is supposed to be our new Philip Roth, though his fortune-cookie syllogisms and pointless illustrations and typographical tricks don't at all match up to or much resemble Roth even at his most inane."[21] Huffington Post contributor Anis Shivani included him in his list of the fifteen most overrated modern American writers.[22]

Works[edit]

Fiction[edit]

Non-fiction[edit]

Recognition[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://cwp.as.nyu.edu/object/cwp.announcement.foer
  2. ^ a b c Deborah Solomon. "The Rescue Artist", The New York Times, 2005-02-27. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
  3. ^ http://www.bronfman.org/What_do_you_learn
  4. ^ Margo Nash. "Learning to Write From the Masters", The New York Times, 2002-12-01. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  5. ^ a b Robert Birnbaum. "Jonathan Safran Foer: Author of Everything is Illuminated talks with Robert Birnbaum", Identity Theory, 2006-05-26. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  6. ^ Anemona Hartocollis. "Getting Into Med School Without Hard Sciences", The New York Times, 2010-07-29. Retrieved 2010-07-30.
  7. ^ Gibbons, Fiachra (2002-12-04). "First journey ends with Guardian book prize". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-05-07. 
  8. ^ Kirn, Walter (2005-04-03). "'Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close': Everything Is Included". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-07. 
  9. ^ Siegel, Harry (2005-04-20). "Extremely Cloying & Incredibly False". Our Town. 
  10. ^ "Press Release for Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close". 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  11. ^ "Stephen Daldry to Bring Safran Foer's Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close to the Screen". Heyuguys.co.uk. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2012-03-31. 
  12. ^ Quinn, Emily. "Opera With Libretto by Novelist Jonathan Safran Foer Will Premiere in Berlin in September", Playbill, 2005-07-25. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
  13. ^ a b Foer, Jonathan Safran. "If This Is Kosher…". 
  14. ^ "Famed Author to Teach Fiction". Yale Daily News. Retrieved 2007-10-19. 
  15. ^ "Jonathan Safran Foer". New York University. Retrieved 2009-03-25. 
  16. ^ a b http://www.bookpage.com/the-book-case/2012/05/02/foers-next-novel-deals-with-childhood-tragedy/
  17. ^ a b c "Interview with Jonathan Safran Foer", The Young and Hungry, 2009-05-03. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
  18. ^ Amazon.com listing for Eating Animals. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
  19. ^ http://www.timesofisrael.com/authors-foer-krauss-have-been-separated-for-a-year/
  20. ^ Gabrielle Langholtz. "Appetites: Jonathan Safran Foer," Edible Brooklyn 11, Spring 2011, pp. 18-19.
  21. ^ ""Extremely Cloying & Incredibly False: Why the Author of Everything Is Illuminated is a Fraud and a Hack" by Harry Siegel". New York Press. 2005-04-20. Retrieved 2014-05-05. 
  22. ^ Shivani, Anis. "The 15 Most Overrated Contemporary American Writers". The Huffington Post. AOL. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  23. ^ "Jonathan Safran Foer | Granta Best of Young American Novelists 2". Granta. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  24. ^ "American Academy Project: Haggadah". 
  25. ^ http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/backissues/2010/06/back-issues-the-future-is-now.html
  26. ^ http://www.jewishjournal.com/nation/article/jonathan_safran_foer_named_to_holocaust_memorial_council

External links[edit]