Jork

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Jork
Coat of arms of Jork
Coat of arms
Jork is located in Germany
Jork
Jork
Coordinates: 53°32′04″N 09°40′54″E / 53.53444°N 9.68167°E / 53.53444; 9.68167Coordinates: 53°32′04″N 09°40′54″E / 53.53444°N 9.68167°E / 53.53444; 9.68167
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Stade
Subdivisions 7 districts
Government
 • Mayor Rolf Lühmann (CDU)
Area
 • Total 62.27 km2 (24.04 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 11,578
 • Density 190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 21635
Dialling codes 04162
Vehicle registration STD
Website www.jork.de

Jork is a small town on the left bank of the Elbe, near Hamburg (Germany).

Jork belongs to the district of Stade, in Lower Saxony. The town is the capital of the Altes Land, one of the biggest fruit growing areas in Europe, and Jork is home to a Fruit Research Center.[2][3]

History[edit]

Jork was mentioned for the first time in a deed in 1221, then it belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen in secular respect.[4] As to religion Jork belonged to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Verden (till 1648).[4] In 1648 the Prince-Archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, which was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish and from 1715 on by the British and Hanoverian Crown. In 1807 the ephemeric Kingdom of Westphalia annexed the Duchy, before France annexed it in 1810. In 1813 the Duchy was restored to the Electorate of Hanover, which - after its upgrade to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814 - incorporated the Duchy in a real union and the ducal territory, including Jork, became part of the Stade Region, established in 1823. From 1885 to 1932 Jork served as the capital of the Prussian District of Jork, comprising Altes Land, the city of Buxtehude and its today component Neuland, then still an independent municipality. The former district forms since a part of today's District of Stade.


Division of the town[edit]

Jork consists of 7 districts

  • Borstel
  • Estebrügge
  • Hove
  • Jork
  • Königreich
  • Ladekop
  • Moorende

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, Fortgeschriebene Einwohnerzahlen zum 31. Dezember 2012
  2. ^ R. Stehr: Screening of sweet cherry cultivars in northern Germany, International Society for Horticultural Science
  3. ^ Seed and Plant Genetic Resources Service - AGPS,
  4. ^ a b Michael Schütz, „Die Konsolidierung des Erzstiftes unter Johann Rode“, in: Geschichte des Landes zwischen Elbe und Weser: 3 vols., Hans-Eckhard Dannenberg and Heinz-Joachim Schulze (eds.) on behalf of the Landschaftsverband der ehemaligen Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden, Stade: Landschaftsverband der ehemaligen Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden, 1995 and 2008, vol. I 'Vor- und Frühgeschichte' (1995; ISBN 978-3-9801919-7-5), vol. II 'Mittelalter (einschl. Kunstgeschichte)' (1995; ISBN 978-3-9801919-8-2), vol. III 'Neuzeit' (2008; ISBN 978-3-9801919-9-9), (=Schriftenreihe des Landschaftsverbandes der ehemaligen Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden; vols. 7–9), vol. II: pp. 263–278, here pp. 270seq. ISBN 978-3-9801919-8-2.

External links[edit]