Jorf Lasfar (Arabic for "Yellow Cliffs") is a deepwater commercial port located on the Atlantic coast of Morocco. In terms of the volume of product processed, as of 2004, it was considered the second most important port in Morocco (just after Casablanca). It is home to a swiftly expanding industrial quarter, which includes both major artificial fertilizer and petrochemical factories. Its harbor is well equipped for the exportation of phosphate rock (transported from Gantour and Ouled Abdoun) and various chemicals such as pure sulphur, ammonia, and sulphuric acid. The city is home to the largest independent power station in the country—primarily funded by investments from the Swedish-Swiss company ABB Group and the American company CMS Energy—which was thought to be capable of creating a third of Morocco's total power output. The investment, numbering $1.5 billion, was the single largest foreign investment on Moroccan soil up until that point.
In 2002 the Moroccan company Office Chérifien des Phosphates (OCP)—a state-owned phosphate exporter—started the building of an air quality research laboratory at Jorf Lasfar. It was announced in 2008 that the Abu Dhabi-based International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC) was in the beginning stages of preparations for the construction of an oil refinery at Jorf Lasfar at a cost of $5 billion. With a proposed production capacity of 200, 000 barrels per day (bpd), the refinery is set to be completed in 2013. In the beginning of 2010, OCP began accepting proposals for the building of a desalination plant. The Moroccan government was interested in building the plant at least since 2001, when the United States Trade and Development Agency supplied $250,000 for preliminary studies. The plant, which will provide drinking water for the city of El Jadida, has a planned capacity of 200,000 m3/d and is scheduled to be finished in 2012. OCP also has plans for the erection of 4 additional phosphate fertilizer factories, specializing in diammonium and monoammonium phosphate.
Since December, 2006 the management of the port has been transferred to Marsa Maroc, a stae-owned public company responsible for the management of 9 ports in Morocco and the Western Sahara.
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