Jophiel

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The Archangel Jophiel (Heb. יופיאל "Beauty of God") is also known as Iophiel, Iofiel, Jofiel, Yofiel ("Divine Beauty"), Youfiel and Zophiel ("My Rock is God").

In religious and magical lore[edit]

According to Robert Means Lawrence,[1] Arthur de Bles, and R.L. Giles, Jophiel was said to be the Angel who cast Adam and Eve out of Paradise[2]

According to the pseudepigraphal Revelation of Moses, another name for Jophiel is Dina. Jophiel/Dina is described as an angel of the seventh heaven, a Cabalistic guardian of the Torah (and wisdom itself), who taught 70 languages to souls at the dawn of creation.[3] The Zohar lists him as a Great Angel Chief in charge of 53 legions who superintend Torah-readings on the Sabbath.[4] Jophiel is said to be a companion to the angel Metatron.[2]

C.E. Clement, in his book 'Angels in Art,' names Jophiel as the teacher of Ham, Japheth, and Shem.[2] Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa[5] and Thomas Rudd likewise name Jophiel as the teacher of Shem.[6]

Jophiel is included as an Archangel in several listings including that of the early medieval theologian pseudo-Dionysus.[7] The Calendarium Naturale Magicum Perpetuum lists Jophiel as the angel of the Sephira Chokhmah,[8] as do the Key of Solomon variant "The Veritable Clavicles of Solomon,"[9] and the Sixth and Seventh Books of Moses,[10] both latter works derived from the Calendarium.[11] Agrippa attributes Jophiel to Saturn, while Paracelsus assigns him to Jupiter.[2] Rudd attributes the Zodiac to Jophiel[12] along with the Sephira Binah.[13] Athanasius Kircher names Jophiel as "Angelus pulchritudinis," angel of beauty.[14] According to Robert Ambelain, Jophiel is in charge of the Cherubim, particularly the Shemhamphorasch angels Haziel, Aladiah, Lauviah, Hahaiah, Iezalel, Mehahel, Hariel, and Hakamiah.[15]

In literature[edit]

Angels of Love and Light describes him as "the Archangel of Paradise and the Patron of Artists and Illumination. He teaches the outer consciousness the Power of Light within oneself. He is also described as "the Yellow Ray of Wisdom, Illumination, and Constancy", and lists his Archeia as Christine also says

John Milton, in his poem Paradise Lost, mentions that Zophiel is "of cherubim the swiftest wing" (Paradise Lost VI, 535).

Zophiel is the subject of a poem by Maria Gowen Brooks.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lawrence, Robert M. (1898), The Magic of the Horse-Shoe, With Other Folk-Lore Notes, Chapter III: The Number Seven at sacred-texts.com
  2. ^ a b c d Davidson, Gustav (1967), A Dictionary of Angels, Including The Fallen Angels, Entry: Iofiel, Free Press, p. 150, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 66-19757, ISBN 9780029070505
  3. ^ Gaster, Moses (1893), "Hebrew Visions of Hell and Paradise," in the Journal of The Royal Asiatic Society, p. 579, at www.sacred-texts.com
  4. ^ Davidson, Gustav (1967), A Dictionary of Angels, Including The Fallen Angels, Entry: Iofiel, Free Press, p. 320, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 66-19757, ISBN 9780029070505
  5. ^ Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, Three Books of Occult Philosophy, Book III, Part 1, ed. Joseph Peterson, hosted at Twilit Grotto Esoteric Archives.
  6. ^ A Treatise on Angel Magic, by Thomas Rudd, ed. Adam McLean, p.25 & 204, (two editions):
    • Phanes Press, 1990
    • Red Wheel/Weiser, 2006
  7. ^ Davidson, Gustav (1967), A Dictionary of Angels, Including The Fallen Angels, Appendix, Free Press, p. 338, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 66-19757, ISBN 9780029070505
  8. ^ The Magical Calender, by Johann Baptist Grossschedel (two editions):
  9. ^ The Veritable Clavicles of Solomon, anonymous, ed. Joseph Peterson, hosted at Twilit Grotto Esoteric Archives
  10. ^ The Sixth and Seventh Books of Moses (part 2), anonymous, ed. Joseph Peterson, hosted at Twilit Grotto Esoteric Archives
  11. ^ The Magical Calender, Peterson edition introduction
  12. ^ Rudd, McLean, pp.100 (2006 ed), p.101 (1990 ed)
  13. ^ Rudd, McLean, p.204 (1990, 2006)
  14. ^ "Cabala Hebraeorum" in Oedipus Aegyptiacus, by Athanasius Kircher, ed. Joseph Peterson, hosted at Twilit Grotto Esoteric Archives
  15. ^ The Complete Magician's Tables, by Stephen Skinner, Golden Hoard Press, 2006, p.41

Further reading[edit]

  • Fischer, Lynn (1996), Angels of Love and Light [with original paintings of the Seven Beloved Archangels and Their Archeiai by Marius Michael-George], Transformational Media Publications, South Yarmouth, MA
  • "Jophiel," Pearls of Wisdom, Volume 7 Number 43, 1994, The Summit Lighthouse, Copyright © 1997 Church Universal and Triumphant
  • "Seven Beloved Archangels Speak," 1954, The Bridge to Freedom