Jorge Griego

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Jorge Griego (George the Greek) who lived from 1504 and died after 1545, was a Greek conquistador who participated in the conquest of Peru. Jorge was born in 1504 possibly in Greece and followed his Greek friend Pedro De Candia[1][2][3] to Panama and Peru. He was also appointed as an encomendero in Jauja,[4] an authority which was granted mostly to Conquistadors.

Life[edit]

Jorge Griego was born in Greece in 1504, he later moved into Spain and from there he went to Panama in 1527 by following his friend Pedro De Candia who was a famous Greek Conquistador and commander of the artillery in Peru.[1] Under the services of Francisco Pizarro in 1532 he took part in the battle of Cajamarca[5][6] as a footman, against the forces of the Inca emperor Atahualpa. For his services in the battle of Cajamarca he received a share of the treasures[7] of Cuzco which was the capital of the Inca empire. There were many Greeks amongst the Spaniards who served as soldiers and especially as artillery men, in the conquest of the New world.[8] Jorge later became a resident in the city of Jauja[4] in Peru and was appointed there as an encomendero, he later moved to Lima. In 1545 when the forces of Viceroy Blasco Nunez Vela pushed far to the north, outside the limits of Peru and had no one to manufacture gunpowder, Jorge Griego took over the task, though it was not his profession and went on a few years later to make large quantities of gunpowder during the Gasca campaign.[9]

Finally Jorge Griego left from Peru and returned to Spain and settled in Seville's maritime district of Triana.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b James Lockhart, "Spanish Peru, 1532-1560: a social history" p. 142
  2. ^ "GreenApple-Πράσινο Μήλο Ηλεκτρονικό περιοδικό με άρθρα για Επιστήμες Περιβάλλον Πολιτισμός". Greenapple.gr. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  3. ^ "Pedro de Candia / Greece, Crete Heraklion 15th century". Genforum.genealogy.com. 2003-12-30. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  4. ^ a b Alexandra Parma Cook an Noble Cook, The discovery and the Conquest of Peru of Pedro de Cieza, p. 247
  5. ^ Alexandra Parma Cook an Noble Cook, The discovery and the Conquest of Peru of Pedro de Cieza, p. 242
  6. ^ James Lockhart, Men of Cajamarca, p. 414–415
  7. ^ Clements R. Markham, Reports on the Discovery of Peru p. 139
  8. ^ James Lockhart, Spanish Peru, 1532-1560: a social history p. 29, 142, 146
  9. ^ James Lockhart, Spanish Peru, 1532-1560: a social history p. 143

See also[edit]