|Born||22 February 1912
|Died||16 October 1963
|Years of service||1937-1960|
Sarvanto was born and raised in Turku, Finland. He attended high school in Turku and graduated in 1933. He was first admitted to the Pori Infantry Regiment, but decided to apply when the Finnish Air Force sent out a notice that they would select officer trainees. He was admitted and sent to the Reserve Officer Pilot Course number 4 at the Kauhava Air Base. He knew he had come to the right place. He completed his reserve officer training in 1934 and was unemployed for a while due to the Great Depression. He decided to apply to the Cadet School, Air Warfare Section where he wanted to become a cadre (professional) officer, and he was admitted in autumn 1934. In May 1937 his training was completed.
Sarvanto was at first sent to Lentoasema 1 (Air Base One) at Utti and later to Lentorykmentti 4 (Flight Regiment 4), which was a bomber squadron. He had wished to fly fighters and requested a transfer to Fighter Squadron 24, which was granted. He started to fly Fokker D.XXIs there in 1937. He excelled in the firing tests, with a hit average of 92%.
On 6 January 1940 Sarvanto took part in an airfight with a group of 8 Soviet Ilyushin DB-3s. One of the Soviet bombers was shot down by another Finnish pilot, lieutenant Per-Erik Sovelius, who had first encountered them while on patrol and who then radioed their position to the Utti Air Force Base, from where Sarvanto and others started to join the fight. In the ensuing encounter, Sarvanto managed to shoot down six of the enemy aircraft in quick sequence.
This incident drew a lot of attention worldwide, and the press considered it a world record. Most of the major Western newspapers published a photo of lieutenant Sarvanto holding a large sheet of aluminum with a big "5" on it, a trophy from one of the victims.
Sarvanto was to become the top scoring Finnish ace of the Winter War with 13 victories. During the Continuation War he downed four more aircraft with Brewster Buffaloes, bringing his total score to 17. He flew a total of 255 combat missions during World War II.
In 1941 he was appointed captain and he was given different staff positions, e.g. as a liaison officer with the German Luftflotte 1, as the commander of LeLv 24's 2nd division and later as the commander of TLeLv 35.
After the war
Sarvanto would continue his military career, which led him to become the commander of the Flight School in Kauhava. In 1954 he became Finnish military attaché in London, a position he held for 3½ years before returning to his position at the Flight School. Sarvanto resigned from the air force in 1960, with the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Sarvanto had married before the war and had four children. He would work as the CEO of a bank until his death on 16 October 1963.
|Number||Date||Place||Own aircraft||Enemy aircraft||Enemy regiment|
|1||Dec 23, 1939||Noskuanselkä||FR-97||SB||44.SBAP|
|2||Dec 23, 1939||Noisniemi||FR-97||SB||44.SBAP|
|3||Jan 6, 1940||Utti-Tavastila||FR-97||DB-3||6.DBAP|
|4||Jan 6, 1940||Utti-Tavastila||FR-97||DB-3||6.DBAP|
|5||Jan 6, 1940||Utti-Tavastila||FR-97||DB-3||6.DBAP|
|6||Jan 6, 1940||Utti-Tavastila||FR-97||DB-3||6.DBAP|
|7||Jan 6, 1940||Utti-Tavastila||FR-97||DB-3||6.DBAP|
|8||Jan 6, 1940||Utti-Tavastila||FR-97||DB-3||6.DBAP|
|9||Jan 17, 1940||Heinjoki||FR-99||SB||54.SBAP|
|10||Feb 3, 1940||Nuijamaa||FR-80||DB-3||42.DBAP|
|11||Feb 15, 1940||Vyborg||FR-80||DB-3||42.DBAP|
|12||Feb 18, 1940||Simola||FR-100||DB-3||1.AP KPF|
|13||Feb 19, 1940||Vyborg||FR-100||DB-3||21.DBAP|
|14||Jun 25, 1941||Utti||BW-357||SB||201.SBAP|
|15||Jun 29, 1941||Utti||BW-357||Pe-2||58.SBAP|
|16||Apr 21, 1943||Gulf of Finland||BW-373||La-5||4.GIAP KBF|
|17||May 9, 1943||Gulf of Finland||BW-357||Yak-7||?|
- Cross of Liberty, 2nd Class, with swords, of the Order of the Cross of Liberty
- Cross of Liberty, 3rd Class, with swords, of the Order of the Cross of Liberty
- Commander of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
- Order of the German Eagle 3rd Class, with swords
- Luftwaffe's pilot badge honoris causa
- Sarvanto, Jorma: Havittajalentajana Karjalan Taivaalla, 2nd Edition, 1989, front cover flap
- Sarvanto, Jorma: Stridsflygare under Karelens himmel, pp. 157-159
- Keskinen, Kalevi & Stenman, Kari: Ilmavoitot Osa 2/Aerial Victories Part 2, p. 48 - 49, 54.
- Appel, Erik: Finland i krig, p. 201
- Stenman, Kari: Hävittäjä-Ässät
- Sarvanto, Jorma: Stridsflygare under Karelens himmel, pp. 160-162
- Sarvanto, Jorma: Stridsflygare under Karelens himmel, p. 202
- Appel, Erik et al. (2001). Finland i krig 1939-1940 - första delen (in Swedish). Espoo, Finland: Schildts förlag Ab. p. 261. ISBN 951-50-1182-5.
- Sarvanto, Jorma (2005). Stridsflygare under Karelens himmel (in Swedish). Luleå, Sweden: Luleå Grafiska. p. 213. ISBN 91-975315-4-5.
- Stenman, Kari and Keskinen, Kalevi (1998). Aircraft of the Aces 23 - Finnish Aces of World War 2. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-783-X.
- Stenman, Kari, Keskinen, Kalevi and Niska, Klaus (1994). Hävittäjä-Ässät - Suomen Ilmavoimien Historia 11 (in Finnish and English). Apali. ISBN 952-5026-00-0.
- Keskinen, Kalevi and Stenman, Kari (2006). Ilmavoitot Osa 2/Aerial Victories Part 2 - Suomen Ilmavoimien Historia 27 (in Finnish and English). Kari Stenman. ISBN 952-99432-9-6.