José Cecilio del Valle
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|Jose Cecicilio del Valley|
|3rd President-elect of the Federal Republic of Central America
(Died before taking office)
|Preceded by||Francisco Morazán|
|Succeeded by||José Gregorio Salazar|
|Foreign Minister of Mexico|
February 22, 1823 – 1823
|Monarch||Agustin de Iturbide|
|Preceded by||Jose Manuel de Herrera|
|Succeeded by||Lucas Alaman|
|Mayor of Guatemala City|
January 1, 1821 – June 1821
|Succeeded by||Pedro Molina Mazariegos|
|Alma mater||San Carlos University, Guatemala|
José Cecilio Díaz del Valle (November 22, 1780 – March 2, 1834) was a philosopher, politician, lawyer, and journalist and one of the most important figures in Central America during the transition from colonial government to independence, displaying a wide-ranging expertise in public administration management.
Valle nicknmed 'The Wise' was also, one of Central America's founding fathers. He used words as his only weapons, and the most amazing fact about his life is that, despite his pacific temperament and lack of military glamor, his efforts did not go unappreciated by the mass of his countrymen.
José Cecilio del Valle was born on November 22, 1780, in the village of Choluteca, located near the Choluteca River. This village belonged to the former province of Tegucigalpa (now Honduras), during the Spanish domination. He was the legitimate son of Jose Antonio del Valle and Mrs. Gertrudis Diaz del Valle. Both members of the most distinguished Spanish families of the Kingdom of Guatemala. who, therefore, have obtained the main political and military jobs. Their wealth consisted mainly of valuable estates of livestock. But that wasn't enough to provide their favorite son with a good education. Tegucigalpa lacked good schools, the only ones available were supported by private donations. Given this situation, Jose Antonio del Valle had to move his family to Guatemala City, where he hoped young Jose would be better formed. Jose Cecilio was only 9 years old when he arrived in Guatemala.
In Guatemala City he attended the University of San Carlos where he earned a Bachelor's Degree in 1794. Then in 1799 he earned a degree in Civil and Canonical law and a litcentiate degree in Law in 1803. His mentor was Father José Antonio Liendo y Goycochea.
In 1821 he was elected mayor of Guatemala City, position he held until June (1821). The same year Central America became independent from Spanish rule. Jose del Valle was the one who wrote the declation of independence. Up to this date, there is a controversy in relation to this document because del Valle did not sign it. Most historians however, agreed that he was not supposed to sign such document. In 1822 Central America became part of the short lived Mexican Empire under Agustin de Iturbide.
Valle was elected a 'Guatemalan Representative' before the Mexican Congress. On August 27, 1822. Valle was imprisoned along with other representatives on charges of conspiring against the Mexican Government. After 5 months in prison (February 1823), he was released and appointed Foreign Minister for the Mexican Government. The same year Central America gained its independence from Mexico. In January 1824 he returned to Guatemala where was part of the second triumvirate that governed the Provinces of Central America.
In 1825 José del Valle ran for president of the Federal Republic of Central America against Manuel José Arce. Apparently won the election after he obtained more votes. But Congress had a different interpretation. The candidates went to second round and Arce was declared winner. Following his defeat, Valle retired from politics and devoted himself to writing.
In 1830 President Francisco Morazán offered him to be ambassador to France, and or the Vice presidency. He declined both and instead went on to become Director of the Economic Society and Director of San Carlos University's Fine Arts department.
In 1834 he defeated incumbent Francisco Morazán in the general election but never took over the presidency. He died on the road that leads from the farm "La Concepción" to Guatemala City, on March 2, 1834. Where he was supposed to be treated for an illness. The government decreed three days of mourning after his death. His death was marked by national mourning and bells tolling throughout the Republic, as he was one of the few prominent figures respected by Liberals and Conservatives alike.
The November 22 is holiday because of his Birthday
Honduras has featured Valle on its 100 Lempira banknote since 1951.
- Jonathan Harris, 'An English utilitarian looks at Spanish American independence: Jeremy Bentham's Rid Yourselves of Ultramaria', The Americas 53 (1996), 217-33
- John Lynch, The Spanish American Revolutions 1808-1826 (New York: W.W. Norton, 1986, 2nd ed.)
- Miriam Williford, Jeremy Bentham on Spanish America (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1980)
- Reyna, Jose (1978).Hondurenos en la Independencia de Centroamerica . Tegucigalpa: EDISOFF
- An English Utilitarian Looks at Spanish-American Independence The Americas, Jonathan Harris (Oct., 1996), Catholic University of America Press pp. 217-233
- Honduras & The Bay Islands By Gary Chandler, Liza Prado. p. 100
- Político e intelectual centroamericano El Heraldo, September 11, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- DIPLOMATICO DESTACADO mexicodiplomatico.org. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- Jose Cecilio Del Valle: Scholar and Patriot By Franklin D. Parker, The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 32, No. 4 (Nov., 1952), pp. 516-539 Duke University Press
- JOSE CECILIO DEL VALLE angelfire.com Republica de Honduras, Retrieved March 19, 2010
- Los Cancilleres de México a través de su Historia sre.gob. Retrieved March 19, 2010
- "Universidad José Cecilio del Valle website". Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- November 22
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: José Cecilio del Valle|
- José Cecilio del Valle: político de la Independencia, Universidad Francisco Marroquin
- JOSE CECILIO DEL VALLE (Biography Spanish)
|President of Central America
Manuel José Arce