José Eduardo Agualusa
José Eduardo Agualusa (Alves da Cunha) (born December 13, 1960, in Huambo, Angola—then called Nova Lisboa, Overseas Province of Angola) is an Angolan journalist and writer. He studied agronomy and silviculture in Lisbon, Portugal. He currently spends most of his time in Portugal, Angola and Brazil, working as a writer and journalist. His books have been translated into twenty languages. He writes monthly for the Portuguese magazine LER and weekly for the Angolan newspaper A Capital. He hosts the radio program A Hora das Cigarras, about African music and poetry, on the channel RDP África. In 2006, he launched, with Conceição Lopes and Fatima Otero, the Brazilian publisher Língua Geral, dedicated exclusively to Portuguese-language authors.
- A Conjura (novel, 1989)
- D. Nicolau Água-Rosada e outras estórias verdadeiras e inverosímeis (short stories, 1990)
- O coração dos bosques (poetry, 1991)
- A feira dos assombrados (novella, 1992)
- Estação das Chuvas (novel, 1996)
- Nação Crioula (novel, 1997)
- Fronteiras Perdidas, contos para viajar (short stories, 1999)
- Um estranho em Goa (novel, 2000)
- Estranhões e Bizarrocos (juvenile literature, 2000)
- A Substância do Amor e Outras Crónicas (chronicles, 2000)
- O Homem que Parecia um Domingo (short stories, 2002)
- Catálogo de Sombras (short stories, 2003)
- O Ano em que Zumbi Tomou o Rio (novel, 2003)
- O Vendedor de Passados (novel, 2004)
- Manual Prático de Levitação (short stories, 2005)
- As Mulheres de Meu Pai (novel, 2007)
- Na rota das especiarias (guide, 2008)
- Barroco tropical (novel, 2009)
He has also published, in collaboration with fellow journalist Fernando Semedo and photographer Elza Rocha, a work of investigative reporting on the African community of Lisbon, Lisboa Africana (1993). His play Aquela Mulher was performed by Brazilian actress Marília Gabriela (directed by Antônio Fagundes) in São Paulo, Brazil, in 2008 and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2009. He co-wrote the play Chovem amores na Rua do Matador with Mozambican writer Mia Couto.
These novels were all translated into English by Daniel Hahn:
Creole (Nação Crioula—novel, 2002): Tells the story of a secret love between the fictional Portuguese adventurer Carlos Fradique Mendes (a creation of the 19th century Portuguese novelist Eça de Queiroz) and Ana Olímpia de Caminha, a former slave who became one of the wealthiest persons in Angola.
My Father's Wives (As Mulheres de Meu Pai—novel, 2008)
Agualusa benefited from three literary grants: the first awarded by the Portuguese Centro Nacional de Cultura in 1997 to write Nação Crioula (Creole); the second given in the year 2000 by the Portuguese Fundação Oriente allowing him to visit Goa, India, for three months which resulted in Um estranho em Goa; the third, in 2001, was prestiged by the German Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst. Thanks to that grant, he lived one year in Berlin, where he wrote O Ano em que Zumbi Tomou o Rio. In 2009, he was invited by the Dutch Residency for Writers in Amsterdam, where he wrote Barroco Tropical.
Nação Crioula (1997) was awarded the RTP Great Literary Prize. The Book of Chameleons (2006) won the Independent Foreign Fiction Prize in 2007. He is the first African writer to win the award since its inception in 1990.
Criticism and Interpretation
Agualusa's work was described by Ana Mafalda Leite as sometimes providing "a link between history and fiction, between the account of past events and the description of what might have been possible." The critic continues, "The author tries...to capture the moment in which history becomes literature, to illustrate how literary imagination takes precedence over the historical by means of the fantastic and an oneiric vision of life." Her assessment of the author's skills is as follows: "Agualusa gives evidence not just of solid historical research but also of the literary talent which brings these characters to life."
Brookshaw, David. 2002. Voices from Lusophone borderlands: the Angolan identities of António Agostinho Neto, Jorge Arrimar and José Eduardo Agualusa. Maynooth: National University of Ireland, Maynooth.
Guterres, Maria. "History and Fiction in José Eduardo Agualusa's Novels." Fiction in the Portuguese-Speaking World. Ed. Charles M. Kelley. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2000. pp. 117–38. Print.
- Leite, Ana Mafalda. "Angola." The Postcolonial Literature of Lusophone Africa. Ed. Patrick Chabal. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1996. p. 114. Print.
- Homepage of José Eduardo Agualusa (in Portuguese, English, German, French, Dutch & Luxembourgian)
- Biography from the international literature festival berlin
- "Out of Africa: Prize-winning author Eduardo Agualusa" The Independent, 3 May 2007
- "Angolan author wins fiction prize" BBC News, 1 May 2007
- "An Interview with José Eduardo Agualusa"