Jordan Grand Prix

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Jordan
Jordan Grand Prix logo.png
Full name Jordan Grand Prix
Base Silverstone, Northamptonshire, UK
Founder(s) Eddie Jordan
Noted staff Gary Anderson
Mike Gascoyne
Sam Michael
Rob Smedley
Noted drivers Brazil Rubens Barrichello
United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
United Kingdom Damon Hill
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
Germany Michael Schumacher
France Jean Alesi
Germany Ralf Schumacher
Italy Andrea de Cesaris
Italy Giancarlo Fisichella
Next name Midland F1 Racing
Formula One World Championship career
Debut 1991 United States Grand Prix
Races competed 250
Constructors'
Championships
None (Best finish: 3rd in 1999)
Drivers'
Championships
None (Best finish: Frentzen 3rd in 1999)
Race victories 4
Pole positions 2
Fastest laps 2
Final race 2005 Chinese Grand Prix

Jordan Grand Prix (also known as Eddie Jordan Racing or simply Jordan GP) was an Irish-registered[1] Formula One constructor that competed from 1991 to 2005. The team is named after Irish businessman and founder Eddie Jordan. Jordan and his team were well known for a "rock and roll" attitude which added colour and character to Formula One in the 1990s.

In early 2005, the team was sold to Midland Group, who competed for one final season as 'Jordan', before renaming the team as MF1 Racing for the 2006 season, before being sold later in 2006 to Dutch car manufacturer Spyker to become Spyker F1 for 2007, and then sold again to become Force India in 2008.

Early history[edit]

Eddie Jordan had a brief stint as a race driver in the late 1970s before founding Eddie Jordan Racing in the early 1980s. The team first came to prominence in British Formula Three with a legendary duel between one-time Jordan test driver Ayrton Senna and Jordan-Ralt driver Martin Brundle, edged out by the Brazilian at the last round of the championship. The team graduated to International Formula 3000 for 1988, winning its first race in the category with Johnny Herbert. In 1989, Jordan won the F3000 drivers' championship with future Formula One star Jean Alesi. The team also ran future F1 drivers such as Martin Donnelly and Eddie Irvine in F3000.

Formula One[edit]

The beginning[edit]

Bertrand Gachot giving Jordan its F1 début at the 1991 United States Grand Prix.

Jordan's success in lower formulae inspired the creation of a Formula One programme for the 1991 season and a change of name to Jordan Grand Prix. The first driver to test a Jordan F1 car was veteran Ulsterman John Watson. Jordan hired Italian veteran Andrea de Cesaris and Belgian Bertrand Gachot to race his first cars, which were powered by Ford. The team had a very solid debut finishing 5th in the Constructors' Championship, with de Cesaris finishing 9th in the Drivers' Championship. De Cesaris ran second for much of the Belgian Grand Prix, and was actually gaining on leader Ayrton Senna until the car failed in the closing laps. Gachot failed to end the season after being sent to prison for attacking a taxi driver. Gachot was replaced for the Belgian Grand Prix by Michael Schumacher, for whom the team received $150,000 from Mercedes-Benz who were keen to give their young German sportscar star experience of Grand Prix racing in readiness for the firm's future F1 ambitions.[2] Despite Jordan's signed agreement in principle with Mercedes for the remainder of the season, Schumacher was signed by Benetton-Ford for the following race. Jordan applied for an injunction in the UK courts to prevent Schumacher driving for Benetton, but lost the case as they had not yet signed a contract.[3] Future Champ Car title winner Alessandro Zanardi and ousted Benetton driver Roberto Moreno filled the second car afterwards. Success for Jordan literally came at a high price. The team was forced to switch to cheaper Yamaha engines for the 1992 season. With Maurício Gugelmin and Stefano Modena driving, the team struggled badly and failed to score a point until the final race of the season.

Eddie Irvine driving for Jordan at the 1995 British Grand Prix.

1993 saw further changes, with the team again changing engine suppliers, this time to Hart. Again, the season started with two new drivers, Ivan Capelli and Brazilian rookie Rubens Barrichello. Capelli left after two races and Barrichello saw five other drivers become team mates of his during the 1993 campaign. Jordan only had moderate improvement, scoring three points. Signs of stability were beginning to show near the end of the season when Barrichello was joined by Eddie Irvine, a former Jordan driver in F3000. The Ulsterman finished sixth and secured a point on his debut Formula One race at Suzuka. It was further memorable because Irvine unlapped himself against an F1 great, McLaren's Ayrton Senna, in order to overtake Damon Hill. After the race finished, an incensed Senna stormed into the Jordan garage and punched Irvine in the face.[4]

Barrichello and Irvine returned for the 1994 season, as did the Hart engines, but Irvine had a bad start to the season, earning a three-race ban for reckless driving. Barrichello earned the team their first top three finish in Japan at the Pacific Grand Prix, but was nearly killed during the following race in San Marino following a frightening qualifying crash. The team overcame these difficulties and returned to their initial form as they finished fifth in the Constructors' Championship again. Barrichello earned Jordan's first pole position after a gamble during a wet qualifying session in Belgium, and finished 6th in the Drivers' Championship with 19 points. This achievement stunned the Formula 1 big teams given the fact that a team with such a low budget with an engine designed and built by Darrell O'Brien/Hart Engineering achieved 5th in the constructor's championship with 28 points.

Jordan switched to Peugeot power in 1995. During the Canadian Grand Prix that year, both Barrichello and Irvine finished on the podium, finishing second and third respectively. It was the highlight to an unspectacular but relatively solid year for Jordan, as they hung around mid-pack to finish 6th in the Championship.

Eddie Jordan, founder and owner of Jordan Grand Prix, greets the fans in Montreal in 1996

When Irvine left in 1996 to become Michael Schumacher's team mate at Ferrari, Jordan replaced him with veteran Martin Brundle, the ex-Le Mans winner and World Sportscar Champion. The team failed to make the podium, but both drivers managed to score a string of fourth place finishes as the team scored yet another 5th among the constructors. 1996 also saw the team adopt their bright-yellow color scheme which would become their trademark.

Late 1990s ascent[edit]

Jordan introduced nose arts from 1997 to 2001, their snake mascot Hissing Sid in the first year.

1997 saw the departure of both drivers from the previous year. Barrichello left for the newly formed Stewart Grand Prix, whilst Brundle became a Formula One commentator for ITV. Jordan replaced them with Italian Giancarlo Fisichella, who had raced for Minardi the previous year, and young Ralf Schumacher, Michael's brother. Again, the team finished 5th in the Championship, with Fisichella achieving two podium finishes. At Hockenheim, Fisichella had led the race, but lost out to an inspired Gerhard Berger before retiring when a puncture holed his car's radiator. The Italian's other highlight was scoring the fastest race lap at the Spanish Grand Prix. A lowlight of the season came in Argentina when Ralf Schumacher took out his Italian team-mate during the race, which was tempered by Ralf's first podium.

In 1998, the team made its biggest signing as former World Champion Damon Hill, a graduate of Jordan's F3000 programme, replaced Fisichella. The team also replaced its Peugeots, which went to Prost, with Mugen Honda motors. Up to the halfway point of the season, Jordan had failed to score a single point due to reliability problems. However, things improved greatly towards the end of the season. At that year's rain-soaked Belgian Grand Prix in which only six cars finished, Hill earned Jordan their first ever Formula One win, which was also Hill's 22nd career Grand Prix victory. Ralf Schumacher sweetened the victory by finishing second. Hill finished 6th in the driver's standings with Ralf 10th. Hill's heroic last lap, last-corner move on Heinz-Harald Frentzen at Suzuka enabled him to finish the race in fourth and also earned Jordan fourth in the Constructors Championship for 1998 (this was tempered by speculation that Frentzen had "gifted" the place to Hill, the German having confirmed a move to Jordan for 1999, after a tumultuous career with Williams).

The 1999 season was Jordan's most successful in F1, with Heinz-Harald Frentzen winning two races. The team finished third in the constructors' championship.

With Frentzen and Ralf Schumacher swapping teams for 1999 (Frentzen at Jordan and Ralf at Williams), the season would turn out to be a nightmare for Hill, who was to retire at the end of the season. However, Frentzen's season was immensely successful, with the German earning two victories and a pole position. For a short while Frentzen had entertained thoughts of a world title, but poor luck and greater speed from McLaren and Ferrari ended his hopes. Frentzen finished third in the Drivers' Championship and the team also finished third amongst the Constructors'. 1999 was to be the team's finest season.

Decline[edit]

Noses and front wings in the Jordan garages at the 2005 United States Grand Prix

For 2000 Hill was replaced by Jarno Trulli, fresh from a couple of years at Prost and Minardi. His qualifying speed in particular impressed, but he was unable to score a podium. Frentzen was unable to replicate the glories of 1999 and the team slipped back to 6th in the Constructors' Championship. The team had been on course for major points at Monaco, but poor luck intervened: Trulli was ahead of eventual winner David Coulthard until his engine expired.

Both drivers returned to start 2001 and Jordan switched to works Honda engines which were already being supplied to rival team BAR. This would lead to a battle for the right to use the Honda engines in the long term. Frentzen was released from the team in mid-season, a series of disagreements with team boss Eddie Jordan a possible explanation. Jordan himself has admitted that he dropped Frentzen to bring in Takuma Sato for 2002, an attempt to satisfy Honda. Frentzen was replaced by test driver Ricardo Zonta at the German Grand Prix, but from thereafter Jean Alesi, in the final stages of his Formula One career, took the seat. Amidst all the turmoil, Trulli managed to score points every now and then, and the team, as it had done many times before, finished 5th in the constructor's, ahead of rivals BAR.

Giancarlo Fisichella driving for the Jordan Grand Prix team at Indianapolis in 2002.

Jordan re-organised in 2002, with Fisichella returning and Takuma Sato joining the team, thanks in no small part to Honda's influence. Due to a drop in sponsorship money the team slipped backwards. Fisichella often exceeded the car's abilities in qualifying, a sixth place on the grid in Montreal surprising many onlookers. Yet results-wise, the Italian had to make do with a trio of fifth places and a sixth place from Hungary. Sato showed flashes of promise, but managed just two points at his home race. Despite the drop in form, Jordan still managed sixth in the championship, two places ahead of main rivals BAR. For 2003, Honda left Jordan to concentrate on their partnership with BAR. Jordan had to make do with Ford Cosworth engines, and the season was not regarded as a success. Despite beating only Minardi to score 9th in the standings, Jordan won in 2003. This came under bizarre circumstances in the Brazilian Grand Prix which took place in heavy rain. Following a massive accident on the start/finish straight, the race was red flagged and stopped. After some initial confusion, Giancarlo Fisichella was initially ruled to have finished a still remarkable second behind Kimi Räikkönen who took the top step on the podium. However, an FIA inquiry several days later led to Fisichella being officially declared the winner of his first F1 race. Fisichella was therefore, unable to celebrate his first career victory on the top step of the podium, although he and Räikkönen swapped their drivers' trophies in an impromptu ceremony at the following race in San Marino, while McLaren's Ron Dennis handed over the constructors' trophy to Eddie Jordan. Aside from the opportunistic win, neither Fisichella or rookie teammate Ralph Firman were able to achieve any sort of success in their EJ13s. After Firman was injured in practice for the Hungarian Grand Prix Jordan fielded the first ever Hungarian Formula One driver, Zsolt Baumgartner. Firman returned for the final two events, but was unable to add to the point he won in Spain. Fisichella only managed two points on top of his victory and unhappy at the team's form he departed for Sauber.

In June 2003 Jordan sued mobile phone company Vodafone for £150 million, claiming that the company had made a verbal contract for a three-year sponsorship, then given it to Ferrari instead. Jordan withdrew the action two months later, agreeing to pay Vodafone's costs. This was a double financial blow from which the team did not recover. The judge was highly critical of Eddie Jordan, branding the allegations against Vodafone "without foundation and false".[5]

Nick Heidfeld driving for Jordan at the 2004 Canadian Grand Prix.

In 2004, Jordan struggled financially, and their status for the future was questionable. The team fielded German Nick Heidfeld, formerly of Sauber and Prost, and Italian rookie Giorgio Pantano. Ex-F3000 champion Heidfeld showed promise, but could not achieve many good results due to the car's initial pace being poor. Pantano's season was dogged by sponsorship problems. He missed Canada due to a lack of funding, with Timo Glock stepping in to replace him. Glock managed to score two points on his debut, finishing just ahead of Heidfeld, although these had been earned after the two Toyota and Williams cars had been disqualified for brake duct irregularities. Later in the season, Glock replaced Pantano permanently. As in the previous season, the team finished ahead of only Minardi at the bottom of the constructors standings.

Sale to Midland Group[edit]

Main article: Midland F1 Racing

After Ford's decision to put Cosworth up for sale, Jordan had been left without an engine deal for 2005. However, at short notice, Toyota agreed to supply Jordan with engines identical to those in the works Toyota cars. At the beginning of 2005, the team was sold to the Midland Group for US $60 million.

The Jordan name was retained for the 2005 Formula One season, before being changed to Midland MF1 Racing for the 2006 season. Throughout 2005, journalists questioned whether Midland were in Formula One for the long haul. Rumours circulated throughout the season that the team was for sale, and that former driver Eddie Irvine was interested in buying them. The year also saw the debut of two new rookie drivers, Narain Karthikeyan and Tiago Monteiro. 2005 merely confirmed Jordan's status at the back of the grid. A final podium came in the highly controversial race at Indianapolis, with Monteiro leading home a Jordan 3-4. Monteiro managed an excellent eighth place at Spa in wet conditions to give the team its last ever point. The final race for the team saw a low-key exit, with Monteiro finishing 11th and Karthikeyan crashing out spectacularly. Over the years Jordan introduced many star names to the sport, something that will not be forgotten. Jordan also has a link with the leading German drivers of the era, with Michael Schumacher, Ralf Schumacher, Heinz-Harald Frentzen, Timo Glock and Nick Heidfeld all driving for the outfit.

Sponsorship[edit]

From 1996 to 2005, Benson & Hedges was the primary sponsor of Jordan. At races where the ban on cigarette advertising was in force, the name was substituted for "Bitten & Hisses" (in 1997 when Jordan's mascot was the snake Hissing Sid) or the names of the team's drivers, Giancarlo Fisichella and Ralf Schumacher, with additional 'S's, "Buzzing Hornets" (while the mascot was an unnamed hornet from 1998 to 2000), "Bitten Heroes" (during 2001, when the team's mascot was a shark), and from 2002 onwards 'Be On Edge' (BENSON & HEDGES). It was in the sponsor's first year that the team coloured their cars in the gold of their cigarette packet and then switched to yellow after that.

For 2002, title sponsorship went to delivery company DHL, before reverting to Benson & Hedges.

EJ-10[edit]

EJ-10 was an energy drink marketed by the Jordan Formula One team. The energy drink was heavily advertised as free of caffeine and taurine to avoid a sugar crash, and as having a fruity flavor and providing energy for up to 90 minutes. It was sold in bright yellow 250 mL and 380 mL bottles, decorated to evoke the image of Jordan's Formula One cars.[6] Jordan Grand Prix used the Sutherland Hawes design agency to create and market the energy drink.[7] At the height of its popularity EJ-10 was available around the world, including Ireland, Germany, Colombia, Ecuador, Saudi Arabia, and Mexico.[8][9]

In 2002, the 380 ml bottles of EJ-10 were recalled in Ireland after it was discovered it contained unacceptable levels of benzene.[10]

V-10 is a spinoff of EJ-10; it retains the basic formula but adds vodka.[11]

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres No. Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Points WCC
1991 191 Ford HB4 3.5 V8 G USA BRA SMR MON CAN MEX FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 13 5th
32 Belgium Bertrand Gachot 10 13 Ret 8 5 Ret Ret 6 6 9
Germany Michael Schumacher Ret
Brazil Roberto Moreno Ret 10
Italy Alessandro Zanardi 9 Ret 9
33 Italy Andrea de Cesaris DNPQ Ret Ret Ret 4 4 6 Ret 5 7 13 7 8 Ret Ret 8
1992 192 Yamaha OX99 3.5 V12 G RSA MEX BRA ESP SMR MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 1 11th
32 Italy Stefano Modena DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret 15 DNQ 13 7 6
33 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin 11 Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret 15 10 14 Ret Ret Ret Ret
1993 193 Hart 1035 3.5 V10 G RSA BRA EUR SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 3 10th
14 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Ret Ret 10 Ret 12 9 Ret 7 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 5 11
15 Italy Ivan Capelli Ret DNQ
Belgium Thierry Boutsen Ret Ret 11 Ret 12 11 Ret 13 9 Ret
Italy Marco Apicella Ret
Italy Emanuele Naspetti Ret
United Kingdom Eddie Irvine 6 Ret
1994 194 Hart 1035 3.5 V10 G BRA PAC SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR EUR JPN AUS 28 5th
14 Brazil Rubens Barrichello 4 3 DNQ Ret Ret 7 Ret 4 Ret Ret Ret 4 4 12 Ret 4
15 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine Ret EX EX EX 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 Ret 7 4 5 Ret
Japan Aguri Suzuki Ret
Italy Andrea de Cesaris Ret 4
1995 195 Peugeot A10 3.0 V10 G BRA ARG SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR EUR PAC JPN AUS 21 6th
14 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 2 6 11 Ret 7 6 Ret 11 4 Ret Ret Ret
15 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine Ret Ret 8 5 Ret 3 9 Ret 9 13 Ret Ret 10 6 11 4 Ret
1996 196 Peugeot A12 EV5 3.0 V10 G AUS BRA ARG EUR SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN 22 5th
11 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Ret Ret 4 5 5 Ret Ret Ret 9 4 6 6 Ret 5 Ret 9
12 United Kingdom Martin Brundle Ret 12 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret 6 8 6 10 Ret Ret 4 9 5
1997 197 Peugeot A14 3.0 V10 G AUS BRA ARG SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA AUT LUX JPN EUR 33 5th
11 Germany Ralf Schumacher Ret Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 5 5 5 Ret Ret 5 Ret 9 Ret
12 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella Ret 8 Ret 4 6 9 3 9 7 11 Ret 2 4 4 Ret 7 11
1998 198 Mugen-Honda MF-301 HC 3.0 V10 G AUS BRA ARG SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR AUT GER HUN BEL ITA LUX JPN 34 4th
9 United Kingdom Damon Hill 8 DSQ 8 10 Ret 8 Ret Ret Ret 7 4 4 1 6 9 4
10 Germany Ralf Schumacher Ret Ret Ret 7 11 Ret Ret 16 6 5 6 9 2 3 Ret Ret
1999 199 Mugen-Honda MF-301 HD 3.0 V10 B AUS BRA SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR AUT GER HUN BEL ITA EUR MAL JPN 61 3rd
7 United Kingdom Damon Hill Ret Ret 4 Ret 7 Ret Ret 5 8 Ret 6 6 10 Ret Ret Ret
8 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen 2 3 Ret 4 Ret 11 1 4 4 3 4 3 1 Ret 6 4
2000 EJ10
EJ10B
Mugen-Honda MF-301 HE 3.0 V10 B AUS BRA SMR GBR ESP EUR MON CAN FRA AUT GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN MAL 17 6th
5 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen Ret 3 Ret 17 6 Ret 10 Ret 7 Ret Ret 6 6 Ret 3 Ret Ret
6 Italy Jarno Trulli Ret 4 15 6 12 Ret Ret 6 6 Ret 9 7 Ret Ret Ret 13 12
2001 EJ11 Honda RA001E 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN 19 5th
11 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen 5 4 11 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 7
Brazil Ricardo Zonta 7 Ret
Italy Jarno Trulli Ret Ret Ret 4 8
12 Ret 8 5 5 4 DSQ Ret 11 Ret 5 Ret Ret
France Jean Alesi 10 6 8 7 Ret
2002 EJ12 Honda RA002E 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR GBR FRA GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN 9 6th
9 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret 5 5 5 Ret 7 DNQ Ret 6 Ret 8 7 Ret
10 Japan Takuma Sato Ret 9 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 16 Ret Ret 8 10 11 12 11 5
2003 EJ13 Ford RS1 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR FRA GBR GER HUN ITA USA JPN 13 9th
11 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella 12 Ret 1 15 Ret Ret 10 Ret 12 Ret Ret 13 Ret 10 7 Ret
12 Republic of Ireland Ralph Firman Ret 10 Ret Ret 8 11 12 Ret 11 15 13 Ret Ret 14
Hungary Zsolt Baumgartner Ret 11
2004 EJ14 Ford RS2 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BHR SMR ESP MON EUR CAN USA FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA CHN JPN BRA 5 9th
18 Germany Nick Heidfeld Ret Ret 15 Ret Ret 7 10 8 Ret 16 15 Ret 12 11 14 13 13 Ret
19 Italy Giorgio Pantano 14 13 16 Ret Ret Ret 13 Ret 17 Ret 15 Ret Ret Ret
Germany Timo Glock 7 15 15 15
2005 EJ15
EJ15B
Toyota RVX-05 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BHR SMR ESP MON EUR CAN USA FRA GBR GER HUN TUR ITA BEL BRA JPN CHN 12 9th
18 Portugal Tiago Monteiro 16 12 10 13 12 13 15 10 3 13 17 17 13 15 17 8 Ret 13 11
19 India Narain Karthikeyan 15 11 Ret 12 13 Ret 16 Ret 4 15 Ret 16 12 14 20 11 15 15 Ret

References[edit]

  1. ^ itv.com/f1 - The day EJ beat them all
  2. ^ Collings, Timothy (2004). The Piranha Club. Virgin Books. p. 17. ISBN 0-7535-0965-2. 
  3. ^ Collings, Timothy (2007). The Piranha Club. Virgin Books. Chapter 1 'Welcome to the Piranha Club'. ISBN 1-85227-907-9. 
  4. ^ "Ayrton Senna Suzuka 1993". Themagicofsenna.com. Retrieved 2014-02-04. 
  5. ^ "http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/3117665.stm". BBC News. 2003-08-04. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  6. ^ Mattoni Drink Website
  7. ^ Sutherland Hawes Website
  8. ^ Telegraph.co.uk Website
  9. ^ Tribune News Website
  10. ^ Food Safety Authority of Ireland
  11. ^ UK Intellectual Property Office