Joon

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For the Korean name, see Joon (Korean name). For the Dutch athlete, see Pieter Joon.

The Joon or Jun, also known as Zun, Janwar, Janvar and Junvar are a gotra (clan) of the Jat people,[1] who traditionally reside in the state of Haryana, India.

A Jat tribe originally found in Karnal, the Joon later settled in Delhi. Dr Natthan Singh, quoting Dr Budh Prakash, claims that that the Yaudheyas are related with present Dahiya clan and the Arjunayana Ganasanghas were the present Joon clans.

Possible references in Mahabharata[edit]

Maheswari Prasad considers the Joon gotra to originate from an ancient Trigarta Kingdom clan named Jānaki (जानकि). According to Prasad, at the time of the final redaction of the Mahabharata, the tradition of the six important clans of the Trigartas was well established. With the application of a suffix, Panini makes a reference to the Damini (दामिनी) group and the six Trigartas (दामन्यादि त्रिगर्तसष्टाच्छ: v.3.116). On the basis of an ancient verse, the Kashika commentary identifies the Jānaki mentioned in the grammatical literature with the Jat gotra names Janar, Janvar, Janak, Janal, and Janawa.

The Janwar are considered descendants of Raja Janamejaya.

Historical references[edit]

Lake Urmia in Iran has 102 islands and one of them, named Jovin, may be the origin of the Joon.

According to H. A. Rose, the Bagri Jats appear to have once had practices that might be considered totemistic. According to this line of reasoning Joon is said to refer to jun (जूं), meaning "louse".

However, Jat historian Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria) points out a possible connection to elements of the Hephthalites (Sanskrit Sveta Huna; English "White Huns"), which were Scythian/Saka in origin and invaded India in the 5th century. These Hephthalite tribes were the Xun (Jun), Hala, Halan, Jouan/Jouen, Jaria and Jauval/Johl tribes. Jat tribes such as the Virkas, Aulikaras and Dharanas made strenuous efforts to repel the Huns, although some of the Hun tribes also seem have been absorbed by the Jats. The existence of Joon, Hala, Hoon, Halani, Juria, Johl and Johi among the Jats suggests that the above-mentioned Hephthalite tribes, who must have managed to stay in North-Western India, merged with the Jats and retained their ethnonyms.

Some bards refer to the Joons as descendants of Rao Joon of the Solanki dynasty.

According to the Jat historian Ram Sarup Joon:

Raj Raja Ahumal Solanki, forefather of Ahlawat reigned up to 1068 AD.
His son Sameswar II ruled upto 1176 AD. He was dethroned by his brave brother Bikr Manak who ... assumed the title of Kul Jang or Bikramaditya IV. He conquered a large part of South Eastern India and in the Northwest upto Kashmir. A reference to this fact is found in a book of Indian History by Misar Bandhu. In the dynastic tables of the Joon and Maare in possession of a bard of Sonepat, Kulutung reigned upto 1227 AD.
After his death, Solanki rule declined.
The kingdom got divided into petty pockets and eventually disintegrated. Two sons of Rao Gaj Singh of this dynasty, Rao Joon and Rao Maare came North with their mother and uncle Basal Dev and settled down in village Chhochhi in District Rohtak (Haryana). Their mother married Basal Dev and got four children from him.
There are fifteen villages of Joon gotra viz. Chhochhi. Kakrola, Paiharheri, Khungai. Samchana, GadiKheri, Chatthra, Nuna Mazrah (author's village), Lowa Khurd, Desalpur, Ujarda, Abhupur, Nangla Kabir, and Mani Majra.[2]

Famous clan members[edit]

References[edit]