|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
Joppa is an eastern suburb of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. It is bounded on the north by the coast of the Firth of Forth, on the west by Portobello of which it was a suburb when Portobello was a burgh, to the south by the open area south of Milton Road and to the east by Musselburgh in East Lothian. The name "Joppa" appears in the late 18th century and is of uncertain origin. One possibility is from the coastal Biblical town of Joppa (a latinization of its 4th century Greek name Ἰόππη); this is now known as Israeli city of Yafo or Jaffa.
Joppa is now largely residential, but salt was once produced from sea water by evaporation at Joppa Pans. Practically nothing remains of the industrial buildings but the former manager's house is now a hotel. Some light industry has operated from the area near the former station in Brunstane Road, and at Eastfield. Many of the larger houses near the seafront date from the mid to late 19th century, with extensive later areas further inland built up in the mid 20th century.
While the last cable cars were in use in Edinburgh, a line ran through to Joppa, where it connected with the Musselburgh electric tram line. The two lines joined together in 1923 when the Edinburgh system was converted to electricity, and through trams then ran from Levenhall in Musselburgh to Waterloo Place in Edinburgh.
Joppa's skyline is dominated by the 165ft spire of Portobello and Joppa Parish Church (formerly St Philip's Church), situated on the corner of Brunstane Road North. It is built from Binny Stone in the Early Decorated style by Dr John Honeyman (1831-1914) and was completed in 1877. On 2 December 1998 a fire destroyed the roof and much of the interior. It is now fully restored.
On 16 October 1939 the Luftwaffe made a daylight air raid up the Forth to bomb British battleships (HMS Edinburgh, HMS Mohawk and HMS Southampton) at Rosyth. This was the first daylight air raid on Britain. Houses in Morton Street were damaged as a result. The German pilots shot down during the raid were buried, following a ceremony at St Philip's Church, in Portobello Cemetery which lies on Milton Road East. They were the first enemy casualties of the Second World War to be buried on British soil.
The main attractions are now the Joppa Rocks, for their geological interest, and Portobello Beach on the seafront.