Jorie Graham (born May 9, 1950) is an American poet. The Poetry Foundation called Graham "one of the most celebrated poets of the American post-war generation." She replaced poet Seamus Heaney as Boylston Professor at Harvard, becoming the first woman to be appointed to this position. She won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry (1996) for The Dream of the Unified Field: Selected Poems 1974-1994 and was chancellor of the Academy of American Poets from 1997 to 2003.
Books and awards
Jorie Graham is the author of numerous collections of poetry, including notables volumes like The End of Beauty, The Dream of the Unified Field: Selected Poems 1974-1994, and P L A C E. She has also edited two anthologies, Earth Took of Earth: 100 Great Poems of the English Language (1996) and The Best American Poetry 1990. She is widely anthologized and her poetry is the subject of many essays, including Jorie Graham: Essays on the Poetry (2005). The Poetry Foundation considers Graham's third book, The End of Beauty (1987), to have been a "watershed" book in which Graham first used the longer verse line for which she is best known. Graham's many honors include a Whiting Writers' Award, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Fellowship, an Ingram Merrill Fellowship, and The Morton Dauwen Zabel Award from The American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. The Dream of the Unified Field: Selected Poems 1974-1994 won the 1996 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry. Her collection of poetry P L A C E won the 2012 Forward Poetry Prize for best collection, becoming the first American woman ever to win one of the UK's most prestigious poetry accolades. P L A C E was also shortlisted for the 2012 T S Eliot Prize. In 2013, Graham became only the third American to win the International Nonino Prize.
Jorie Graham was born in New York City in 1950 to Curtis Bill Pepper, a war correspondent and the head of the Rome bureau for Newsweek magazine, and the sculptor Beverly Stoll Pepper. She was raised in Rome, Italy. She studied philosophy at the Sorbonne, but was expelled for participating in student protests. She completed her undergraduate work as a film major at New York University, and became interested in poetry during that time. (She claims that her interest was sparked while walking past M.L. Rosenthal's classroom and overhearing the last couplet of "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" ). After working as a secretary, she later went on to receive her Master of Fine Arts from the famed Iowa Writers' Workshop at the University of Iowa.
Graham has held a longtime faculty position at the Iowa Writers' Workshop, and has held an appointment at Harvard University since 1999. Graham replaced Nobel Laureate and poet Seamus Heaney as Boylston professor in Harvard's Department of English and American Literature and Language. She became the first woman to be awarded this position.
Graham was married to and divorced from publishing heir William Graham, brother of Donald E. Graham, now publisher of the Washington Post. She then married the poet James Galvin in 1983 and they divorced in 1999. She married poet Peter M. Sacks, a colleague at Harvard, in 2000.
Poetry Competition Controversy
In January 1999, she judged the University of Georgia Contemporary Poetry series contest, which selected the manuscript "O Wheel" from Peter Sacks, her future husband, as the first place winner. Graham noted that at that time she was not married to Sacks, and that while she had "felt awkward" about giving the award to her then-boyfriend, she had first cleared it with the series editor, Bin Ramke. As a result of the critical media coverage Ramke resigned from the editorship of the series. Graham subsequently announced that she would no longer serve as a judge in contests although she continued to do so through 2008. Throughout the course of the contest, Ramke had insisted that judges of the contest be kept secret, and until Foetry.com obtained the names of judges via The Open Records Act, the conflict of interest had been undisclosed. A statement now adopted in the rules of many competitions (including the University of Georgia Contest) to prevent judges from selecting students is often referred to as the "Jorie Graham rule".
The Foetry site also contended that Graham, as a judge at Georgia and other contests, had awarded prizes to at least five of her former students from the Iowa Writers' Workshop, including Joshua Clover, Mark Levine, and Geoffrey Nutter. Graham's reply to this was that over years of teaching she has had over 1400 students, many of whom went on to continue writing poetry, that no rules had prohibited her from awarding prizes to former students, and that in each case she claims to have selected the strongest work.
- P L A C E. 2012.
- Sea Change. HarperCollins. 2008. ISBN 978-0-06-153718-9.
- Overlord. HarperCollins. 2005. ISBN 978-0-06-075811-0.
- Never. HarperCollins. 2002. ISBN 978-0-06-008472-1.
- Swarm. HarperCollins. 2000. ISBN 978-0-06-093509-2.
- Photographs and Poems. Photographs Jeannette Montgomery Barron. Scalo. 1998.
- The Errancy. Ecco Press. 1997. ISBN 978-0-88001-528-8.
- The Dream of the Unified Field: Selected Poems 1974-1994. HarperCollins. 1995. ISBN 978-0-88001-476-2.
- Materialism. Ecco. 1993. ISBN 978-0-88001-617-9.
- Region of Unlikeness. Ecco Press. 1991. ISBN 978-0-88001-290-4.
- The End of Beauty. Ecco Press. 1987. ISBN 978-0-88001-130-3.
- Erosion. Princeton University Press. 1983. ISBN 978-0-691-01405-0.
- Hybrids of Plants and of Ghosts. Princeton University Press. 1980. ISBN 978-0-691-01335-0.
- Earth Took of Earth: 100 Great Poems of the English Language. Ecco Press. 1996. ISBN 978-0-88001-432-8.
- Jorie Graham, David Lehman, ed. (1990). The Best American Poetry 1990. Collier Books. ISBN 978-0-02-032785-1.
- Jorie Graham: Essays on the Poetry; Edited by Thomas Gardner (2005)
- No Image There and the Gaze Remains: The Visual in the Work of Jorie Graham; by Catherine Karaguezian (2005)
- Regions of Unlikeness: Explaining Contemporary Poetry; by Thomas Gardner (1999)
- The Breaking of Style: Hopkins, Heaney, Graham; by Helen Vendler (1995)
- Poetry Foundation, Jorie Graham (1950-) Biography (accessed 8 May 2010)
- The Poetry Foundation. "Jorie Graham: Biography." Online
- Alison Flood (1 October 2012). "Jorie Graham takes 2012 Forward prize". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- Alison Flood (23 October 2012). "TS Eliot prize for poetry announces 'fresh, bold' shortlist". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- David Orr, "ON POETRY; Jorie Graham, Superstar," 'New York Times Sunday Book Review, April 24, 2005; available at the Time website (accessed March 16, 2008)
- Tomas Alex Tizon, "In Search of Poetic Justice," Los Angeles Times, June 17, 2005. Available at the LA Times (subscription needed). Text is available at New Poetry Review or SFgate (accessed 16 March 2007)
- Kevin Larimer, "The Contester: Who's Doing What to Keep Them Clean", Poets & Writers Magazine, July/August 2005. Formerly available at Poets and Writers (page currently offline)
- Foetry.com archive
- Thomas Bartlett, "Rhyme and Unreason," Chronicle of Higher Education, May 20, 2005, available here (accessed March 16, 2005)
- John Sutherland, "American foetry," The Guardian, Monday July 4, 2005 the Guardian
- Graham was selected to judge the 2008 "Discovery"/Boston Review 2008 Poetry Contest. The deadline was January 18, 2008.
- Alex Beam, "Website polices rhymes and misdemeanors," Boston Globe, March 31, 2005, available here
- Foetry page on Jorie Graham
- The poet's own website
- Profile and poems at Poetry Foundation
- Profile and poems written and audio at Poets.org
- Profile at The Whiting Awards
- Thomas Gardner (Spring 2003). "Jorie Graham, The Art of Poetry No. 85". The Paris Review.
- LiteraryHistory.com bibliography "A selective bibliography of open access internet articles on Jorie Graham"
- Photos of Graham at Blue Flower Arts
- Documents obtained by Foetry.com regarding the Graham/Sacks/Ramke collusion in pdf format
- Graham reading at the Lensic Theater in Santa Fe, New Mexico on May 20, 1999. Video (49 mins)
- "Rhyme & Unreason" from the May 20, 2005 cover story in the Chronicle of Higher Education
- An interview with Jorie Graham, phillyBurbs.com, April 2008
- Audio recording of School Day, The Big Pumpkin, 2012