José Félix Uriburu

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José Félix Uriburu
José Félix Uriburu.jpg
22nd President of Argentina
De facto
In office
September 6, 1930 – February 19, 1932
Vice President Enrique Santamarina (1930)
None (1930–1932)
Preceded by Hipólito Yrigoyen
Succeeded by Agustín P. Justo
Personal details
Born July 20, 1868
Salta
Died April 29, 1932(1932-04-29) (aged 63)
Paris, France
Nationality Argentine
Political party Argentine Civic Legion
Profession Military
Military service
Allegiance Argentina
Service/branch Argentine Army
Years of service 1890–1932
Rank Lieutenant General

Lieutenant General José Félix Benito Uriburu y Uriburu (1868–1932) was the first de facto President of Argentina; he achieved the position through a military coup, and his tenure lasted from September 6, 1930, to February 20, 1932.[1]

Uriburu was born in Salta Province, and was a nephew of President José Evaristo Uriburu. He graduated from the military college in 1890. Prior to World War I, he served as military attache to Germany and the United Kingdom. When he returned to Argentina in 1914, he was elected to the Argentine National Congress. He was appointed inspector general of the army by Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear in 1922.

In September 1930, he led a military coup against democratically-elected President Hipólito Yrigoyen, in which the far-right Argentine Patriotic League participated. The coup marked the start of what was later called the Infamous Decade. His regime was strongly supported by rightist intellectuals such as Rodolfo and Julio Irazusta and Juan Carulla.

He stayed as head of the government until 1932, implementing several reforms including cutting of government employees' salaries by more than 10 percent.

After being diagnosed with stomach cancer in early 1932, he endured a brief period of futile recovery before dying in Paris, France on 29 April 1932.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Uriburu Ends Argentine Rule". Associated Press. February 20, 1932. Retrieved 2011-04-26. "The General who strode into the Argentine capital almost a year and a half ago and took over the government by threat of arms, tomorrow will stride out in favor of a ..." 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Hipólito Yrigoyen
President of Argentina
1930–1932
Succeeded by
Agustín P. Justo