Jorhat

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Jorhat district.
Jorhat City
যোৰহাট
City
Nickname(s): Cultural Capital of Assam and Knowledge City of Assam
Jorhat City is located in Assam
Jorhat City
Jorhat City
Coordinates: 26°45′N 94°13′E / 26.75°N 94.22°E / 26.75; 94.22Coordinates: 26°45′N 94°13′E / 26.75°N 94.22°E / 26.75; 94.22
Country India
State Assam
Region Upper Assam
District Jorhat
Zone 3 (Central, East & West)
Ward 19
Jorhat Municipal Board 1909
Government
 • Body 1
 • Deputy Commissioner Solanki Vishal, IAS
Elevation 116 m (381 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,53,249[1]
 • Density 2,851/km2 (7,380/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Assamese, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 785001
Telephone code 0376
Vehicle registration AS-03
Literacy 89.42 (2011)%
Legislature type Municipality
Lok Sabha constituency 1
Vidhan Sabha constituency 1
Planning agency 1
Distance from Delhi 1,686 kilometres (1,048 mi)
Distance from Mumbai 2,352 kilometres (1,461 mi)
Climate Semi-Arid (Köppen)
Precipitation 500 millimetres (20 in)
Avg. annual temperature 26 °C (79 °F)
Summer temperature 25 - 35 °C
Winter temperature 22 - 10 °C
† Estimated as on 2012

Jorhat (Pron: ˈʤɔ:ˌhɑ:t) (Assamese: যোৰহাট )[2] is one of the major cities of Assam.[3] Jorhat was the first town of the Greater Assam installing electricity supply in 1923. The first aeroplane on northeastern soil was landed in Jorhat in 1928. Jorhat Gymkhana Club is the oldest golf course in Asia and third oldest in the world. The first stadium of Assam was built in Jorhat. The world’s oldestand largestTea Experimental Station is located at Jorhat. The first non-government college of Assam J B College was established in Jorhat. The city has many research institutes,including the world’s oldest and largest Tea Exprimental Station, North East Institute of Science & Technology, Rain & Forest Research Institute, Central Muga Eri Research Institute and universities like Assam Agricultural University & Kaziranga University. Now Jorhat is a rapidly developing city and one of the major business & commercial hubs of Northeast-India.Its population has now increased to more than 0.1 million. The recent urban development of Jorhat has seen the rise of several high cost apartments and flats with people flocking in from all parts of the state making it truly a cosmopolitan City.

It was the last capital of the Ahom Kingdom and home to many historical monuments of Assamese culture. In the north of the district, the Brahmaputra River forms the second largest riverine island of the world, Majuli, which spreads over 924.6 square kilometres with a population of about 150,000. The island, threatened with constant erosion by the mighty and unstable Brahmaputra River, had been the principal place of pilgrimage of Vaishnavites since the age of the Ahom rulers. Several Sattras (monasteries) resembling those of medieval times are headed by Satradhikars teaching Vaishnavism, which was introduced by Srimanta Sankardeva (1449–1568). Each Sattra has an unknown wealth of Vaishnavite scriptures and extensive revenue-free lands cultivated by the Bhakats (celebated monks) of the Sattras. The cultural diversities which prevailed in Jorhat nearly a century ago has inspired the people to participate in cultural activities through the decades and as a result Jorhat has been able to produce many creative writers, musician, actors, historians and journalists, terming Jorhat "The Cultural Capital of Assam".

The city today has evolved to be one of the major commercial and business hubs of the state with growing numbers of shopping malls, restaurants, hotels, residential apartments and educational institutions. The city also serves as the base for tourism to famous places such as the Kaziranga National Park and the World's largest river island Majuli. Centrally located within the state, the city depicts a vibrant Assamese township and culture, making it one of the most preferred places for local people to conglomerate.

Geography[edit]

Jorhat City is located at 26°45′N 94°13′E / 26.75°N 94.22°E / 26.75; 94.22.[4] It has an average elevation of 116 metres (381 feet).

In the north of the district, the Brahmaputra River forms the largest riverine island of the world, Majuli[citation needed], which spreads over 924.6 square kilometres with a population of about 150,000. The island, threatened by constant erosion by the mighty and unstable Brahmaputra River, had been the principal place of pilgrimage of Vaishnavites since the age of the Ahom rulers. Several Satras (monasteries) resembling those of medieval times are headed by Satradhikars teaching Vaishnavism which was initiated by Sankardeva (1449–1568). Each Satra has an unknown wealth of Vaishnav Scriptures and extensive revenue-free lands cultivated by the Bhakats (celebated monks) of the Satras.

The city area widened to 9.20 km2 having 19 wards with a population of about 1.85 lakhs at present. The district spreads over 2,851 square kilometres (1,101 mi2) and had a population of 870,000 according to a 1991 census. Population density at that time was 306 persons per square kilometre (793/mi2). The sex ratio is 913 (913 females per 1000 males). The district has SC and ST[clarification needed] population of 7.61% and 12.09%, respectively, of the total population. However, the Majuli Sub-Division has a tribal population of 70% who are primarily “Missing”. Floods frequent the island every year without any exception. The mean annual rainfall of the district is 2,029 millimetres (79.88 in). There are about 135 tea gardens including "out" gardens. The predominant field crop is rice, with per capita food grain production of 205 kg (450 lb) per annum.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, Jorhat District Urban population was 219,565 (includes population of Mariani, Titabor and Teok) of which males and females were 113,555 and 106,010 respectively, while the rural population was 871,730, male 444,389 and female 427,341.[5] There was an increase of 9.21 percent in the population compared to the population of 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Jorhat recorded an increase of 14.69 percent to its population compared to 1991.[6]

The average literacy rate of Jorhat in 2011 was 91.39%. If things are viewed gender wise, male and female literacy were 93.63% and 88.99% respectively. The total literates in Jorhat were 182,600 of which male and female were 96,806 and 85,794 respectively.

With regards to the sex ratio in Jorhat, it stood at 934 females per 1000 males, according to the Census 2011 Directorate.

History[edit]

See: Timeline of Jorhat

Jorhat ("jor" means join and "hat" means market) means two hats or mandis- “Macharhat” and “Chowkihat” which existed on the two different banks of the river Bhogdoi. During the 18th Century, Jorhat was the last capital of the Ahom Kingdom, as a planned town under royal patronage. It is often spelt as "Jorehaut" during the British reign. In the year 1794, the Ahom King Gaurinath Singha shifted the capital from Sibsagar, erstwhile Rangpur to Jorhat. Many tanks were built around the capital city by the Ahom royalty such as Rajmao Pukhuri or Borpukhuri, Buragohain Pukhuri, Bolia Gohain Pukhuri, Kotoki Pukhuri and Mitha Pukhuri. This town was a flourishing and commercial metropolis but completely destroyed by a series of Burmese invasions of Assam between 1817 and the arrival of the British force in the year 1824 under the stewardship of David Scott and Captain Richard.

An evening view of Jorhat

The British Rule, though not free from rebellions and revolutions, contributed to the reemergence of this historical town. From the very first decade of the British rule, revolutionaries like Gomdhar Konwar, Jeuram Medhi, and Piyali Phukan emerged. The British system of administration came into vogue in the year 1839 with an established Police Thana. During the great Sepoy Mutiny, Maniram Dewan and Piyali Barua were hanged in public at this very place in 1858.

In 1885, a narrow gauge railway, Jorhat Provincial Railway, became operational. In time, this contributed to the rapid growth of the tea industry.

Although, the Civil Sub-division under Sibsagar district at Jorhat was formed in 1869, it was declared the administrative headquarters of the undivided Sibsagar district in 1911. The undivided Sibsagar District comprised the present Sivasagar, Jorhat, Golaghat district and parts of Karbi Anglong district. Major A. Playfair served as the first Deputy Commissioner. Presently, Jorhat is being modernized with many new commercial and non-commercial establishments. The old families of this ever prosperous city have transformed the city into a bustling and a well organised entity.

During the Second World War, Jorhat was one of the main supply depots in support of allied forces fighting in China. 'Flying the Hump' of the Eastern Himalayas out of Jorhat with C-37 cargo planes and P-51 fighter support (Flying Tigers) was a regular occurrence.

Medieval constructions[edit]

Roads[edit]

Roads Year/Period During whose reign Remarks
Seuni Ali (A.T. Road) 1650 Swargadeo Jayadhwaj Singha Jorhat to Gaurisagar 48 km Constructed by Baduli Borphukan.
Dhudor Ali 1681–1695 Swargadeo Gadadhar Singha Kamargaon to Joypur touching Mariani Total length 211 km.
Kharikatia 1696–1714 Swargadeo Rudra Singha Kharikatia to Titabor
Mohbondha Ali 1795–1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Jorhat to Mohbondha
Kamarbandha 1795–1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Jorhat to Kamarbandha
Malow Ali 1751–1769 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Desoi to Bosa
Susandebandha Ali 1795–1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Within Jorhat
Choladhora Ali 1795–1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha within Jorhat
Borpatra Ali 1795–1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Within Jorhat running in front of J.B.College
Na-Ali 1796 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Jorhat to Titabor

The first asphalt road in Jorhat was built by the British known as the 'Club Road' connecting the City Centre to the Jorhat Gymkhana Clubhouse.

Temples[edit]

Temple Year/Period During whose reign Remark
Hatigar 1812-Half done 1817-completed Swargadeo Chandrakanta Singha Constructed by Purnananda Burhagohain. 5 km from Jorhat on the way to Sibsagar.
Burigosani Than or Dewal 1794–1795 Gaurinath Singha/Chandrakanta Singha Shifted to bank of river Bhogdoi. Now on the side of Dewal Road.
Garakhiadol Temple (Shiva Temple) 1714 Swargadeo Siba Singha 7 km from Jorhat.
Borbheti Than (Originally moneastery) 1769-80 Swargadeo Rajeshwar Singha Constructed by Muwamoria Priest Ashtabhuz, 7 km from Jorhat town.
Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar 1497–1539 Swargadeo Suhungmung By the devotees of Madhavdev.

Sattras[edit]

Sattra Year/Period During whose reign
Bengenati Satra 1524 Swargadeo SuhungMyung
Dakhinpaat Satra 1562 Swargadeo Jayadhwaj Singha
Garmur Satra 1562 Swargadeo Jayadhwaj Singha
Auniati Satra 1562 Swargadeo Jayadhwaj Singha
Kamalabari Satra 1552–1603 Swargadeo Khoraroja

Culture[edit]

Jorhat is and has been a vibrant place and is a perfect mixture of tradition and modernity. It was the hub of anti-British struggle of Assam. Before that it was the last capital of the Ahoms, the dynasty which ruled over Assam for six centuries. The cultural environment which prevails in Jorhat is the result of untiring effort of people trying to preserve its culture.

In the year 1915, Jorhat Sahitya Shabha was established in Jorhat followed by Asam Sahitya Sabha (Assamese: অসম সাহিত্য সভা, Ôxôm Xahityô Xôbha or "Assam Literary Society") was established on 27 December 1917 in Sibasagar. The Chandrakanta Handique Bhavan, donated by late Radhakanta Handique, is the Headquarters of the Asam Sahitya Sabha in Jorhat.

Jorhat has been able to produce many creative writers, historians, journalists, et cetera. Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya, the first Assamese to win India's highest literature award, the Jnanpith Award, was from Jorhat.[7] Jorhat is the home of internationally reputed ideologists and educationalists like Krishna Kanta Handique, founder Vice Chancellor of Gauhati University. In the building of modern Assam, Jorhat has played a vital role as a sizable section of Assamese intelligentsia has always been from Jorhat.

Jorhat Town Hall is the administrative building located in the centre of the City. The Elyee Talkies, presently known as Elyee Cinema, was the first cinema theatre in Gar Ali, the heart of the city.

Media[edit]

The healthy educational and cultural life of Jorhat city can be best judged from the fact that the city has as many as six established daily Newspapers, They are - Dainik Janambhumi, Amar Asom, Dainik Agradoot and Asomiya Khobor in Assamese, The Purbanchal Prohori in Hindi and The Telegraph in English. The Eastern Clarion was the first English daily published from the city, but it went into administration. Apart from the dailies weekly newspaper like Saptahik Janambhumi also published from Jorhat. City Guide of Jorhat was the first yellow pages, published in July 1987. The first online yellow pages of Jorhatmycity [1] was initiated since Jan, 2013.

The City of Jorhat has radio broadcast station of All India Radio (AIR) located in the outskirts of the city at Garmur.

Economy[edit]

Jorhat was headquarters of trade in undivided Sibsagar district. Several factors viz. direct connection with Kolkata by air, proximity to a suitable river port at Nimati, location of financial institutions, administrative headquarters and other commercial carrying centers have contributed to rise of Jorhat to its present stage. The main items of imports to the district are pulses, mustard oil, tobacco, cement, textile, chemicals, drugs and all kind of consumer products. The items of export are tea, jute, forest products, oil, packaged food products etc. In case of big and medium industries in the district, Tea continues to occupy a major place. Now, there are quite a large number of gardens in the district occupying a considerable amount of area. Jorhat also has the headquarters of ONGC East India and Assam Arakan Basin.

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Jorhat Airport, commonly known as Rowriah Airport, is located at Rowriah which is within the city itself approximately seven kilometers from the heart of the city. Jorhat airport has flights to Kolkata, Guwahati, New Delhi (via Guwahati) and Bangalore (via Guwahati and Kolkata) by JetKonnect. The operations of the airport is controls by Airports Authority of India.

Rail[edit]

Jorhat falls under the Northeast Frontier Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Jorhat Town Railway Station and Mariani Junction railway station are major stations of Jorhat. Guwahati-Jorhat Jan Shatabdi Express, Guwahati - Jorhat Mariani Inter-City Express, Kamakhya - Jorhat Mariani Inter City Express, Mariani Jorhat - Furkating Passenger and Jorhat - Tinsukia Passenger are the main train services of Jorhat Town station. A computerized reservation facility is also available at the station. While Rajdhani Express, Kamrup Express, Brahmaputra Mail etc. are all important trains connecting the Mariani Junction railway station with major cities of the country, which is 16 km from Jorhat City.

The city boasts of having two railway stations. The Jorhat Town Railway Station has two shed platforms providing facilities like retiring room, gents and ladies toilets. The Mariani Junction railway station has three platforms, which is to the south-east of Jorhat City and a major railway junction in the Indian Railways located just twenty five minutes drive.

Road[edit]

Jorhat is well connected with all major cities of Northeast India. Jorhat City is the only city in upper Assam to have Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) service. The ISBT, located at Tarajan, Kotokipukhuri, on the western part of the city, provides connectivity to other regions of the state as well as Northeast with regular buses for major cities and tourist destinations. City Ride buses and Tata Magic and Mahindra Maxximo vans are the major mode of urban transport which provide services from Jorhat to neighbouring towns like Mariani, Titabor, Teok, Mohbondha and Dergaon. National Highway 37 (India) connects Jorhat with all major cities of Assam.

Education and research institutions[edit]

Jorhat is the most literate district of Assam. Jorhat has the highest number of educational institutions in upper Assam. Jorhat is considered to be a good place for ethical modern educational pursuits. Some major educational and research institutes include:

Frontview of JEC

Research institutes[edit]

  • Central Eri & Muga Research Training Institute, Ladoigarh, under Central Silk Board www.cmerti.res.in
NEIST
  • Central Silk Technological Research Institute (Demonstration Centre, under Central Silk Board) Industrial Estate, Tinali, Jorhat-785008
Tocklai Tea Experimental Station
Main entrance of Rain Forest Research Institute
  • Extension Education Institute (EEI) AAU, Jorhat-13, Assam funded by Directorate of Extension Education, Govt. of India, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi
  • Indian Grain Storage Management and Research Institute, Jorhat,www.fcamin.nic.in/dfpd_html/sgc/IGMRI_Jorhat.htm
  • Indian Institute of Plantation Management (IIPM), Jorhat Centre, Under Min. of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India
  • Institute of Biotechnology & Geotectonics Studies (INBIGS),[8] ONGC[9] Complex, Cinnamara, Jorhat - 785008
  • National Bureau of Soil Survey & Land Use Planning (NBSSLUP), Regional Centre, Jamuguri Road, Jorhat-785004
  • North East Institute of Science and Technology, Jorhat (NEIST) (Formerly RRL, Jorhat)[10] under CSIR, Deptt. of Science & technology, Govt. of India
  • Rain Forest Research Institute (RFRI), Jorhat under ICFE, Min. of Environment & Forests, Govt.of India
  • Regional Sericultural Research Stations (under Central Silk Board), Club Road Tinali, Bongal Pukhuri, Jorhat-785001
  • Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association (TRA) Tocklai under Tea Research Association, Ministry of Commerce, Govt. of India

Universities[edit]

Main entrance of Assam Agricultural University

Technical institutes[edit]

  • Jorhat Institute of Advanced Training for Computing (JIATC) Official Website
  • Jorhat Engineering College, Directrate of Technical Education, Government of Assam
  • Jorhat Institute of Science & Technology, formerly Science College, Jorhat, Government of Assam
  • Prince of Wales Institute Of Engineering & Technology, (POWIET), Jorhat, under Government of Assam
  • Industrial Training Institute(ITI), Jorhat, Government of Assam
  • Central Engineering Institute Of Technology (CEIT), Affiliated by (SCVT) State council for Vocational Training,(ITI) Government of Assam Jorhat
  • District Institute of Education & Training (DIET), Government of Assam
  • Jorhat Insurance Institute, LIC of India, Divl. Office Old Circuit House Road Jorhat
  • North East Institute of Management Science, (Opposite to NEIST), Jorhat-785006
  • Sericulture Training Institute, Titabar, Jorhat, Government of Assam
  • Kaziranga University, Mohbondha, Jorhat
  • National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology (NIEIT), Jorhat

Medical institutes[edit]

  • Dr.J.K. Saikia Homeopathic Medical College, under Govt. of Assam. club road, Bongal Pukhuri.
  • Jorhat Medical College and Hospital Official website under State Government of Assam
  • Ridley's college of optometry
  • Jorhat Medical Institute,under Govt. of Assam.
  • Institute of Paramedical Sciences, Jorhat
Frontview of JB College

Colleges[edit]

Junior colleges[edit]

  • Crescent Academy
  • Luit Valley Academy
  • Mentor's House Junior College
  • Abhigyan Academy
  • Sankardev Junior College
  • Valley High Academy
  • Mukti Jyodha Academy
  • Pragjyotika Jr. College Official page
  • Purba Bharati Junior College, Cinnamara, Jorhat
  • Concept Junior College, Titabar Official page
  • Gurukul Sikshyayotan Junior College, Phukan-Ali, Jorhat

Schools[edit]

Developmental projects under way[edit]

  • Indian Institute of Hotel Management, Jorhat
  • National Institute of Design (NID) Jorhat - foundation stone laid by Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh of India on 19.02.2011
  • Sub-Regional Science Centre Jorhat under Ministry of Culture
  • Swargadeo Siu-Ka-Pha Samannaya Kshetra
  • Women's University
  • Regional Forensic Science Laboratory
  • Solar power plant mega project Jorhat as solar City

Sports[edit]

The city of Jorhat has a high performance level in the region for the eminent sports muscle caliber of the nation. The infrastructure built up in the environ is a boost to assist the young budding individuals for training, coaching and guidance being imparted. The city is dotted with lavish upkeep of the following institutions:

Jorhat Stadium, Jorhat Tennis Club, Kushal Konwar Indoor Stadium, Jorhat Swimming Pool, Jorhat Gymkhana Club (9-hole Golf course, Lawn Tennis Grass courts, Horse Racing and Equestrian) and Kaziranga Golf Resort.

Places of interest[edit]

Majuli[edit]

Way To Majuli World's Largest River island

Majuli, is the largest freshwater river island in The world contesting for a position in the "World Heritage list", falls under the jurisdiction of the civil administration of sub-division of Jorhat District. It is located 20 kilometers fro the heartland of the City of Jorhat, Assam. It is an environment friendly, pollution free fresh water island nestled in the mighty River Brahmaputra. Total area of the island is 1250 km2. Majuli is a geographical landscape of natural and cultural heritage site, with water bodies covering most of the areas which attracts plenty of local and migratory birds. About twenty six Satras or the cultural house of power are in Majuli of which the Kamalabari, Auniati and Garmur are worth mentioning. These Satras are propagating the religious ideology of great Assamese medieval Vaisnavite saint Sankardav and Madhavdav, preaching satria culture.

Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar[edit]

Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar is a noted Bor namghar (place of worship) in Assam, established by saint-reformer Madhabdev in 1461. It is located at Dhekiakhowa village of Jorhat, 3.5 km away from National Highway 37. From the time of saint-reformer Sri Srimanta Sankardev and Madhavdev, this namghar (prayer hall) has been continuing as an important centre for Baisnav religion.

Now this Bor namghar has 13 bighas of land, an auditorium of its own. The devotees of Assam donate freely to this namghar and due to their helping hand, the managing committee of Namghar conducts a lot of social and cultural welfare programs. Almost 461 years old, this namghar has been playing an important role in the exercise of Baisnav religion and unity for the people of Assam.

It is said that the main pillar of the namghar is made of a Xaal tree (Shorea robusta). One night one of the bhakat (monks) of the namgahr saw in a dream that the river near the Bor namghar (known as dhekiyakhua jaan) was flowing in opposite direction and was carrying a Haal tree meant to be for the construction of the Bor namghar. Next day, when people saw that dream to be true, they made the main pillar of the Bor namghar from the tree.

Lachit Borphukan's Maidam[edit]

Lachit Bhawan at Lachit maidam

This is the maidam of great Lachit Borphukan. He was the greatest ever Ahom General who defeated the mighty Mughals at Saraighat in 1672. He died a year later and his remains were laid under this maidam by Swargadeo Udayaditya Singha. It is located at Gohain gaon of Meleng-Hulungapar. It is 8 km from the Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary.

Raja Maidam[edit]

শেষ আহোম ৰজা স্বৰ্গদেউ পুৰন্দৰ সিংহৰ মৈদাম যোৰহাটৰ ৰজামৈদামত, Maidam(burial mound) of the last Ahom King Purandar Singha at Rajamaidam, Jorhat District.

The existing maidam (vault) which lies on the south bank of River Tocklai on the northern side of Jorhat town is of the last Ahom king, Purandar Sinha, who expired on 1 October 1848. The present maidam was constructed to preserve the ashes of the last Ahom King Purandar Singha.

Jorhat Science Centre & Planetarium[edit]

It is located near the Rajmao Pukhuri opened to the public from March 2013 onwards. A dominant feature of the digital planetarium is the large dome-shaped projection screen onto which scenes of stars, planets and other celestial objects can be made to appear and move realistically to simulate the complex 'motions of the heavens'. This will have enhanced data mapping, data logging and astronomical planetary motion. The digital planetarium reduces the maintenance costs and increases the reliability for such systems: they employ few moving parts and do not generally require synchronisation of movement across the dome between several separate systems.

Jorhat Gymkhana Club[edit]

Jorhat Gymkhana Club,the oldest golf course in Asia and the third oldest in The World

Established by British, the Jorhat Gymkhana Club was built in 1876 by D. Slimmon, then Secretary of the club in Seconidhara village. The club has been a venue for horse races ever since its inauguration. The Governor's Cup is the major trophy awarded here every year.

It has a lush green 9-hole golf course circuit vying for a position in the "World Heritage list" as the oldest golf course in Asia and the third oldest in the world The club offers facilities in lawn tennis grass courts, swimming pool, billiards, polo, gentleman's bar and cinema theatre. The cricket ground here is known as 'Jorhat Gymkhana Ground'. It had the grace of hosting the CK Naidu Under-19 Indian Cricket tournament matches.[14] Khelmati sports club uses this ground for practising cricket.

The Club road was the first asphalt road laid by the Britishers to connect the City Centre with the Jorhat Gymkhana Club.

Chandrakanta Handique Bhavan[edit]

The Chandrakanta Handique Bhavan, built in 1926, was donated by late Radhakanta Handique. It is the headquarters of Asam Sahitya Sabha. Personalities like late Chandradhar Baruah, late Dimbeswar Neog, late Mitradev Mahanta and other writers from Jorhat have adorned the presidency of Asom Sahitya Sabha.

Ayur Sanjeeva[edit]

Ayur Sanjeeva is a health resort situated inside the Tilikiam tea garden. Amidst the greenery of the tea garden and having the vast open land Malow Pathar behind it and with the perpetual cool breeze coming from the nearby Brahmaputra, this resort is to be the dreamland for nature lovers.

Jorhat District Museum[edit]

This mini museum comprises the metal icons and stone sculpture, sins of Sashi bark and man made paper, weapons of Ahom dynasty. It is situated in the complex of P.G. Training College in M.G. Road.

Thengal Bhawan[edit]

The Thengal Bhawan of Titabor

Thengal Bhawan was built in 1880 by Rai Bahadur Siva Prasad Barooah. In 1929, he published a weekly Assamese newspaper. Later, he established his printing press and office at Thengal Bhawan and managed to publish a daily newspaper, Dainik Batori. Siva Prasad Barooah was the owner and Bagmibar Nilamani Phukan was the editor of this daily newspaper. This newspaper was published from such a place, Thengal Bhawan, where there was no post office. It was the first daily newspaper in Assamese and also the first daily newspaper in any language, published from a village in entire India.

Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary[edit]

Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife sanctuary, more popularly known as Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary named after Hoolock Gibbon covers an area of 20.98 square kilometers (including the area under Military Engineering Services of Indian Army) at Jorhat district of Assam. The Hoollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary was earlier known as Hoollongapar Forest during British period in 1881. This sanctuary is approximately 19 km from Jorhat's town centre and 5 km from Mariani.

Kaziranga Golf Resort[edit]

Kaziranga Golf Resort is a very scenic golf resort located at Sangsua and Gatoonga Tea Estates of west Jorhat.

Sukapha Samannay Kshetra[edit]

Laid in the fond memory of the first Ahom king of Assam, Sukapha at Mohbandha near Dergaon and Jorhat. The State administration has pledged Rs 20 crore for the mega project in recognition of the six hundred years of Ahom rule in the region.

Mou Chapori[edit]

Mou Chapori is a nice place at Neematighat, Jorhat. It is a small river island on Brahmaputra and an ideal place for family holidays. Cottages are attractive and available at affordable prices.

Mulai Forest[edit]

Mulai Kathoni or Mulai Forest, a man made forest located at Kokilamukh, a village of Jorhat. Jadav Payeng, "the forest man of India", who is behind this exceptional work, upgraded a chapori of the river Brahmaputra to this forest.[15]

Jagannath Temple[edit]

The Jagannath Temple is under construction at Goswami Nagar in Cinnamara, Jorhat.

Public Parks and Gardens[edit]

  • Millenium Park
  • Mahatma Gandhi Park
  • Rajabari Children Theme and Amusement Park, Rajabari, Jorhat
  • Nehru Park, Jorhat
  • Ganesh Gogoi Kabita Kanon

Shopping areas[edit]

The very naming of the city, Jorhat comes as a "place between the two hats ("market" in local language)" The shopping galore can be ideal for a family outing. The shopping outlets are mainly located in different areas of Jorhat City. The Shopping outlets are located in Babbu Patty, Old Balibat, New Balibat, Chowk Bazar, Gar Ali, J.P.R Road, Kachori Gali(Radhiya babu Lane), KB Road, Rupahi Ali, Nirmal Charali, Marwari Patty, Mitha Pukhuri Road, Tarajan, Dewal Road Road and Lahoti area.

Shopping Malls in Jorhat City

Doss and Co., KB Road ( The 1st departmental store in north east India established in 1910 at Jorhat) the pioneers in the city from times dates back to the establishment of the General Merchants of high caliber and repute in customer service. The shopping malls in the city are

1.Big Bazaar (KB road);

2.Sohum Shoppe (near ISBT, Tarajan, AT Road);

3.Maxmart mall (Rajamaidam Road);

4.Vishal Mega Mart (Lahoti Road, Ragga, KB Road);

5.ABS Shopping Mall near pwd point, behind Raymonds showroom. Grand opening in August.(Construction completed)

Politics[edit]

Jorhat is part of Jorhat (Lok Sabha constituency).[16]

Kamakhya Prasad Tasa(38) of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is one of the youngest Indian politician and a Member of Parliament serving the 16th Lok Sabha from Jorhat (Lok Sabha constituency), Assam. He is the State Vice President of the Bharatiya Janata Party in Assam, India. Among the most prestigious Lok Sabha seats in Assam, Jorhat the home town to Chief Minister of Assam, Tarun Gogoi. The six-time sitting Congress MP Bijoy Krishna Handique was defeated by Kamakhya Prasad Tasa in 2014.

The MLA from Jorhat assembly constituency is Rana Goswami of INC who won the seat in State elections in 2006 and 2011.[17]

Gallery[edit]

Notable personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_3_PR_UA_Citiees_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  2. ^ http://jorhatmunicipalboard.org/
  3. ^ http://jorhat.nic.in/
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jorhat
  5. ^ Population Census 2011
  6. ^ "Jorhat District Population Census 2011, Assam literacy sex ratio and density". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  7. ^ "Bhattacharya, Birendrakumar" in Amaresh Datta, ed., Encyclopaedia of Indian literature vol. 1 (Sahitya Akademi, 1987), ISBN 978-81-260-1803-1, p. 482 (excerpt available at Google Books).
  8. ^ "ONGC :: Our Initiatives :: Institutes :: INBIGS". Ongcindia.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  9. ^ "ONGC ::Bilingual-Home". Ongcindia.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  10. ^ toonworks business solution (2004-01-01). "Welcome NEIST". Rrljorhat.res.in. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  11. ^ "Kendriya Vidyalaya, AFS Jorhat". Kvafsjorhat.org. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  12. ^ "Kendriya Vidyalaya N E I S T (RR L) Jorhat". Kvrrljorhat.org. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  13. ^ "Kendriya Vidyalaya ONGC Jorhat". Kvongcjorhat.org. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  14. ^ "Jorhat Gymkhana Ground". Cricinfo.com. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  15. ^ "'Molai Woods' - a forest one man planted" New Earth Daily
  16. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies". Assam. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
  17. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 98-Jorhat Constituency of Assam". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-11-29. [dead link]

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorhat_City

External links[edit]