Jordal Amfi

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Jordal Amfi
Jordal Amfi
Location Jordal, Oslo, Norway
Coordinates 59°54′40.42″N 10°47′2.19″E / 59.9112278°N 10.7839417°E / 59.9112278; 10.7839417Coordinates: 59°54′40.42″N 10°47′2.19″E / 59.9112278°N 10.7839417°E / 59.9112278; 10.7839417
Broke ground August 1950
Opened 12 December 1951
Renovated 1971 (roof), 1999
Owner Oslo Municipality
Surface Artificial ice
Construction cost NOK 4 million
Architect Frode Rinnan and Olav Tveten
Capacity 4,450
Executive suites 9
Record attendance 10,000
Tenants
Vålerenga Ishockey
1952 Winter Olympics
1958 World Ice Hockey Championships
1999 IIHF World Championship

Jordal Amfi is an indoor ice hockey rink located in the Jordal neighborhood of Oslo, Norway. The 4,450-spectator arena is part of the multi-sports complex Jordal Idrettspark and serves as the primary ice rink in Oslo. It is the home of Get-Ligaen side Vålerenga Ishockey and frequently hosts matches of the Norway national ice hockey team. The arena's design by Frode Rinnan and Olav Tveten is characterized by its asymmetrical shape, giving steep and tall stands on the one end and low stands on the other.

The venue opened on 12 December 1951 to host the ice hockey tournament at the 1952 Winter Olympics. The venue was built without a roof, but featured the first Nordic artificial ice. Jordal was the site of the 1958 World Ice Hockey Championships and would in the following decades also serve boxing matches. A roof was retrofitted in 1971, which also saw the original 10,000 spectator capacity be reduced through the installation of seats. The venue was most recently upgraded in 1999, in able to co-host the 1999 IIHF World Championship. The site is proposed to host a new arena which is part of the Oslo bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics.

History[edit]

When Oslo was awarded the Winter Olympics in 1947,[1] there were no suitable venues to host Olympic ice hockey, as there were no arenas with artificial ice and all ice rinks were part of multi-sports venues. The organizing committee applied for exemption to allow them to use multi-sport venues, but the motion was dismissed.[2] The controversies surrounding ice hockey at the 1948 Winter Olympics, in which two teams arrived in St. Moritz to compete for the United States at the 1948 Winter Olympics, nearly caused the International Olympic Committee to terminate the 1952 competition. However, it was reinstated in 1951.[3]

Jordal Amfi in 1952

The use of artificial ice was at the time not obligatory for Olympic ice competitions. It had only been used once before, at the 1936 Winter Olympics. The city had several incentives for building an artificial rink. In addition to the post-Olympic value of having a quality venue, the committee would not have to designated an out-of-town reserve venue, should there be fair weather during the Olympics.[4] Several locations were considered. The main Jordal proponent was Labor-politician Rolf Hofmo, who was instrumental in deciding on the location,[5] which was at the site of a former brickyard, hence the dug-out hill location. This was also the location of Jordal Stadion, a local stadium built between 1930 and 1936.[6]

The choice of Jordal had the drawback of poor ground conditions and that the site was a hill. This was overcome by the architects Frode Rinnan and Olav Tveten by building the venue into the hill as an amphitheater, hence the name, along with a stage at the low end. Construction was budgeted to cost 2 million Norwegian krone (NOK), but construction cost NOK 4 million.[5] The overruns were largely caused by difficult ground conditions and the hillside location, with a more conventional location estimated to have halved the construction costs.[7] Half a million krone were also spent because the venue used a year to receive a building permit, so the bulk of construction could not start until early 1951, a year after schedule,[5] although preliminary construction started in August 1950.[2] Jordal contributed to more than half the total cost overruns for the 1952 Winter Olympic venues.[5]

Spectator seating and the stage in 1952

The inaugural configuration had a capacity for 10,000 spectators. For the Olympics there were installed a time-keeping system from Longines, ten commentator and press desks with telephones and two telephone booths. A 60-kilowatt, 400 lux floodlight system was installed.[8] The venue was inaugurated on 12 December 1951 with a hockey match between Norway and Switzerland. Jordal was the first artificial ice rink in the Nordic Countries,[5] and at the time among the most modern hockey rinks in Europe.[9]

In the late 1950s Sonja Henie offered to pay the cost of covering the arena with a roof. This was at the time rejected by the municipality, citing concerns with the venue's architecture being spoiled. However, the lack of a roof placed any event the mercy of the weather, and it gradually became evident that a roof would have to be built. When it was installed in 1971, it was at the cost of the municipality. The stadium was then converted from standing to a seated stands, reducing capacity from 8,000 to 5,000 spectators. It also saw the removal of the stage.[10] This made it Norway's sixth indoor ice rink. The youth rink, built next to Jordal Amfi, opened in 1989, as the twentieth indoor ice hockey rink in the country.[11] The same year the venue received a series of minor upgrades, followed up with a new ventilation and lighting system in 1993 and a new audio system in 1994.[12]

League match between Vålerenga and Spara Warriors in 2012

Oslo Spektrum opened in 1990 as was planned as the new main venue for ice hockey and handball in Oslo. However, the venue soon turned out to be too expensive for sports, and Jordal soon again became the main ice hockey venue in town.[13] With Norway being awarded the 1999 IIFH World Championships, Oslo Spektrum and its larger capacity were initially considered as the Oslo venue, but was discarded because of the renting cost.[14] Upgrades to Jordal were estimated to cost NOK 25 million and the upgrades were passed by the municipal council in November 1997.[15] The upgrades included four new locker rooms, new seats, upgrades to the technical equipment, a new vestibule, new entrances, better toilets and concessions and the construction of luxury boxes.[12] Construction was heavily delayed; while it was intended to be completed on 8 October 1998, it was finished only days before the opening of the World Championships in May 1999.[16]

Facilities[edit]

Being located on the site of an old brickyard, the architecture took advantage of the hillside and dug the venue deep into the hill. This also results in the venue having a highly asymmetric shape, with tall spectator stands on the one side and nearly none on the other.[6] The arena has a capacity for 4,450 spectators, of which 3,078 can be seated. It also features nine luxury suites.[17] The asymmetrical shape and retrofitted roof have given the arena several undesirable traits. The roof is only 7 to 13 meters (23 to 43 ft) above the surface, and the roof contributes to poor ice quality. It is generally unmodern, has poor sight lines and lacks proper space at the ends for press and teams. The stands are steep, diminishing accessibility, complicating logistics and hampering even able-bodied spectators.[18]

Roof fastening

Jordal Amfi is part of Jordal Idrettspark, a municipal multi-sports complex in the Oslo neighborhood of Jordal.[6] Also on the premises are the offices of the Norwegian Ice Hockey Federation and a smaller indoor ice hockey rink, Ungdomshallen ("The Youth Rink"),[10] with capacity for 400 spectators.[11] The venue is located 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) from the city center. It is located close by Ensjø Station on the Oslo Metro and Ruter's bus line 37.[19]

Events[edit]

The ice rink is the home venue of Vålerenga Ishockey, the ice hockey division of Vålerengens IF, a multi-sports club from the neighborhood. Vålerenga Ishockey playes in Get-Ligaen, the premier domestic ice hockey league. The venue variously used by Vålerenga's recreational teams as well as their elite team.[17] Vålerenga drew an average 2,004 spectators in their home regular-season games in the 2012–13 season.[20]

Jordal was one of five venues used for ice hockey at the 1952 Winter Olympics, along with Dælenenga, Marienlyst, Lillestrøm and Kadettangen. Of 37 matches, 23 were played at Jordal between 15 and 25 February.[21] They were organized as a round-robin tournament with nine participating teams. It doubled as a Ice Hockey World Championships and a European Ice Hockey Championship.[22] The tournament was won by the Edmonton Mercurys, which represented Canada.[23] The figure skating training was originally planned at Jordal Amfi, but was instead moved to Jordal Stadion, to allow the participants to train on natural rather than artificial ice.[24]

The arena as hosted the World Ice Hockey Championships three times. The first, in 1958, consisted of an eight-team round-robin tournament with all games held at Jordal between 28 February and 9 March. The tournament was won by Whitby Dunlops, representing Canada, in a decisive match against the Soviet Union, which drew a crowd of 10,000 spectators.[10] Jordal and Kristins Hall in Lillehammer hosted the B-Group of the 1989 World Ice Hockey Championships, with eighteen matches being hosted in Oslo.[25] The A-Group 1999 edition, played between 1 and 16 May, was contested jointly with Håkons Hall in Lillehammer and Hamar Olympic Amphitheatre. Jordal hosted half the group stage and quarter final matches.[26]

Sonja Henie and Rudy Richards performing at Jordal in 1955

Sonja Henie put on a major figure skating show in 1955, and revisited the venue to hold shows on occasion.[27] During the summer the venue was used to host various events, such as concerts and public meetings.[6] Between 1958 and 1979, Jordal Amfi was regularly used for international professional boxing bouts.[28][29][30][31]

Future[edit]

Aerial view of Jordal Idrettspark in 1965

The arena was part of the Oslo bid for the 2018 Winter Olympics, intended to be used for curing events.[32] Jordal Amfi is also being considered for the Oslo bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics. These initially focused on the venue's suitability as a 3,000 or more spectator curling hall.[18] Later the site was instead proposed as a 12,000 seat short track speed skating and figure skating venue.[33] The most recent plans have proposed that a venue at Jordal either host curling or serve as the smaller ice hockey arena.[34] However, the venue is largely considered unsuitable as an Olympic venue, based on the low ceiling, steep stands, difficult logistics and asymmetrical shape.[18]

Jordal Amfi itself has been considered worthy of preservation by the municipality, and it is unlike that permission would be granted for it to be demolished. Should a new hockey venue be built for Vålerenga, either at Jordal or elsewhere in Oslo, Jordal Amfi could be reverted to its pre-roof form and used for various recreational activities.

The Oslo bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics calls for a new venue to be built at the current location of Jordal Stadion, and a new, spectator-free recreational football pitch be built south of the current stadium. This would allow the north-western corner of the multi-sports complex to serve as a site for an all-new hockey venue. It is being considered built in two sizes, one with 4,500 seats for curling, or 6,200 seats for hockey. Either way, Vålerenga would use it as its new home. A new venue is estimated to cost NOK 348 million. In addition would come temporary facilities, upgrades to Jordal Amfi and post-Olympic reconstruction, bringing the investment costs to NOK 400 million.[34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Organising Committee for the VI Winter Olympic Games (1952): 20
  2. ^ a b Organising Committee for the VI Winter Olympic Games (1952): 30
  3. ^ Duplacey (1998): 503
  4. ^ Andersen (1952): 18
  5. ^ a b c d e Kroge (1995): 79
  6. ^ a b c d Engh (1984): 98
  7. ^ Andersen (1952): 19
  8. ^ Organising Committee for the VI Winter Olympic Games (1952): 31
  9. ^ Andersen (1952): 81
  10. ^ a b c Kroge (1995): 81
  11. ^ a b Norwegian Ice Hockey Association. "Ishaller" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Nygaard, Brynjulf (27 August 1997). "Slik kan nye Jordal Amfi bli". Aftenposten Aften (in Norwegian). p. 44. 
  13. ^ Hanstad, Dag Vidar (5 September 1997). "Spektrum uten spekter". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 2. 
  14. ^ Sæther, Egil (1 December 1998). "Lover ikke mer idrett i Oslo Spektrum". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 51. 
  15. ^ Hollie, Erik (17 November 1997). "Jordal Amfi blir rehabilitert". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 12. 
  16. ^ Halvorsen, Stein (25 April 1999). "Full fart på VM-arenaen". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 54. 
  17. ^ a b "Jordal Amfi" (in Norwegian). Vålerenga Ishockey. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c "Mulighetsstudie arenaer OL i Norge 2022" (in Norwegian). Oslo Municipality. p. 29. Archived from the original on 24 November 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Jordal Amfi". Visit Oslo. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  20. ^ "Attendance". Norwegian Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  21. ^ Organising Committee for the VI Winter Olympic Games (1952): 32
  22. ^ Andersen (1952): 82
  23. ^ "Edmonton Waterloo Mercurys 1952". Alberta Sports Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  24. ^ Andersen (1952): 57
  25. ^ "Lillehammer og Oslo deler BVM" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 16 October 1987. 
  26. ^ "Ishockey: VM-programmet" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 22 April 1999. 
  27. ^ Kroge (1995): 80
  28. ^ "Jordal Amfi". Boxrec. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  29. ^ "Jordal Amfi Ice Stadium". Boxrec. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  30. ^ "Jordal Amfi Theater". Boxrec. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  31. ^ "Jordal Amfi Theatre". Boxrec. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  32. ^ "Oslos søknad om Olympiske vinterleker og Paralympics i 2018" (in Norwegian). Oslo Municipality. 2007. p. 17. Archived from the original on 22 March 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  33. ^ Hofoss, Espen (1 March 2012). "Slik kan Oslo-OL i 2022 bli". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 24 November 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  34. ^ a b "Leveranse 2, Utredning Ishockey 2, Jordal" (in Norwegian). Oslo Municipality. 2013. pp. 9–13. Archived from the original on 24 November 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Andersen, P. Chr. (1952). De olympiske vinterleker Oslo 1952 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Dreyers Forlag. 
  • Duplacey, James (1998). Total Hockey: The official encyclopedia of the National Hockey League. Total Sports. ISBN 0-8362-7114-9. 
  • Engh, Arne; Gunnarsjaa (1984). Oslo en arkitekturguide (in Norwegian). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. ISBN 82-00-05961-8. 
  • Kroge, Gunnar (1995). "Jordal Amfi". In Eriksen, Arvid. Norske idrettsanlegg (in Norwegian). Oslo: Sportsboken. ISBN 82-90773-06-4. 
  • Organising Committee for the VI Winter Olympic Games (1952). Olympic Winter Games Oslo 1952 (pdf). Oslo. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 12 June 2012.