Jonathan Safran Foer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the American writer. For the Australian media personality, see John Safran.
Jonathan Safran Foer
Jonathan Safran Foer.jpg
Jonathan Safran Foer in 2008
Born (1977-02-21) February 21, 1977 (age 37)
Washington, D.C.
Occupation novelist, short story writer
Nationality American
Alma mater Princeton University (AB 1999)
Spouse Nicole Krauss (2004–2014; 2 children)

Jonathan Safran Foer (born February 21, 1977) is an American writer. He is best known for his novels Everything Is Illuminated (2002) and Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close (2005). In 2009, he published a work of nonfiction titled Eating Animals.[1] He remains a somewhat polarizing figure among contemporary critics and academics, attracting both praise and criticism in equal measure. Foer currently teaches creative writing at New York University.

Early life and education[edit]

Jonathan Safran Foer was born in 1977 in Washington, D.C., the son of Albert Foer, a lawyer and president of the American Antitrust Institute, and Esther Safran Foer, a child of Holocaust survivors born in Poland who is now the director and CEO of the Sixth & I Historic Synagogue.[2] Foer is the middle son in this tight-knit Jewish family; his older brother, Franklin, is a former editor of The New Republic and his younger brother Joshua is a freelance journalist. Foer was a "flamboyant" and sensitive child who, at the age of 8, was injured in a classroom chemical accident that resulted in "something like a nervous breakdown drawn out over about three years", during which "he wanted nothing, except to be outside his own skin."[2]

Foer attended Georgetown Day School and in 1994 travelled to Israel with other North American Jewish teenagers in a program sponsored by Bronfman youth fellowships.[3] In 1995, while a freshman at Princeton University, he took an introductory writing course with author Joyce Carol Oates,[4] who took an interest in his writing, telling him that he had "that most important of writerly qualities, energy".[5] Foer later recalled that "she was the first person to ever make me think I should try to write in any sort of serious way. And my life really changed after that."[5] Oates served as the advisor to Safran Foer's senior thesis, an examination of the life of his maternal grandfather, the Holocaust survivor Louis Safran. For his thesis, Foer received Princeton's Senior Creative Writing Thesis Prize.

After graduating from Princeton, Foer attended briefly the Mount Sinai School of Medicine before dropping out to pursue his writing career.[6]

Career[edit]

Foer graduated from Princeton in 1999 with a degree in philosophy,[2] and traveled to Ukraine to expand his thesis. In 2001, he edited the anthology A Convergence of Birds: Original Fiction and Poetry Inspired by the Work of Joseph Cornell, to which he contributed the short story, "If the Aging Magician Should Begin to Believe". His Princeton thesis grew into a novel, Everything Is Illuminated, which was published by Houghton Mifflin in 2002. The book earned him a National Jewish Book Award and a Guardian First Book Award.[7] Foer shared the PEN/Robert Bingham Award with fellow authors Will Heinrich and Monique Truong in 2004. In 2005, Liev Schreiber wrote and directed a film adaptation of the novel, which starred Elijah Wood.

Foer's second novel Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close, was published in 2005. In the novel, Foer used 9/11 as a backdrop for the story of 9-year-old Oskar Schell, who learns how to deal with the death of his father in the World Trade Center. Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close used many nontraditional writing techniques known as visual writing. It follows multiple but interconnected storylines, is peppered with photographs of doorknobs and other such oddities, and ends with a 14-page flipbook. Foer's use of these techniques resulted in both glowing praise[8] and excoriation[9] from critics. Despite diverse criticism, the novel sold briskly and was translated into several languages. In addition, Warner Bros. and Paramount turned the novel into a film, produced by Scott Rudin,[10] directed by Stephen Daldry (Billy Elliot, The Reader).[11]

In 2005, Foer wrote the libretto for an opera titled Seven Attempted Escapes From Silence, which premiered at the Berlin State Opera on September 14, 2005.[12]In 2006 he recorded the narration for the documentary If This is Kosher..., a harsh exposé of the kosher certification process that advocates Jewish vegetarianism.[13]

Foer in New York to discuss his book Eating Animals.

In spring 2008, Foer taught writing for the first time as a visiting professor of fiction at Yale University.[14] He is currently a professor in the Graduate Creative Writing Program at New York University[15] and published his third novel, Tree of Codes, in November 2010. In March 2012, The New American Haggadah, edited by him and translated by Nathan Englander, was released to mixed reviews.

Foer published his first book of nonfiction, Eating Animals, on November 2, 2009,[16] saying that he had long been "uncertain about how I felt [about eating meat]" and that the birth of his first child inspired "an urgency because I would have to make decisions on his behalf".[17] The book intersperses a personal narrative with a broader argument for vegetarianism.[17]

In May 2012 Foer signed a new two-book deal with Little, Brown and that Foer's fourth novel, entitled Escape From Children's Hospital, is due for publication in 2014.[18] Advance word on the novel has said that the novel will be "a fictionalised account of when an explosion in a summer camp science class left Safran Foer’s best friend without skin on his face or hands, leaving the author unscathed by inches."[18] Foer's U.K. publishers Penguin Books have described the forthcoming novel as "[...] a story about the shared trauma of childhood, the potential destructiveness of storytelling, and the redemptive power of friendship. Weaving precariously between non-fiction and fiction, and existing at the intersection of different styles, the book moves out from that moment in 1985 to the repercussions on the ever-expanding circle of those affected by it."[19] Foer's earliest comment on his first novel was that he was asking, "What actually happened that day? What is a novel capable of? These are the two questions I have been living inside of, and I hope they will answer one another: my novel is what happened that day; and a truthful, experiential telling of that day is what the novel is capable of."[18]

Views[edit]

Vegetarianism[edit]

He has been an occasional vegetarian (some years vegetarian, some years omnivore, occasionally vegan) since the age of 10,[17] and in 2006 he recorded the narration for the documentary If This is Kosher..., a harsh exposé of the kosher certification process that advocates Jewish vegetarianism.[20] In his childhood, teen, and college years, he called himself vegetarian but still often ate meat. Foer writes he is now a vegetarian and does not mention being vegan in his writings. Foer published his first book of non-fiction, Eating Animals, on November 2, 2009.[21] He said that he had long been "uncertain about how I felt [about eating meat]" and that the birth of his first child inspired "an urgency because I would have to make decisions on his behalf".[17]

Brooklyn's gentrification[edit]

In an 2011 interview with Edible Brooklyn, Foer said,

There's always a reason to be disappointed and always a reason to be optimistic. There's always something good and old being replaced by something new and without personality. And yet at the same time there's so much innovation.... Here's the thing about Brooklyn: You go to a restaurant and you see your neighbors there, and I would take that over the very best food.[22]

Personal life[edit]

In June 2004, Foer married writer Nicole Krauss. They lived in Park Slope in Brooklyn, New York, and have two children.[17] The couple separated amicably in 2013 and now live in different homes elsewhere in Brooklyn, in close proximity to one another.[23]

He is an avid coffee drinker, and gets up daily at 4:00 to start to write.[22]

Awards and recognition[edit]

In 2000, Foer was awarded the Zoetrope: All-Story Fiction Prize, in 2003 he won the New York Public Library's Young Lions Fiction Award, and in 2007 he was included in Granta's Best of Young American Novelists 2.[24] That spring 2007, he stayed at the American Academy in Berlin as a Holtzbrinck Fellow.[25]

In June 2010, he was included in The New Yorker magazine's once-a-decade "20 Under 40" list, a list of twenty writers then under the age of forty that the magazine believes “are or will be key to their generation.”[26] Foer was included with writers like Karen Russell, Gary Shteyngart, Wells Tower, Philipp Meyer, and Joshua Ferris.[27]

In January 2013, Foer was appointed to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council, having been recommended for the council personally by President Barack Obama.[28]

Criticism[edit]

Foer is viewed by some as a polarizing figure in modern literature, due to his frequent use of modernist literary devices. Harry Siegel of the New York Press, titled an article on Foer "Extremely Cloying and Incredibly False", highlighting the flaws in his style: "Foer is supposed to be our new Philip Roth, though his fortune-cookie syllogisms and pointless illustrations and typographical tricks don't at all match up to or much resemble Roth even at his most inane."[29] Huffington Post contributor Anis Shivani included him in his list of the fifteen most overrated modern American writers.[30]

Works[edit]

Novels[edit]

Non-fiction books[edit]

Short stories[edit]

  • "The Very Rigid Search" (excerpted from Everything Is Illuminated) (The New Yorker, June 18, 2001)
  • "If the Aging Magician Should Begin to Believe" (included in A Convergence of Birds)
  • "A Primer for the Punctuation of Heart Disease" (The New Yorker, June 10, 2002)
  • "The Sixth Borough" (became part of Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close; also featured in the collection "Noisy Outlaws, Unfriendly Blobs, and Some Other Things That Aren't as Scary, Maybe, Depending on How You Feel About Lost Lands, Stray Cellphones, Creature from the Sky, Parents Who Disappear in Peru, a Man Named Lars Farf, and One Other Story We Couldn't Quite Finish, So Maybe You Could Help Us Out."[31])
  • "Cravings"
  • "About the Typefaces Not Used in This Edition" (The Guardian, December 2, 2002)
  • "Room After Room" (included in Granta's Best of Young American Novelists 2", Granta 97" published in 2007)
  • "Rhoda" (published in The Book of Other People, 2008)
  • "Let Them Eat Dog"
  • "Here We Aren't, So Quickly" (The New Yorker, June 14 & 21, 2010)
  • "Too Near Real" (published in ' '[(New Jersey Noir)]' ' 2011

Other[edit]

  • "Imagining Giovanni's Gift", Review of Contemporary Fiction Vol. 20 (Spring 2000)
  • "The Proximity of Brad to Bradford: A Brief Introduction to the Lifework of Bradford Morrow", Review of Contemporary Fiction Vol. 20 (Spring 2000)
  • A Convergence of Birds: Original Fiction and Poetry Inspired by the Work of Joseph Cornell (2001), Editor and contributor
  • Sock Monkeys: 200 Out of 1,863 (2002), Contributor: "Il Fait Plus Froid Ailleurs"
  • Lost Tribe: Jewish Fiction from the Edge (2003), Contributor: "The Very Rigid Search"
  • Emptiness, Playboy Magazine (January, 2004)
  • The Future Dictionary of America (2004), Co-editor, with Dave Eggers, Nicole Krauss, and Eli Horowitz
  • The Fixer, by Bernard Malamud (2004), Introduction.
  • Masters of American Comics edited by John Carlin (2005), Contributor: "Breakdownable"
  • The Unabridged Pocketbook of Lightning (2005), collects "A Primer for the Punctuation of Heart Disease" and an excerpt from Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close
  • "A Beginner's Guide to Hanukkah", The New York Times (December 22, 2005) op-ed piece
  • Joe, photographs by Hiroshi Sugimoto, designed by Takaaki Matsumoto (2006) Text by Foer
  • "My Life as a Dog", The New York Times (November 27, 2006) op-ed piece
  • The Diary of Petr Ginz, edited by Chava Pressburger (2007), Contributor: "What We Say We Are"
  • The Street of Crocodiles and Other Stories, by Bruno Schultz (Penguin Classics Edition 2008), Forward
  • "La Vie on Pose", Vogue December 2008
  • Ron Arad: No Discipline (MoMA 2009), Contributor: "You Look Up Escape Artist"

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jonathan Safran Foer". Fantasticfiction.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-03-31. 
  2. ^ a b c Solomon, Deborah. "The Rescue Artist", The New York Times, 2005-02-27. Retrieved on 2008-05-24.
  3. ^ http://www.bronfman.org/What_do_you_learn
  4. ^ Nash, Margo. "Learning to Write From the Masters", The New York Times, 2002-12-01. Retrieved on 2008-10-29.
  5. ^ a b Birnbaum, Robert. "Jonathan Safran Foer: Author of Everything is Illuminated talks with Robert Birnbaum", Identity Theory (webzine), 2006-05-26. Retrieved on 2008-10-29.
  6. ^ Hartocollis, Anemona. "Getting Into Med School Without Hard Sciences", The New York Times, 2010-07-29. Retrieved on 2010-07-30.
  7. ^ Gibbons, Fiachra. Gibbons, Fiachra (2002-12-04). "First journey ends with Guardian book prize". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-05-07. 
  8. ^ Kirn, Walter. Kirn, Walter (2005-04-03). "'Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close': Everything Is Included". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-07. 
  9. ^ Siegel, Harry. "Extremely Cloying & Incredibly False". 2005-04-20. 
  10. ^ "Press Release for Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close". Houghton Mifflin Company. 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  11. ^ "Stephen Daldry to Bring Safran Foer's Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close to the Screen". Heyuguys.co.uk. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2012-03-31. 
  12. ^ Quinn, Emily. "Opera With Libretto by Novelist Jonathan Safran Foer Will Premiere in Berlin in September", Playbill, 2005-07-25. Retrieved on 2009-05-24.
  13. ^ Foer, Jonathan Safran. "If This Is Kosher…". 
  14. ^ "Famed Author to Teach Fiction". [1]. Retrieved 2007-10-19. 
  15. ^ "Jonathan Safran Foer". New York University. Retrieved 2009-03-25. 
  16. ^ Amazon.com listing for Eating Animals. Retrieved on 2009-05-24.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Interview with Jonathan Safran Foer", The Young and Hungry, 2009-05-03. Retrieved on 2009-05-24.
  18. ^ a b c http://www.bookpage.com/the-book-case/2012/05/02/foers-next-novel-deals-with-childhood-tragedy/
  19. ^ http://www.thebookseller.com/news/new-safran-foer-penguin.html
  20. ^ Foer, Jonathan Safran. "If This Is Kosher…". 
  21. ^ Amazon.com listing for Eating Animals. Retrieved on 2009-05-24.
  22. ^ a b Langholtz, Gabrielle, "Appetites: Jonathan Safran Foer," Edible Brooklyn 11, Spring 2011, p. 18-19.
  23. ^ http://www.timesofisrael.com/authors-foer-krauss-have-been-separated-for-a-year/
  24. ^ "Jonathan Safran Foer | Granta Best of Young American Novelists 2". Granta. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  25. ^ "American Academy Project: Haggadah". 
  26. ^ http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/backissues/2010/06/back-issues-the-future-is-now.html
  27. ^ http://www.newyorker.com/talk/comment/2010/06/14/100614taco_talk_editors
  28. ^ http://www.jewishjournal.com/nation/article/jonathan_safran_foer_named_to_holocaust_memorial_council
  29. ^ ""Extremely Cloying & Incredibly False: Why the Author of Everything Is Illuminated is a Fraud and a Hack" by Harry Siegel". New York Press. 2005-04-20. Retrieved 2014-05-05. 
  30. ^ Shivani, Anis. "The 15 Most Overrated Contemporary American Writers". The Huffington Post. AOL. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  31. ^ Scieszka, Jon. "Noisy Outlaws, Unfriendly Blobs, and Some Other Things . . .: That Aren't as Scary, Maybe, Depending on How You Feel About Lost Lands, Stray ... So Maybe You Could Help Us Out (Mcsweeneys) (9781932416350): Nick Hornby, Neil Gaiman, Jon Scieszka, Jonathan Safran Foer, Editors of McSweeney's, Lemony Snicket: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-03-31. 

External links[edit]