Jones (Animal Farm)
|First appearance||Animal Farm|
|Last appearance||Animal Farm (Only Appearance)|
|Created by||George Orwell|
|Portrayed by||Maurice Denham as in 1954 film
Tony Robinson in Down on Animal Farm
Pete Postlethwaite as in 1999 film
|Occupation||Farmer & Owner of Manor Farm|
Mr. Jones of Manor Farm is a fictional character in George Orwell's allegorical novel Animal Farm. Jones is an allegory for Tsar Nicholas II. Jones is overthrown by the animals of his farm, who represent Bolshevik and liberal revolutionaries.
Mr. Jones had once been a capable farmer, but in the aftermath of a very damaging lawsuit he becomes an alcoholic and became known for his harsh rule over the animals. Instigated by Old Major, the animals rebel by driving out Mr. Jones, his wife and his workers, and remove him from power, supposedly ending the days of extreme hunger and labor.
Jones attempts to reinstate himself in the farm by attacking the animals, a skirmish the animals later call the Battle of the Cowshed. He is defeated by Snowball's tactics. The animals suffer only one casualty, but many of the men whom Jones brings in from the Foxwood and Pinchfield farms are injured; defeated and frightened, he flees his property, never to return.
At the start of the final chapter, after 'years passed', Jones is mentioned to have died in a home for alcoholics. By this time, most of the animals on the Farm were either born after the Rebellion or were brought in from other farms afterward; many of the remaining animals who were called to the barn by Old Major have died as well. It is mentioned that most of the deceased or exiled were forgotten - Snowball 'was forgotten' as was Boxer, excepting 'the few who had known him'. The days before the Rebellion have been forgotten as well. Only a few pigs, Moses the Raven (who was his 'especial pet'), Clover and Benjamin remember Jones. The pigs and Moses obviously have no inclination to bring their former master up - they don't even mention Snowball, who was a scapegoat for a long number of years. Clover is an old and rather sick mare, past the retirement age that no longer existed. Benjamin is merely more cynical.
The reason for the Rebellion were forgotten; the animals thought that this was the only way of life — they were fed nothing but propaganda. And, of course, the pigs and the humans are indistinguishable by the end — they are worse than the one they overthrew. Mr. Jones, of course, didn't feed the animals lies - and he had once been a capable ruler, something the pigs had never been. If he never drank and did his job, he would never have lost the farm.
In the 1954 animated adaptation of the novel, Jones was portrayed by Maurice Denham, who provided all voices bar the narration. The story is fairly faithful to the novel, except Jones never leaves the area and instead remains in his local pub. When the other major farmers decide to make an attempt to seize Animal Farm, Jones offers to join them but is turned down. Instead, he acquires a large quantity of dynamite and destroys the windmill and himself (due to being drunk). Pete Postlethwaite portrayed Jones in the 1999 live-action film, as a brutish yokel, although his alcoholism is toned down. In this film, he and Mrs. Jones destroy the windmill.
- Special feature on UK 2003 'Special Edition' DVD release of Animal Farm