Jorge Chávez International Airport

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Jorge Chávez International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez
JorgeChavezAirportLima.jpg
IATA: LIMICAO: SPIM
LIM is located in Lima
LIM
LIM
Location of airport in Lima
Summary
Airport type Public international
Operator Lima Airport Partners
Location Lima, Peru
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 34 m / 113 ft
Coordinates 12°01′19″S 77°06′52″W / 12.02194°S 77.11444°W / -12.02194; -77.11444
Website lap.com.pe
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 3,507 11,506 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 15'295,808
Freight (tonnes) 321,174
Aircraft movements 153,281
Source: corpac s.a. stadistics[1]

Jorge Chávez International Airport (IATA: LIMICAO: SPIM), known as Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez in Spanish, is Peru's main international and domestic airport. It is located in Callao, 11 kilometers (7 mi) from the Historic Centre of Lima and 17 km (11 mi) from Miraflores. Callao is the port city now fully integrated with Lima, the nation's capital. In 2008, the airport handled 8,288,506 passengers and 98,733 aircraft movements.[2] In 2009, the airport handled 8,786,973 passengers and 104,966 aircraft movements,[3] which although small, was one of the fastest increases in the Americas. Between January and November 2010 the airport handled 9,361,846 passengers[4] and by the end of 2010 the airport reached 10,278,493 passengers.[5] During the year 2011 the airport served 11,904,553 passengers, growing over 16% when compared to the previous year. During 2013 the airport served a record of 15,295,808 passengers. For many years it was the hub for now defunct Aeroperú and Compañía de Aviación Faucett, one of the oldest airlines in Latin America.[citation needed] Now it serves as a hub for many aviation companies.

The airport was named after Peruvian aviator Jorge Chávez.

Airport development programme[edit]

Lima Airport in 1972 with a SATCO Douglas DC-4 operating an internal flight

History

The first airport of Lima was the Limatambo Airport, located in San Isidro, which ceased operations in 1960 due to lack of space and capacity to handle the increasing flights. In that same year, the Lima-Callao International Airport began to operate in Callao. In June 1965, the airport was renamed as "Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez" after Peruvian aviator Jorge Chávez Dartnell and in December 1965, the current terminal building was inaugurated.[5] In 2001, in order to improve and expand its infrastructure, the airport was concessioned by the Peruvian government to Lima Airport Partners (LAP), now composed of Fraport and two other minor partners, retaining the air traffic control managed by the Peruvian Corporation of Airports and Commercial Aviation (CORPAC).[6] The key legal advisors in the transaction were Jaime Malagón, Jerome Jakubik, Paul Slocomb, and Víctor M. Marroquín of Baker & McKenzie, the international law firm retained by the Peruvian Government to advise on all privatization processes.Over time, the airport showed signals of decay, lack of space for passengers and outdated technology in radar and safety.[citation needed]

Expansion[edit]

In February 2005, the first phase of a new renovation and expansion project was completed, including the Peru Plaza Shopping Center and the new concourse. In June 2007 a four-star hotel opened in front of the terminal, 'Ramada Costa del Sol'. In January 2009, the second phase of the terminal expansion was inaugurated. Currently the terminal has 28 gates, 19 of them with boarding bridges. In August 2009, Jorge Chávez International Airport announced that they should receive a new ILS CAT III in 2010 to help with fog landings in Lima.[6] The construction of a second runway is another very important project and is scheduled to be completed in 2014. Tourism and commercial passenger traffic has increased in Peru dramatically, and it is predicted to double in 2011; this growth will be higher than anywhere else in Latin America.[7] 'Arquitectonica", a Miami-based architectural office and Lima Airport Partners set out to approved the construction of a second terminal and the further expansion of the main terminal.

Awards[edit]

Best airport in South America[edit]

The expansion and renovation of the airport has had a significant positive impact on the quality of services provided to passengers. In April 2010 it was presented the "Best Airport in South America 2010" award,[8][9] by United Kingdom-based commercial aviation consultancy Skytrax.[10] Skytrax presents the World Airport Awards annually after conducting surveys to 9.8 million airline passengers worldwide.[11] The airport received the award once again, for the fourth consecutive year, in 2012.[12] [13]

Best airport lounge in the world[edit]

In addition to the award presented by Skytrax, Priority Pass,[14] the world's largest independent airport access program, announced in March 2010 that Sumaq VIP Lounge[15] had been voted by its members "Lounge of the Year 2010"[16] for second consecutive year among 600 VIP lounges in the world.[17][18]

Commercial infrastructure[edit]

Hotel - Along with the airport expansion Lima Airport Partners added a four star hotel, 'Ramada Costa del Sol', right in front of the control tower and the arrivals exit. The Hotel is built with noise canceling panels as well as a Restaurant, a pool, business center, spa, beauty salon, gymnasium and a bar.

Food court

"Peru Plaza" Shopping Center - Located near the passenger terminal in the Grand Concourse, the expansion included a new shopping center with stores, restaurants and souvenir shops.

Food Court - Located on the second floor, the food court has outlets of: McDonald's, Papa John's, Starbucks and others, there is also a Dunkin' Donuts next to the main entrance of the terminal.

Passenger services[edit]

VIP lounges - Jorge Chavez Airport has various VIP Salons in the departures terminal, such as "VIP Peru", a luxury waiting room with bars, tables, and other amenities. For passengers in First class, there is an exclusive salon near the gates,"VIP Club". And renovated the "Sumaq VIP Lounge", a lounge exclusively for first and business class passengers nominated as the best VIP lounge of the year by the survey of the "Priority Pass" VIP Network.[19]

Transportation - Transportation between the airport and city is provided by taxis, tour buses and vans. For security reasons, visitors are recommended to take only those taxis offered by registered companies at the airport arrivals area.

Statistics[edit]

Year 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Passengers 5,100,000 5,700,000 6,000,000 7,500,000 8,285,688 8,768,973 10,278,493 11,904,553 13,324,379 15,295,809
Cargo (t) 171,500 177,100 196,900 225,400 239,100 232,400 271,800 286,600 293,675 321,174

Airlines and destinations[edit]

View of main terminal of the airport
Airlines Destinations Concourse
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza I
Aeroméxico Mexico City I
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson I
Air Europa Madrid I
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle I
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami I
Avianca Arequipa, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Iquitos, Juliaca, Piura, Puerto Maldonado, Tarapoto, Trujillo D
Avianca Asunción, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cali, Caracas, Guayaquil, Havana, La Paz, Medellín–Córdova, Mexico City, Miami, Montevideo, Porto Alegre, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, San José (CR), San Salvador, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo-Las Americas, São Paulo–Guarulhos I
Avianca Ecuador Guayaquil, Quito I
Copa Airlines Panama City I
Delta Air Lines Atlanta I
Iberia Madrid I
JetBlue Airways Fort Lauderdale I
KLM Amsterdam I
LAN Airlines Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Santiago de Chile
Seasonal: Easter Island
I
LAN Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza I
LAN Ecuador Guayaquil, Quito I
LAN Perú Arequipa, Ayacucho (begins October 1, 2014), Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Iquitos, Juliaca, Piura, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Tacna, Talara (begins November 1, 2014), Tarapoto, Trujillo, Tumbes D
LAN Perú Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cali, Cancún, Caracas, Córdoba, Foz do Iguaçu, Havana, La Paz, Los Angeles, Madrid, Medellín–Córdova, Mexico City, Miami, New York–JFK, Punta Cana, Quito, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos I
LC Perú Andahuaylas, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cuzco, Huánuco, Huaraz, Jauja, Pisco, Tingo María D
Peruvian Airlines Arequipa, Cuzco, Iquitos, Piura, Pucallpa, Tacna, Tarapoto D
Sky Airline Santiago de Chile I
Spirit Airlines Fort Lauderdale I
Star Perú Andahuaylas, Ayacucho, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Huánuco, Iquitos, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Tarapoto D
TAM Airlines São Paulo–Guarulhos I
TAM Airlines (Paraguay) Asunción (begins September 5, 2014) I
TAME Quito, São Paulo–Guarulhos I
United Airlines Houston–Intercontinental, Newark I

Cargo airlines[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ABSA Campinas Viracopos, Miami
Atlas Air Miami
Centurion Air Cargo Bogotá, Iquitos, Miami
Cielos Airlines Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Mexico City, Miami, Quito
SkyLease Cargo Amsterdam, Campinas Viracopos, Ciudad del Este, Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Caracas, Manaus, Medellin, Montevideo, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Santiago de Chile
DHL
FedEx
Florida West International Airways Miami
IAG Cargo Madrid
Korean Air Cargo Campinas Viracopos, Los Angeles, Miami, Seoul-Incheon
LAN Cargo Miami
LANCO Rio de Janeiro-Galeão
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
MasAir Campinas Viracopos, Mexico City
Master Top Airlines
Avianca Cargo Bogotá, Medellin-Córdova, Miami
UPS Miami
World Airways Miami

Cargo operations[edit]

Jorge Chávez International Airport is home to Lima Cargo City, a hub for cargo airlines. The 35 million dollar project was completed and began operations on 12 May 2009. This cargo terminal is among the largerst cargo centers in Latin America.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • November 27, 1962: Varig Flight 810, a Boeing 707-441 registration PP-VJB flying from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to Jorge Chávez International Airport, after initiating an overshoot procedure at the suggestion of the control tower because it was too high, proceeded to start another approach when it crashed into La Cruz peak, 8 miles away from Lima Airport. Possibly there was a misinterpretation of navigation instruments. All 97 passengers and crew aboard died.[20][21]
  • May 8, 1964: an Argentine Air Force Douglas C-54 registration T-47 flying from Buenos Aires to Lima Jorge Chávez International Airport crashed into a sand dune during approach in poor visibility conditions, killing 46 of 49 people on board.[22]
  • December 8, 1987: a Peruvian Navy Fokker 27-400M registration AE-560 flying from Pucallpa to Lima Jorge Chávez International Airport chartered by the Alianza Lima football team crashed into the Pacific Ocean shortly before landing. A malfunctioning cockpit indicator made the crew believe that the landing gear was not properly deployed and locked, so they requested the control tower to make a low pass for a visual check by ground personnel. After receiving the confirmation that the landing gear was down, the aircraft circled the airport for another attempt to land, but plunged into the ocean instead, killing all on board except the pilot, who was the only survivor.[23]
  • March 10, 1989: an Aero Condor Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander registration OB-1271 flying from Nazca to Lima Jorge Chavez International Airport crashed into a building during approach killing all on board, apparently due to fuel exhaustion.[24]
  • April 15, 1995: an Imperial Air Tupolev Tu-134A-3 registration OB-1553 flying from Cusco to Lima Jorge Chavez International Airport suffered a tyre failure after departure. The crew decided to continue the flight to Lima, but the left main landing gear did not extend during landing. There were no fatalities, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[25]
  • October 2, 1996: Flight 603, an AeroPerú Boeing 757-23A registration N52AW flying the Miami-Lima-Santiago, Chile route crashed into the Pacific Ocean some minutes after its take off from Lima, Perú's Jorge Chávez International Airport, killing all on board. Accident investigation found that masking tape was accidentally left over the static ports during maintenance, turning the airspeed indicator, altimeter and vertical speed indicator unreliable.[26]
  • On October 11, 2013 a Airbus A-320 (registration N492TA) the aircraft 8:20 AM local time,made an emergency landing, of the airline TACA presence to declare emergency smoke in the cockpit. The aircraft was en route from Jorge Chávez International Airport, Lima Peru to El Salvador International Airport San Salvaldor El Salvador route.On board the aircraft 31 passengers plus crew were accounted for. The aircraft landed safely.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.corpac.gob.pe/Main.asp?T=4903
  2. ^ (English) [1].
  3. ^ Hans-Albert Draxler. "Fraport AG Traffic Figures Fraport Group 2009". Fraport.com. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  4. ^ Fraport AG Traffic Figures - November 2010
  5. ^ http://www.fraport.com/cms/investor_relations/dok/441/441199.traffic_figures_fraport_group_2010.htm
  6. ^ Jorge Chávez International Airport to receive CAT III
  7. ^ http://www.andina.com.pe/ingles/Noticia.aspx?id=SWLgtNpnUyA=
  8. ^ Lima Airport: Best Airport in South America 2010
  9. ^ Jorge Chávez International Airport is the best in South America (In Spanish)
  10. ^ Skytrax official website
  11. ^ World Airport Awards - Survey methodology
  12. ^ World Travel Awards 2012
  13. ^ "Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez fue elegido el mejor de Sudamérica por cuarta vez"
  14. ^ Priority Pass official website
  15. ^ Sumaq VIP Lounge website
  16. ^ Priority Pass - Sumaq VIP Lounge in Lima Airport is Lounge of the Year 2010
  17. ^ Travelers vote VIP lounge at Jorge Chávez International Airport best in the world
  18. ^ Video about Sumaq VIP Lounge - Jorge Chavez International Airport
  19. ^ lap.com.pe
  20. ^ Varig 810 Accident description
  21. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Back course". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 217–222. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  22. ^ FAA T-47 Accident description
  23. ^ AE-560 Accident description
  24. ^ OB-1271 Accident description
  25. ^ OB-1553 Accident description
  26. ^ AeroPeru 603 Accident description
  27. ^ http://www.inac.gob.ni/2013/10/reporte-aeronautico-0613/

External links[edit]