José Calderón (basketball)
|No. 3 – New York Knicks|
September 28, 1981 |
Villanueva de la Serena, Badajoz, Spain
|Listed height||6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)|
|Listed weight||200 lb (91 kg)|
|NBA draft||2003 / Undrafted|
|1998–2005||Tau Cerámica (Spain)|
|1998–1999||→Diputación Foral Alava (Spain)|
|1999–2001||→CB Lucentum Alicante (Spain)|
|2001–2002||→Baloncesto Fuenlabrada (Spain)|
|2014–present||New York Knicks|
|Stats at NBA.com|
|Stats at Basketball-Reference.com|
- 1 Early life and European career
- 2 NBA career
- 3 Spanish national team
- 4 Player profile
- 5 Career statistics
- 6 Off the court
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early life and European career
José Calderón was born and raised in the town of Villanueva de la Serena, in Spain. His main inspiration for basketball came from his father, who used to play basketball for his hometown's team, Doncel La Serena. José Calderón used to enjoy seeing his father play. He accompanied him to his games and practices.
Calderon left Villanueva to play for Vitoria-Gasteiz. He received a proposal to play professional basketball after he won a junior team championship. After a discussion with his parents, Calderón decided to carry on the professional basketball tradition. Calderón was greatly focused on training for and playing basketball during this time in his life. He was surrounded by motivated teammates who put in strong effort, and pushed Calderón to work as hard them.
Calderón later played for Lucemtum Alicante (second division), and he was able to lead his team to the ACB (first division). Unfortunately, his team had to return to the second division because of fierce competition. This helped Calderón adapt to the competition, and catalyzed an improvement to his game.
Calderón played in the ACB the next season, but for Fuenlabrada. He averaged 9.7 points, and 1.7 assists in 18.6 minutes per game, and shot 83.2% from the free throw line. By the end of the season, he received an opportunity to play for the Spanish national team. In 2002, he played for the Spanish national team in the World Championship at Indianapolis, where his team ended up in fifth place.
After the summer, Calderón signed with TAU Vitoria. Calderon played three seasons with Tau Vitoria, resulting in plenty of wins. His team became the Champions of the Copa del Rey (His Majesty’s Cup), and were also runners-up in both the ACB league and the Euroleague. In 2002–03, he averaged 7.5 points, 2.4 rebounds, 1.4 assists and 1.1 steals in the Euroleague. In 2003–04, he averaged 7.2 points, 1.4 rebounds, 2.0 assists, and 1.1 steals in the Euroleague. In 2004–05, he averaged 11.6 points, 3.4 rebounds, 2.6 assists and 1.5 steals in the Euroleague.
Calderón entered the NBA when former Raptors GM Rob Babcock persuaded the Spanish guard to sign with the Toronto Raptors on August 3, 2005. Known as a talented playmaker, Calderón struggled with his shooting in his first year in the NBA. By the end of the 2005–06 season, he was ranked third among all rookies in assists with 4.5 per game. He finished the season with 64 played games, having started in 11 of them. He averaged 5.5 points, 4.5 assists, 2.2 rebounds and an assists-per-turnover ratio of 2.85.
Throughout the 2006–07 season, Calderón played primarily as backup to T. J. Ford, turning in solid numbers from the bench. As acknowledged by coach Sam Mitchell as well as his teammates, Calderón's form was instrumental to the Raptors' push for a playoff spot, and later, the Atlantic Division title. He ended his regular season with improved averages of 8.8 points and 5.1 assists per game and .525 in field goal percentage, even though he had less playing time compared to his rookie season. In the 2007 NBA Playoffs, Calderón played in all of Toronto's games in the series against the New Jersey Nets, but the Raptors were defeated 4–2. Calderón averaged 13.0 points and 5.3 assists per game in his first NBA playoff season.
Toronto continued to deploy Ford and Calderón in tandem for the point guard position to good effect. Ford was injured for several games in November and December and the Spaniard stepped in with impressive performances. In three games against the Memphis Grizzlies, Cleveland Cavaliers and Chicago Bulls, Calderón provided 37 assists while committing only three turnovers. 14 games into the season, he was also leading the league in assist-to-turnover ratio with 5.67 to 1, but even so, he said: "But how I feel about the team right now is that we need T.J. Ford [for the next game]." 35 games into the season, the Spaniard increased the turnover ratio to 6.15 to 1, setting him on course to break an NBA record (he went to end the season as the league-leader with 5.38 to 1). He shot at least 50% on field goals, 40% on three-pointers, and 90% on free-throws, and is sometimes listed as a member of the NBA's 50–40–90 Club, even though he was sixteen free-throws shy of attaining the NBA league minimum number of makes in this category. By mid-season, he was touted as a possibility for making the All-Star reserve team. Even after Ford returned from injury for the final third of the campaign, Calderón was able to keep his place in the starting lineup. Ford had initially agreed to playing backup, but reportedly became frustrated at not being able to start. Calderón eventually asked the coaching staff to play Ford as starter instead, leading to widespread praise from the coaching staff, teammates, and fans. Given that he was going to become a free agent by the end of the campaign, there were even calls for Ford to be traded so that the team could be built around Calderón as point guard. By the end of the regular season, Calderón was fifth in the league for assists per game, and in the 2008 NBA Playoffs, Ford split the playing time with him about equally, with the two players combining for averages of 23.4 points and 13.6 assists per game. However, the Raptors were eliminated by the Orlando Magic in the first round four games to one.
On July 9, 2008, Calderón re-signed with the Raptors to a multi-year deal, reported to be worth $7.5 million to $8.5 million a season. With the departure of Ford to the Indiana Pacers, the Spaniard was slated to start the point guard position for the Raptors. At the same time, new acquisition Jermaine O'Neal formed the frontcourt with Bosh. However, 17 games into the season, Toronto fired head coach Sam Mitchell and the line-ups were constantly shuffled. By the end of 2008, the Raptors were 12–20, but with Calderón out for almost a month thereafter, the team slipped to 16–28. When Calderón returned to the Raptors lineup, he helped snap a seven-game losing streak with a 114–94 victory over Chicago, recording 23 points on 9-of-10 shooting and 10 assists. Not long after, he set the second-longest streak in NBA history for consecutive free throws made (87). On March 13, 2009, Calderón surpassed Alvin Williams' franchise record for career assists with 1795. On March 29, 2009, in a game against Chicago, he tied the franchise record for most assists in game with 19, and not long after, set an NBA record for highest free-throw percentage in a season. These records, however, were overshadowed by the Raptors rapidly falling out of the playoffs picture soon after the All-Star break, and the criticism Calderón faced for being unable to defend and play an up-tempo game. Toronto eventually finished with a 33–49 record, with the Spaniard leading the Eastern Conference in assists per game and the league in free throw percentage and assist-to-turnover ratio.
The Raptors underwent a significant roster overhaul in the preseason, such as bringing Jarrett Jack from Indiana to play as Calderón's back-up and point forward Hedo Türkoğlu to share in ball-handling duties. With a third of the season gone, the Spaniard picked up an injury that put him out for 12 games, resulting in Jack holding on to the starting spot even upon the former's return, paralleling the Ford-Calderón scenario in 2007–08. Still, the pair combined well and helped bring the Raptors to a 21–20 record at the mid-season mark.
During the early stages of the 2010 offseason, the Raptors had a deal in place to send Calderon and Reggie Evans to the Charlotte Bobcats for Tyson Chandler and Boris Diaw. However, Michael Jordan, the owner of the Bobcats, nixed the deal right before it was finalized, which allowed Calderon to remain with the Raptors.
Calderón was ranked fifth in assists per game (8.9) at the conclusion of the regular season.
On February 12, 2012, Calderón scored a career high 30 points in a 94–92 loss against the Lakers. Calderón led the league in assists per turnover (4.5) for the third time in five years at the conclusion of the regular season.
On January 30, 2013, Calderón was traded to the Detroit Pistons in a three-team trade which sent Tayshaun Prince, Austin Daye, and Ed Davis to the Memphis Grizzlies and Rudy Gay and Hamed Haddadi to Toronto. He became the starting point guard for the Pistons, and in just his fourth game for the franchise, he recorded 23 points and 10 assists in the 105-100 win over the Milwaukee Bucks.
Calderón finished the season averaging 11.3 points and 7.1 assists per game. He also led the league in three-point shooting percentage (.461) and was second in assists per turnover (4.1).
On July 11, 2013, Calderón signed with the Dallas Mavericks to a reported four-year, $28 million contract. He became the Mavericks lead point guard, starting in 81 games. He had his best game on December 20, 2013 against his former team, the Toronto Raptors, where he recorded 23 points and 9 assists. Calderón finished the season averaging 11.4 points and 4.7 assists per game.
New York Knicks
On June 25, 2014, Calderón, along with Shane Larkin, Wayne Ellington, Samuel Dalembert and two 2014 second-round picks, was traded to the New York Knicks in exchange for Tyson Chandler and Raymond Felton. In the process, he re-joined former Raptor teammate Andrea Bargnani. After a preseason injury kept him on sidelines for the first 13 games of the season, he made his Knicks debut on November 22, 2014 as he recorded 3 points, 3 rebounds, 3 assists and 2 steals in the 91-83 win over the Philadelphia 76ers.
Spanish national team
Calderón has enjoyed a successful international career. When he played for Spain's national youth team, he won the gold medal at the 1998 FIBA Europe Under-18 Championship, as well as the bronze medal at the 2000 FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship. As his career advanced, the point guard began appearing for the Spanish national senior team. Calderón was part of the Spanish national team which finished fifth at the 2002 World Championships and second at the 2003 European Championships. He was later named the team captain during the 2004 Summer Olympics, and on September 3, 2006, Calderón and his Spanish squad defeated Greece, and won the 2006 FIBA World Championship along with future Raptors teammate, Jorge Garbajosa. In EuroBasket 2007, Calderón and Garbajosa again featured for the Spanish team. In the knockout stages, Calderón recorded a game-high 17 points as Spain defeated Germany 83–55 in the quarter-finals. In the semi-finals, Calderón scored 18 points in Spain's defeat of Greece. The Spaniard led his team in points again in the final, but Spain lost 60–59 to Russia. In the 2008 Olympics, Calderón was part of the squad that won the silver medal, but was injured and therefore could not play in the semifinal and the final game. He averaged 7.3 points per game in the tournament. Calderón won another silver medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Calderón is one of the best free throw shooters in the NBA, having set an NBA record for free throw shooting (98.1%) in 2008–09 with 151 of 154 attempts. Known as a highly efficient player, Calderon's 2007–08 season would have made him one of seven players in NBA history to shoot at or over 50% on field goals, 40% on three-point field goals, and 90% on free throws for a full season; however, he did not have enough free throws made to meet the minimum qualifications.
|GP||Games played||GS||Games started||MPG||Minutes per game|
|FG%||Field-goal percentage||3P%||3-point field-goal percentage||FT%||Free-throw percentage|
|RPG||Rebounds per game||APG||Assists per game||SPG||Steals per game|
|BPG||Blocks per game||PPG||Points per game||PIR||Performance Index Rating|
Note: The Euroleague is not the only competition in which the player participated for the team during the season, he also played in domestic competition.
|†||NBA record and led league|
NBA regular season
Off the court
On March 2, 2007, the Raptors announced that Calderón was named as a Right To Play Athlete Ambassador. Right To Play is an athlete-driven international humanitarian organization that uses sport and play as a tool for the development of children and youth in the most disadvantaged areas of the world. As part of the program, Calderón pledged $1000 for every assist he recorded in a home game against the Chicago Bulls on November 26, 2007. He ended the game with 14 assists.
- National Basketball Association portal
- Toronto Raptors accomplishments and records
- List of European basketball players in the United States
- José Manuel Calderón – About Me
- José Manuel Calderón – Player Profile
- Calderon, Jose Manuel – Euroleague.net
- "Raptors Sign Jose Calderon", nba.com/raptors, August 3, 2005, Retrieved June 21, 2007.
- Smith, Doug, "Calderon makes point to remember team first", thestar.com, September 20, 2007, Retrieved September 21, 2007.
- Post-Game Quotes, nba.com/raptors, January 31, 2007, Retrieved June 21, 2007.
- Jose Calderon Info Page – Career Stats and Totals, nba.com, Retrieved June 21, 2007.
- Raptors Post Up, nba.com/raptors, May 4, 2007, Retrieved June 21, 2007.
- Raptors Cruise Past Mavericks For Third Straight Win, nba.com/raptors, December 12, 2007, Retrieved December 13, 2007.
- Smith, Doug, "Calderon leads Raptors past Bulls", thestar.com, November 26, 2007, Retrieved November 26, 2007.
- 2007–08 TURNOVERS, nba.com, accessed May 2, 2008.
- Grange, Michael, "Toronto goes to the well, finds it's deep", globeandmail.com, November 25, 2007, Retrieved November 26, 2007.
- Ewing, Lori, "Humble Calderon on pace for efficiency record", thestar.com, January 10, 2008, Retrieved January 11, 2008.
- 2007–08 ASSISTS LEADERS : Assists Per Game, nba.com, accessed May 2, 2008.
- Smith, Doug, "Calderon playing like all-star", thestar.com, January 27, 2008, Retrieved January 28, 2008.
- Feschuk, Dave, "Raptors' Ford may be wearing out his welcome", thestar.com, March 28, 2008, Retrieved March 29, 2008.
- T.J. Ford Info Page – Career Stats and Totals, nba.com, accessed September 8, 2007.
- Magic Beat Raptors, Move to Second Round, nba.com, April 29, 2008, accessed May 1, 2008.
- Raptors sign Calderon to long-term deal, canada.com, July 9, 2009, Retrieved January 22, 2010.
- Raptors Re-Sign Calderon, nba.com/raptors, July 9, 2008, Retrieved July 28, 2008.
- Bogut returns as Bucks beat Raptors 96–85, nba.com, January 30, 2009, accessed February 3, 2009.
- Hamilton, Pistons beat Raptors 99–95 in overtime, nba.com, March 13, 2009, Retrieved March 14, 2009.
- Bosh, Bargnani lead Raptors to OT win over Bulls, nba.com, March 29, 2009, Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- 2008–09 NBA Season Summary, basketball-reference.com, Retrieved April 16, 2009.
- 2008–09 ASSISTS LEADERS : Assists Per Game, nba.com, Retrieved April 20, 2009.
- 2008–09 FREE THROWS LEADERS: Free Throw Percentage, nba.com, Retrieved April 20, 2009.
- "Detroit Pistons Acquire Guard Jose Calderon In Three-Team Trade". NBA.com (Turner Sports Interactive, Inc.). January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- "Jose Calderon Signs with the Mavs". NBA.com (Turner Sports Interactive, Inc.). July 11, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
- "Knicks Acquire Calderon, Three Others in Dallas Trade". NBA.com. June 25, 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- Game card, eurobasket2007.org, September 13, 2007, Retrieved September 14, 2007.
- Boxscore, eurobasket2007.org, September 15, 2007, Retrieved September 16, 2007.
- Game card, eurobasket2007.org, September 16, 2007, Retrieved September 17, 2007.
- Statistics, nbcolympics.com, Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- "Jose Calderon Named as Right to Play Ambassador", nba.com/raptors, March 2, 2007, Retrieved June 21, 2007.
- Smith, Doug, "Calderon in a giving mood", thestar.com, November 26, 2007, Retrieved November 26, 2007.
- 24 SECONDS:...with Jose Calderon
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to José Manuel Calderón.|
- Official Website
- NBA.com Profile
- Eurolegue.net Profile
- ACB.com Profile (Spanish)
- 2010 FIBA World Championship Profile
- TSN.ca Profile
- ESPN.com Profile
- SI.com Profile
- Yahoo!.com Profile