Jordanów

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other places with the same name, see Jordanów (disambiguation).

Jordanów
Town Hall
Town Hall
Coat of arms of Jordanów
Coat of arms
Jordanów is located in Poland
Jordanów
Jordanów
Coordinates: 49°40′N 19°50′E / 49.667°N 19.833°E / 49.667; 19.833Coordinates: 49°40′N 19°50′E / 49.667°N 19.833°E / 49.667; 19.833
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
County Sucha
Gmina Jordanów (urban gmina)
Established 1564
Town rights 1564
Government
 • Mayor Zbigniew Kolecki
Area
 • Total 21.03 km2 (8.12 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 5,286
 • Density 250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 34-240
Area code(s) +48 18
Car plates KSU
Website http://www.jordanow.pl/

Jordanów (Jordanów), is a town in southern Poland, on the Skawa river. Population: 5234 inhabitants (December 2010).

Jordanów was founded in 1564 by Spytko Jordan on the salt road from Kraków and Wieliczka to Orava and Hungary. In 1581 it got a right to organize annual fairs, which in 17th century became famous in south regions of the Crown. Main goods traded there were linen, cattle and salt. Since 1999, Jordanów has been situated in Sucha County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship. It was previously in Nowy Sacz Voivodeship from 1975 to 1998.

Jordanow is the oldest town on the territory of Sucha Beskidzka County. Its history dates back to a royal privilege, issued in 1564 by King Zygmunt August, upon which Spytek Jordan of Zakliczyn was allowed to found a new town. Jordan himself was a rich and influential nobleman, a starosta of Kraków and Crown podskarbi.

The town of Jordanow was located on the grounds of the village of Malejowa, with Magdeburg rights charter. Spytek Jordan, who was regarded as an enlightened man, planned the town square with a town hall (1571), hoping that Jordanow would emerge as an important trade and craft center. After Spytko’s death, Jordanow belonged to his wife Anna Sieniawska, and then to several noble families. In 1576, Stefan Batory confirmed Jordanow’s charter, allowing for two fairs a year. Jordanow prospered, with inns, restaurants, artisans, and warehouses of salt and Hungarian wine, a very popular commodity in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Following the first partition of Poland (1772) Jordanow was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, and remained in Austrian Galicia until 1918. During Austrian rule the town declined, with the situation slowly improving after 1884, when a railroad line with a station was completed. In the Second Polish Republic, Jordanow was a spa, nicknamed Green Town. The town, however, remained poor, with high unemployment and no industry.

In early September 1939, during the Invasion of Poland, Jordanow was burned by the Wehrmacht (see also Battle of Jordanow). Out of 400 houses, 270 were completely destroyed. The town was once again burned in January 1945, and for its sufferings, in 1984 was awarded the Order of the Cross of Grunwald.

External links[edit]