Jordan Valley, Oregon

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Jordan Valley, Oregon
City
The Jordan Valley Methodist Church
The Jordan Valley Methodist Church
Motto: "Heart of the Owyhees"
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 42°58′35″N 117°3′19″W / 42.97639°N 117.05528°W / 42.97639; -117.05528
Country United States
State Oregon
County Malheur
Incorporated 1911
Government
 • Mayor Jake Roe
Area[1]
 • Total 2.08 sq mi (5.39 km2)
 • Land 2.08 sq mi (5.39 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 4,385 ft (1,336.6 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 181
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 178
 • Density 87.0/sq mi (33.6/km2)
Time zone Mountain (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) Mountain (UTC-6)
ZIP code 97910
Area code(s) 458 and 541
FIPS code 41-37850[4]
GNIS feature ID 1122534[5]
Website www.cityofjordanvalley.com

Jordan Valley is a city in Malheur County, Oregon, United States. It is part of the Ontario, OR–ID Micropolitan Statistical Area. The city was named after Jordan Creek,[citation needed] a tributary of Owyhee River, which runs through the city; the creek is named for a 19th-century prospector, Michael M. Jordan.[citation needed] The population was 181 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Jordan Valley was incorporated as a city in 1911.

Sacagawea's son Jean Baptiste Charbonneau is often said to be buried in Jordan Valley, as that is the closest incorporated city to Danner, the actual site of his burial.

In the center of town stands a pelota fronton, built in 1915 by Basque settlers, many of whom had been recruited from Spain to herd sheep. Their descendants are a noticeable presence today in Malheur County.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.08 square miles (5.39 km2), all of it land.[1]

Jordan Valley's most prominent landmark is the blunt plateau adjacent to town, named Pharmacy Hill.

Jordan Valley's main occupations are cattle ranching and sheep herding. People in those occupations typically live far from town on homesteads, but use Jordan Valley as their cultural and economic center. People within Jordan Valley primarily provide a number of services to tourists passing through on U.S. Route 95, which is the primary road from Boise, Idaho to Reno, Nevada.

Jordan Valley is known for its excellent hunting and fishing as well as its proximity to Jordan Craters, an extinct volcanic field. Other popular areas nearby include Leslie Gulch, Cow Lakes, Antelope Reservoir, and the Three Forks Reservoir to the south.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 110
1910 200 81.8%
1920 355 77.5%
1930 306 −13.8%
1940 274 −10.5%
1950 236 −13.9%
1960 204 −13.6%
1970 196 −3.9%
1980 473 141.3%
1990 364 −23.0%
2000 239 −34.3%
2010 181 −24.3%
source:[6][7]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 181 people, 94 households, and 53 families residing in the city. The population density was 87.0 inhabitants per square mile (33.6 /km2). There were 149 housing units at an average density of 71.6 per square mile (27.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.0% White, 3.3% Native American, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.6% of the population.

There were 94 households of which 17.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.6% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.93 and the average family size was 2.45.

The median age in the city was 55.9 years. 14.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 2.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 12.7% were from 25 to 44; 38.1% were from 45 to 64; and 32% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 239 people, 109 households, and 66 families residing in the city. The population density was 114.6 people per square mile (44.4/km²). There were 140 housing units at an average density of 67.2 per square mile (26.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.72% White, 0.42% Asian, 0.42% Pacific Islander, 1.67% from other races, and 3.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.09% of the population.

There were 109 households out of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 20.9% from 25 to 44, 30.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,313, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $32,917 versus $16,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,501. About 13.5% of families and 20.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under the age of 18 and 8.9% of those 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Jordan Valley is served by the Jordan Valley School District, including Jordan Valley High School.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 211.
  7. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 

External links[edit]